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NameCoagulation factor XIII A chain
Synonyms
  • 2.3.2.13
  • Coagulation factor XIIIa
  • F13A
  • Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase A chain
  • Transglutaminase A chain
Gene NameF13A1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0036933|Coagulation factor XIII A chain
MSETSRTAFGGRRAVPPNNSNAAEDDLPTVELQGVVPRGVNLQEFLNVTSVHLFKERWDT
NKVDHHTDKYENNKLIVRRGQSFYVQIDFSRPYDPRRDLFRVEYVIGRYPQENKGTYIPV
PIVSELQSGKWGAKIVMREDRSVRLSIQSSPKCIVGKFRMYVAVWTPYGVLRTSRNPETD
TYILFNPWCEDDAVYLDNEKEREEYVLNDIGVIFYGEVNDIKTRSWSYGQFEDGILDTCL
YVMDRAQMDLSGRGNPIKVSRVGSAMVNAKDDEGVLVGSWDNIYAYGVPPSAWTGSVDIL
LEYRSSENPVRYGQCWVFAGVFNTFLRCLGIPARIVTNYFSAHDNDANLQMDIFLEEDGN
VNSKLTKDSVWNYHCWNEAWMTRPDLPVGFGGWQAVDSTPQENSDGMYRCGPASVQAIKH
GHVCFQFDAPFVFAEVNSDLIYITAKKDGTHVVENVDATHIGKLIVTKQIGGDGMMDITD
TYKFQEGQEEERLALETALMYGAKKPLNTEGVMKSRSNVDMDFEVENAVLGKDFKLSITF
RNNSHNRYTITAYLSANITFYTGVPKAEFKKETFDVTLEPLSFKKEAVLIQAGEYMGQLL
EQASLHFFVTARINETRDVLAKQKSTVLTIPEIIIKVRGTQVVGSDMTVTVQFTNPLKET
LRNVWVHLDGPGVTRPMKKMFREIRPNSTVQWEEVCRPWVSGHRKLIASMSSDSLRHVYG
ELDVQIQRRPSM
Number of residues732
Molecular Weight83266.805
Theoretical pI5.95
GO Classification
Functions
  • metal ion binding
  • protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity
Processes
  • platelet activation
  • platelet degranulation
  • peptide cross-linking
  • blood coagulation
Components
  • extracellular region
  • platelet alpha granule lumen
  • blood microparticle
General FunctionProtein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity
Specific FunctionFactor XIII is activated by thrombin and calcium ion to a transglutaminase that catalyzes the formation of gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine cross-links between fibrin chains, thus stabilizing the fibrin clot. Also cross-link alpha-2-plasmin inhibitor, or fibronectin, to the alpha chains of fibrin.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID182309
UniProtKB IDP00488
UniProtKB Entry NameF13A_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010128|Coagulation factor XIII A chain (F13A1)
ATGTCAGAAACTTCCAGGACCGCCTTTGGAGGCAGAAGAGCAGTTCCACCCAATAACTCT
AATGCAGCGGAAGATGACCTGCCCACAGTGGAGCTTCAGGGCGTGGTGCCCCGGGGCGTC
AACCTGCAAGAGTTTCTTAATGTCACGAGCGTTCACCTGTTCAAGGAGAGATGGGACACT
AACAAGGTGGACCACCACACTGACAAGTATGAAAACAACAAGCTGATTGTCCGCAGAGGG
CAGTCTTTCTATGTGCAGATTGACTTCAGTCGTCCATATGACCCCAGAAGGGATCTCTTC
AGGGTGGAATACGTCATTGGTCGCTACCCACAGGAGAACAAGGGAACCTACATCCCAGTG
CCTATAGTCTCAGAGTTACAAAGTGGAAAGTGGGGGGCCAAGATTGTCATGAGAGAGGAC
AGGTCTGTGCGGCTGTCCATCCAGTCTTCCCCCAAATGTATTGTGGGGAAATTCCGCATG
TATGTTGCTGTCTGGACTCCCTATGGCGTACTTCGAACCAGTCGAAACCCAGAAACAGAC
ACGTACATTCTCTTCAATCCTTGGTGTGAAGATGATGCTGTGTATCTGGACAATGAGAAA
GAAAGAGAAGAGTATGTCCTGAATGACATCGGGGTAATTTTTTATGGAGAGGTCAATGAC
ATCAAGACCAGAAGCTGGAGCTATGGTCAGTTTGAAGATGGCATCCTGGACACTTGCCTG
TATGTGATGGACAGAGCACAAATGGACCTCTCTGGAAGAGGGAATCCCATCAAAGTCAGC
CGTGTGGGGTCTGCAATGGTGAATGCCAAAGATGACGAAGGTGTCCTCGTTGGATCCTGG
GACAATATCTATGCCTATGGCGTCCCCCCATCGGCCTGGACTGGAAGCGTTGACATTCTA
TTGGAATACCGGAGCTCTGAGAATCCAGTCCGGTATGGCCAATGCTGGGTTTTTGCTGGT
GTCTTTAACACATTTTTACGATGCCTTGGAATACCAGCAAGAATTGTTACCAATTATTTC
