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NameTyrosine-protein kinase ABL1
Synonyms
  • 2.7.10.2
  • Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1
  • Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 1
  • ABL
  • JTK7
  • p150
  • Proto-oncogene c-Abl
Gene NameABL1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0000028|Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1
MLEICLKLVGCKSKKGLSSSSSCYLEEALQRPVASDFEPQGLSEAARWNSKENLLAGPSE
NDPNLFVALYDFVASGDNTLSITKGEKLRVLGYNHNGEWCEAQTKNGQGWVPSNYITPVN
SLEKHSWYHGPVSRNAAEYLLSSGINGSFLVRESESSPGQRSISLRYEGRVYHYRINTAS
DGKLYVSSESRFNTLAELVHHHSTVADGLITTLHYPAPKRNKPTVYGVSPNYDKWEMERT
DITMKHKLGGGQYGEVYEGVWKKYSLTVAVKTLKEDTMEVEEFLKEAAVMKEIKHPNLVQ
LLGVCTREPPFYIITEFMTYGNLLDYLRECNRQEVNAVVLLYMATQISSAMEYLEKKNFI
HRDLAARNCLVGENHLVKVADFGLSRLMTGDTYTAHAGAKFPIKWTAPESLAYNKFSIKS
DVWAFGVLLWEIATYGMSPYPGIDLSQVYELLEKDYRMERPEGCPEKVYELMRACWQWNP
SDRPSFAEIHQAFETMFQESSISDEVEKELGKQGVRGAVSTLLQAPELPTKTRTSRRAAE
HRDTTDVPEMPHSKGQGESDPLDHEPAVSPLLPRKERGPPEGGLNEDERLLPKDKKTNLF
SALIKKKKKTAPTPPKRSSSFREMDGQPERRGAGEEEGRDISNGALAFTPLDTADPAKSP
KPSNGAGVPNGALRESGGSGFRSPHLWKKSSTLTSSRLATGEEEGGGSSSKRFLRSCSAS
CVPHGAKDTEWRSVTLPRDLQSTGRQFDSSTFGGHKSEKPALPRKRAGENRSDQVTRGTV
TPPPRLVKKNEEAADEVFKDIMESSPGSSPPNLTPKPLRRQVTVAPASGLPHKEEAGKGS
ALGTPAAAEPVTPTSKAGSGAPGGTSKGPAEESRVRRHKHSSESPGRDKGKLSRLKPAPP
PPPAASAGKAGGKPSQSPSQEAAGEAVLGAKTKATSLVDAVNSDAAKPSQPGEGLKKPVL
PATPKPQSAKPSGTPISPAPVPSTLPSASSALAGDQPSSTAFIPLISTRVSLRKTRQPPE
RIASGAITKGVVLDSTEALCLAISRNSEQMASHSAVLEAGKNLYTFCVSYVDSIQQMRNK
FAFREAINKLENNLRELQICPATAGSGPAATQDFSKLLSSVKEISDIVQR
Number of residues1130
Molecular Weight122871.435
Theoretical pI8.94
GO Classification
Functions
  • protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • SH3 domain binding
  • ATP binding
  • syntaxin binding
  • protein kinase activity
  • DNA binding
  • receptor binding
  • actin monomer binding
  • mitogen-activated protein kinase binding
  • nicotinate-nucleotide adenylyltransferase activity
  • manganese ion binding
  • proline-rich region binding
  • non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • protein C-terminus binding
  • magnesium ion binding
Processes
  • signal transduction in response to DNA damage
  • mismatch repair
  • Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis
  • positive regulation of apoptotic process
  • positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration
  • establishment of protein localization
  • innate immune response
  • positive regulation of microtubule binding
  • intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage
  • positive regulation of muscle cell differentiation
  • actin cytoskeleton organization
  • regulation of cell motility
  • mitochondrial depolarization
  • positive regulation of oxidoreductase activity
  • cell adhesion
  • autophagy
  • regulation of cell adhesion
  • mitotic nuclear division
  • positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
  • blood coagulation
  • axon guidance
  • muscle cell differentiation
  • negative regulation of phospholipase C activity
  • positive regulation of protein phosphorylation
  • cell differentiation
  • regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization
  • cell migration
  • regulation of actin cytoskeleton reorganization
  • DNA repair
  • cellular protein modification process
  • regulation of autophagy
  • cellular response to DNA damage stimulus
  • negative regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity
  • regulation of axon extension
  • response to oxidative stress
  • cellular response to dopamine
  • negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein transferase activity
  • regulation of cell proliferation
  • cell cycle arrest
  • cellular response to oxidative stress
  • peptidyl-tyrosine autophosphorylation
  • regulation of endocytosis
  • small GTPase mediated signal transduction
  • DNA damage induced protein phosphorylation
  • peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
  • regulation of microtubule polymerization
  • double-strand break repair
  • platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • regulation of response to DNA damage stimulus
  • double-strand break repair via homologous recombination
  • platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta signaling pathway
  • regulation of transcription, DNA-templated
  • epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of actin filament binding
Components
  • cytoplasm
  • mitochondrion
  • actin cytoskeleton
  • cytosol
  • extrinsic component of cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane
  • nucleus
  • nuclear membrane
  • nucleolus
  • nucleoplasm
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm
General FunctionSyntaxin binding
Specific FunctionNon-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that plays a role in many key processes linked to cell growth and survival such as cytoskeleton remodeling in response to extracellular stimuli, cell motility and adhesion, receptor endocytosis, autophagy, DNA damage response and apoptosis. Coordinates actin remodeling through tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins controlling cytoskeleton dynamics like WASF3 (involved in branch formation); ANXA1 (involved in membrane anchoring); DBN1, DBNL, CTTN, RAPH1 and ENAH (involved in signaling); or MAPT and PXN (microtubule-binding proteins). Phosphorylation of WASF3 is critical for the stimulation of lamellipodia formation and cell migration. Involved in the regulation of cell adhesion and motility through phosphorylation of key regulators of these processes such as BCAR1, CRK, CRKL, DOK1, EFS or NEDD9. Phosphorylates multiple receptor tyrosine kinases and more particularly promotes endocytosis of EGFR, facilitates the formation of neuromuscular synapses through MUSK, inhibits