TCTGCCCATGATAATGATGCCAATTTGCAAATGGACATCTTCCTGGAAGAAGATGGGAAC
GTGAATTCCAAACTCACCAAGGATTCAGTGTGGAACTACCACTGCTGGAATGAAGCATGG
ATGACAAGGCCTGACCTTCCTGTTGGATTTGGAGGCTGGCAAGCTGTGGACAGCACCCCC
CAGGAAAATAGCGATGGCATGTATCGGTGTGGCCCCGCCTCGGTTCAAGCCATCAAGCAC
GGCCATGTCTGCTTCCAATTTGATGCACCTTTTGTTTTTGCAGAGGTCAACAGCGACCTC
ATTTACATTACAGCTAAGAAAGATGGCACTCATGTGGTGGAAAATGTGGATGCCACCCAC
ATTGGGAAATTAATTGTGACCAAACAAATTGGAGGAGATGGCATGATGGATATTACTGAT
ACTTACAAATTCCAAGAAGGTCAAGAAGAAGAGAGATTGGCCCTAGAAACTGCCCTGATG
TACGGAGCTAAAAAGCCCCTCAACACAGAAGGTGTCATGAAATCAAGGTCCAACGTTGAC
ATGGACTTTGAAGTGGAAAATGCTGTGCTGGGAAAAGACTTCAAGCTCTCCATCACCTTC
CGGAACAACAGCCACAACCGTTACACCATCACAGCTTATCTCTCAGCCAACATCACCTTC
TACACCGGGGTCCCGAAGGCAGAATTCAAGAAGGAGACGTTCGACGTGACGCTGGAGCCC
TTGTCCTTCAAGAAAGAGGCGGTGCTGATCCAAGCCGGCGAGTACATGGGTCAGCTGCTG
GAACAAGCGTCCCTGCACTTCTTTGTCACAGCTCGCATCAATGAGACCAGGGATGTTCTG
GCCAAGCAAAAGTCCACCGTGCTAACCATCCCTGAGATCATCATCAAGGTCCGTGGCACT
CAGGTAGTTGGTTCTGACATGACTGTGACAGTTGAGTTTACCAATCCTTTAAAAGAAACC
CTGCGAAATGTCTGGGTACACCTGGATGGTCCTGGAGTAACAAGACCAATGAAGAAGATG
TTCCGTGAAATCCGGCCCAACTCCACCGTGCAGTGGGAAGAAGTGTGCCGGCCCTGGGTC
TCTGGGCATCGGAAGCTGATAGCCAGCATGAGCAGTGACTCCCTGAGACATGTGTATGGC
GAGCTGGACGTGCAGATTCAAAGACGACCTTCCATGTGA
GenBank Gene IDM22001
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDF13A1
HGNC IDHGNC:3531
Chromosome Location6
Locus6p25.3-p24.3
References
  1. Ichinose A, Hendrickson LE, Fujikawa K, Davie EW: Amino acid sequence of the a subunit of human factor XIII. Biochemistry. 1986 Nov 4;25(22):6900-6. 3026437
  2. Grundmann U, Amann E, Zettlmeissl G, Kupper HA: Characterization of cDNA coding for human factor XIIIa. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Nov;83(21):8024-8. 2877457
  3. Ichinose A, Davie EW: Characterization of the gene for the a subunit of human factor XIII (plasma transglutaminase), a blood coagulation factor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Aug;85(16):5829-33. 2901091
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  6. Takahashi N, Takahashi Y, Putnam FW: Primary structure of blood coagulation factor XIIIa (fibrinoligase, transglutaminase) from human placenta. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Nov;83(21):8019-23. 2877456
  7. Takagi T, Doolittle RF: Amino acid sequence studies on factor XIII and the peptide released during its activation by thrombin. Biochemistry. 1974 Feb 12;13(4):750-6. 4811064
  8. Schwartz ML, Pizzo SV, Hill RL, McKee PA: Human Factor XIII from plasma and platelets. Molecular weights, subunit structures, proteolytic activation, and cross-linking of fibrinogen and fibrin. J Biol Chem. 1973 Feb 25;248(4):1395-407. 4405643
  9. Liu T, Qian WJ, Gritsenko MA, Camp DG 2nd, Monroe ME, Moore RJ, Smith RD: Human plasma N-glycoproteome analysis by immunoaffinity subtraction, hydrazide chemistry, and mass spectrometry. J Proteome Res. 2005 Nov-Dec;4(6):2070-80. 16335952
  10. Muszbek L, Bereczky Z, Bagoly Z, Komaromi I, Katona E: Factor XIII: a coagulation factor with multiple plasmatic and cellular functions. Physiol Rev. 2011 Jul;91(3):931-72. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00016.2010. 21742792