PDGFRB-mediated chemotaxis and modulates the endocytosis of activated B-cell receptor complexes. Other substrates which are involved in endocytosis regulation are the caveolin (CAV1) and RIN1. Moreover, ABL1 regulates the CBL family of ubiquitin ligases that drive receptor down-regulation and actin remodeling. Phosphorylation of CBL leads to increased EGFR stability. Involved in late-stage autophagy by regulating positively the trafficking and function of lysosomal components. ABL1 targets to mitochondria in response to oxidative stress and thereby mediates mitochondrial dysfunction and cell death. ABL1 is also translocated in the nucleus where it has DNA-binding activity and is involved in DNA-damage response and apoptosis. Many substrates are known mediators of DNA repair: DDB1, DDB2, ERCC3, ERCC6, RAD9A, RAD51, RAD52 or WRN. Activates the proapoptotic pathway when the DNA damage is too severe to be repaired. Phosphorylates TP73, a primary regulator for this type of damage-induced apoptosis. Phosphorylates the caspase CASP9 on 'Tyr-153' and regulates its processing in the apoptotic response to DNA damage. Phosphorylates PSMA7 that leads to an inhibition of proteasomal activity and cell cycle transition blocks. ABL1 acts also as a regulator of multiple pathological signaling cascades during infection. Several known tyrosine-phosphorylated microbial proteins have been identified as ABL1 substrates. This is the case of A36R of Vaccinia virus, Tir (translocated intimin receptor) of pathogenic E.coli and possibly Citrobacter, CagA (cytotoxin-associated gene A) of H.pylori, or AnkA (ankyrin repeat-containing protein A) of A.phagocytophilum. Pathogens can highjack ABL1 kinase signaling to reorganize the host actin cytoskeleton for multiple purposes, like facilitating intracellular movement and host cell exit. Finally, functions as its own regulator through autocatalytic activity as well as through phosphorylation of its inhibitor, ABI1.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID28237
UniProtKB IDP00519
UniProtKB Entry NameABL1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0009872|Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1 (ABL1)
ATGTTGGAGATCTGCCTGAAGCTGGTGGGCTGCAAATCCAAGAAGGGGCTGTCCTCGTCC
TCCAGCTGTTATCTGGAAGAAGCCCTTCAGCGGCCAGTAGCATCTGACTTTGAGCCTCAG
GGTCTGAGTGAAGCCGCTCGTTGGAACTCCAAGGAAAACCTTCTCGCTGGACCCAGTGAA
AATGACCCCAACCTTTTCGTTGCACTGTATGATTTTGTGGCCAGTGGAGATAACACTCTA
AGCATAACTAAAGGTGAAAAGCTCCGGGTCTTAGGCTATAATCACAATGGGGAATGGTGT
GAAGCCCAAACCAAAAATGGCCAAGGCTGGGTCCCAAGCAACTACATCACGCCAGTCAAC
AGTCTGGAGAAACACTCCTGGTACCATGGGCCTGTGTCCCGCAATGCCGCTGAGTATCTG
CTGAGCAGCGGGATCAATGGCAGCTTCTTGGTGCGTGAGAGTGAGAGCAGTCCTGGCCAG
AGGTCCATCTCGCTGAGATACGAAGGGAGGGTGTACCATTACAGGATCAACACTGCTTCT
GATGGCAAGCTCTACGTCTCCTCCGAGAGCCGCTTCAACACCCTGGCCGAGTTGGTTCAT
CATCATTCAACGGTGGCCGACGGGCTCATCACCACGCTCCATTATCCAGCCCCAAAGCGC
AACAAGCCCACTGTCTATGGTGTGTCCCCCAACTACGACAAGTGGGAGATGGAACGCACG
GACATCACCATGAAGCACAAGCTGGGCGGGGGCCAGTACGGGGAGGTGTACGAGGGCGTG
TGGAAGAAATACAGCCTGACGGTGGCCGTGAAGACCTTGAAGGAGGACACCATGGAGGTG
GAAGAGTTCTTGAAAGAAGCTGCAGTCATGAAAGAGATCAAACACCCTAACCTGGTGCAG
CTCCTTGGGGTCTGCACCCGGGAGCCCCCGTTCTATATCATCACTGAGTTCATGACCTAC
GGGAACCTCCTGGACTACCTGAGGGAGTGCAACCGGCAGGAGGTGAACGCCGTGGTGCTG
CTGTACATGGCCACTCAGATCTCGTCAGCCATGGAGTACCTGGAGAAGAAAAACTTCATC
CACAGAGATCTTGCTGCCCGAAACTGCCTGGTAGGGGAGAACCACTTGGTGAAGGTAGCT
GATTTTGGCCTGAGCAGGTTGATGACAGGGGACACCTACACAGCCCATGCTGGAGCCAAG
TTCCCCATCAAATGGACTGCACCCGAGAGCCTGGCCTACAACAAGTTCTCCATCAAGTCC
GACGTCTGGGCATTTGGAGTATTGCTTTGGGAAATTGCTACCTATGGCATGTCCCCTTAC
CCGGGAATTGACCTGTCCCAGGTGTATGAGCTGCTAGAGAAGGACTACCGCATGGAGCGC
CCAGAAGGCTGCCCAGAGAAGGTCTATGAACTCATGCGAGCATGTTGGCAGTGGAATCCC
TCTGACCGGCCCTCCTTTGCTGAAATCCACCAAGCCTTTGAAACAATGTTCCAGGAATCC
AGTATCTCAGACGAAGTGGAAAAGGAGCTGGGGAAACAAGGCGTCCGTGGGGCTGTGAGT
ACCTTGCTGCAGGCCCCAGAGCTGCCCACCAAGACGAGGACCTCCAGGAGAGCTGCAGAG
CACAGAGACACCACTGACGTGCCTGAGATGCCTCACTCCAAGGGCCAGGGAGAGAGCGAT
CCTCTGGACCATGAGCCTGCCGTGTCTCCATTGCTCCCTCGAAAAGAGCGAGGTCCCCCG
GAGGGCGGCCTGAATGAAGATGAGCGCCTTCTCCCCAAAGACAAAAAGACCAACTTGTTC
AGCGCCTTGATCAAGAAGAAGAAGAAGACAGCCCCAACCCCTCCCAAACGCAGCAGCTCC
TTCCGGGAGATGGACGGCCAGCCGGAGCGCAGAGGGGCCGGCGAGGAAGAGGGCCGAGAC
ATCAGCAACGGGGCACTGGCTTTCACCCCCTTGGACACAGCTGACCCAGCCAAGTCCCCA
AAGCCCAGCAATGGGGCTGGGGTCCCCAATGGAGCCCTCCGGGAGTCCGGGGGCTCAGGC
TTCCGGTCTCCCCACCTGTGGAAGAAGTCCAGCACGCTGACCAGCAGCCGCCTAGCCACC
GGCGAGGAGGAGGGCGGTGGCAGCTCCAGCAAGCGCTTCCTGCGCTCTTGCTCCGCCTCC
TGCGTTCCCCATGGGGCCAAGGACACGGAGTGGAGGTCAGTCACGCTGCCTCGGGACTTG
CAGTCCACGGGAAGACAGTTTGACTCGTCCACATTTGGAGGGCACAAAAGTGAGAAGCCG
GCTCTGCCTCGGAAGAGGGCAGGGGAGAACAGGTCTGACCAGGTGACCCGAGGCACAGTA
ACGCCTCCCCCCAGGCTGGTGAAAAAGAATGAGGAAGCTGCTGATGAGGTCTTCAAAGAC
ATCATGGAGTCCAGCCCGGGCTCCAGCCCGCCCAACCTGACTCCAAAACCCCTCCGGCGG
CAGGTCACCGTGGCCCCTGCCTCGGGCCTCCCCCACAAGGAAGAAGCTGGAAAGGGCAGT
GCCTTAGGGACCCCTGCTGCAGCTGAGCCAGTGACCCCCACCAGCAAAGCAGGCTCAGGT
GCACCAGGGGGCACCAGCAAGGGCCCCGCCGAGGAGTCCAGAGTGAGGAGGCACAAGCAC
TCCTCTGAGTCGCCAGGGAGGGACAAGGGGAAATTGTCCAGGCTCAAACCTGCCCCGCCG
CCCCCACCAGCAGCCTCTGCAGGGAAGGCTGGAGGAAAGCCCTCGCAGAGCCCGAGCCAG
GAGGCGGCCGGGGAGGCAGTCCTGGGCGCAAAGACAAAAGCCACGAGTCTGGTTGATGCT
GTGAACAGTGACGCTGCCAAGCCCAGCCAGCCGGGAGAGGGCCTCAAAAAGCCCGTGCTC
CCGGCCACTCCAAAGCCACAGTCCGCCAAGCCGTCGGGGACCCCCATCAGCCCAGCCCCC
GTTCCCTCCACGTTGCCATCAGCATCCTCGGCCCTGGCAGGGGACCAGCCGTCTTCCACC
GCCTTCATCCCTCTCATATCAACCCGAGTGTCTCTTCGGAAAACCCGCCAGCCTCCAGAG
CGGATCGCCAGCGGCGCCATCACCAAGGGCGTGGTCCTGGACAGCACCGAGGCGCTGTGC
CTCGCCATCTCTAGGAACTCCGAGCAGATGGCCAGCCACAGCGCAGTGCTGGAGGCCGGC
AAAAACCTCTACACGTTCTGCGTGAGCTATGTGGATTCCATCCAGCAAATGAGGAACAAG
TTTGCCTTCCGAGAGGCCATCAACAAACTGGAGAATAATCTCCGGGAGCTTCAGATCTGC
CCGGCGACAGCAGGCAGTGGTCCAGCGGCCACTCAGGACTTCAGCAAGCTCCTCAGTTCG
GTGAAGGAAATCAGTGACATAGTGCAGAGGTAG
GenBank Gene IDX16416
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDABL1
HGNC IDHGNC:76
Chromosome Location9
Locus9q34.1
References
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