  11. Thomas A, Biswas A, Ivaskevicius V, Oldenburg J: Structural and functional influences of coagulation factor XIII subunit B heterozygous missense mutants. Mol Genet Genomic Med. 2015 Jul;3(4):258-71. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.138. Epub 2015 Apr 10. 26247044
  12. Yee VC, Pedersen LC, Le Trong I, Bishop PD, Stenkamp RE, Teller DC: Three-dimensional structure of a transglutaminase: human blood coagulation factor XIII. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jul 19;91(15):7296-300. 7913750
  13. Yee VC, Pedersen LC, Bishop PD, Stenkamp RE, Teller DC: Structural evidence that the activation peptide is not released upon thrombin cleavage of factor XIII. Thromb Res. 1995 Jun 1;78(5):389-97. 7660355
  14. Weiss MS, Metzner HJ, Hilgenfeld R: Two non-proline cis peptide bonds may be important for factor XIII function. FEBS Lett. 1998 Feb 27;423(3):291-6. 9515726
  15. Fox BA, Yee VC, Pedersen LC, Le Trong I, Bishop PD, Stenkamp RE, Teller DC: Identification of the calcium binding site and a novel ytterbium site in blood coagulation factor XIII by x-ray crystallography. J Biol Chem. 1999 Feb 19;274(8):4917-23. 9988734
  16. Suzuki K, Iwata M, Ito S, Matsui K, Uchida A, Mizoi Y: Molecular basis for subtypic differences of the "a" subunit of coagulation factor XIII with description of the genesis of the subtypes. Hum Genet. 1994 Aug;94(2):129-35. 7913909
  17. Board P, Coggan M, Miloszewski K: Identification of a point mutation in factor XIII A subunit deficiency. Blood. 1992 Aug 15;80(4):937-41. 1353995
  18. Kangsadalampai S, Board PG: The Val34Leu polymorphism in the A subunit of coagulation factor XIII contributes to the large normal range in activity and demonstrates that the activation peptide plays a role in catalytic activity. Blood. 1998 Oct 15;92(8):2766-70. 9763561
  19. Cargill M, Altshuler D, Ireland J, Sklar P, Ardlie K, Patil N, Shaw N, Lane CR, Lim EP, Kalyanaraman N, Nemesh J, Ziaugra L, Friedland L, Rolfe A, Warrington J, Lipshutz R, Daley GQ, Lander ES: Characterization of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in coding regions of human genes. Nat Genet. 1999 Jul;22(3):231-8. 10391209
  20. Biswas A, Ivaskevicius V, Thomas A, Varvenne M, Brand B, Rott H, Haussels I, Ruehl H, Scholz U, Klamroth R, Oldenburg J: Eight novel F13A1 gene missense mutations in patients with mild FXIII deficiency: in silico analysis suggests changes in FXIII-A subunit structure/function. Ann Hematol. 2014 Oct;93(10):1665-76. doi: 10.1007/s00277-014-2102-4. Epub 2014 Jun 3. 24889649
  21. Souri M, Biswas A, Misawa M, Omura H, Ichinose A: Severe congenital factor XIII deficiency caused by novel W187X and G273V mutations in the F13A gene; diagnosis and classification according to the ISTH/SSC guidelines. Haemophilia. 2014 Mar;20(2):255-62. doi: 10.1111/hae.12298. Epub 2013 Nov 29. 24286209
  22. Borhany M, Handrkova H, Cairo A, Schroeder V, Fatima N, Naz A, Amanat S, Shamsi T, Peyvandi F, Kohler HP: Congenital factor XIII deficiency in Pakistan: characterization of seven families and identification of four novel mutations. Haemophilia. 2014 Jul;20(4):568-74. doi: 10.1111/hae.12340. Epub 2013 Dec 16. 24329762