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NameEpidermal growth factor receptor
Synonyms
  • 2.7.10.1
  • ERBB
  • ERBB1
  • HER1
  • Proto-oncogene c-ErbB-1
  • Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-1
Gene NameEGFR
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0001530|Epidermal growth factor receptor
MRPSGTAGAALLALLAALCPASRALEEKKVCQGTSNKLTQLGTFEDHFLSLQRMFNNCEV
VLGNLEITYVQRNYDLSFLKTIQEVAGYVLIALNTVERIPLENLQIIRGNMYYENSYALA
VLSNYDANKTGLKELPMRNLQEILHGAVRFSNNPALCNVESIQWRDIVSSDFLSNMSMDF
QNHLGSCQKCDPSCPNGSCWGAGEENCQKLTKIICAQQCSGRCRGKSPSDCCHNQCAAGC
TGPRESDCLVCRKFRDEATCKDTCPPLMLYNPTTYQMDVNPEGKYSFGATCVKKCPRNYV
VTDHGSCVRACGADSYEMEEDGVRKCKKCEGPCRKVCNGIGIGEFKDSLSINATNIKHFK
NCTSISGDLHILPVAFRGDSFTHTPPLDPQELDILKTVKEITGFLLIQAWPENRTDLHAF
ENLEIIRGRTKQHGQFSLAVVSLNITSLGLRSLKEISDGDVIISGNKNLCYANTINWKKL
FGTSGQKTKIISNRGENSCKATGQVCHALCSPEGCWGPEPRDCVSCRNVSRGRECVDKCN
LLEGEPREFVENSECIQCHPECLPQAMNITCTGRGPDNCIQCAHYIDGPHCVKTCPAGVM
GENNTLVWKYADAGHVCHLCHPNCTYGCTGPGLEGCPTNGPKIPSIATGMVGALLLLLVV
ALGIGLFMRRRHIVRKRTLRRLLQERELVEPLTPSGEAPNQALLRILKETEFKKIKVLGS
GAFGTVYKGLWIPEGEKVKIPVAIKELREATSPKANKEILDEAYVMASVDNPHVCRLLGI
CLTSTVQLITQLMPFGCLLDYVREHKDNIGSQYLLNWCVQIAKGMNYLEDRRLVHRDLAA
RNVLVKTPQHVKITDFGLAKLLGAEEKEYHAEGGKVPIKWMALESILHRIYTHQSDVWSY
GVTVWELMTFGSKPYDGIPASEISSILEKGERLPQPPICTIDVYMIMVKCWMIDADSRPK
FRELIIEFSKMARDPQRYLVIQGDERMHLPSPTDSNFYRALMDEEDMDDVVDADEYLIPQ
QGFFSSPSTSRTPLLSSLSATSNNSTVACIDRNGLQSCPIKEDSFLQRYSSDPTGALTED
SIDDTFLPVPEYINQSVPKRPAGSVQNPVYHNQPLNPAPSRDPHYQDPHSTAVGNPEYLN
TVQPTCVNSTFDSPAHWAQKGSHQISLDNPDYQQDFFPKEAKPNGIFKGSTAENAEYLRV
APQSSEFIGA
Number of residues1210
Molecular Weight134276.185
Theoretical pI6.67
GO Classification
Functions
  • protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • epidermal growth factor-activated receptor activity
  • chromatin binding
  • double-stranded DNA binding
  • identical protein binding
  • transmembrane signaling receptor activity
  • protein heterodimerization activity
  • enzyme binding
  • receptor signaling protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • MAP kinase kinase kinase activity
  • protein phosphatase binding
  • actin filament binding
  • ubiquitin protein ligase binding
  • ATP binding
Processes
  • activation of phospholipase C activity
  • protein insertion into membrane
  • negative regulation of apoptotic process
  • cellular response to estradiol stimulus
  • axon guidance
  • positive regulation of MAP kinase activity
  • digestive tract morphogenesis
  • neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway
  • negative regulation of protein catabolic process
  • epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation
  • positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
  • innate immune response
  • Ras protein signal transduction
  • positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process
  • embryonic placenta development
  • peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • single organismal cell-cell adhesion
  • positive regulation of protein phosphorylation
  • phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling
  • activation of phospholipase A2 activity by calcium-mediated signaling
  • cerebral cortex cell migration
  • Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade
  • morphogenesis of an epithelial fold
  • hair follicle development
  • protein autophosphorylation
  • response to UV-A
  • small GTPase mediated signal transduction
  • cell surface receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of DNA repair
  • cellular response to amino acid stimulus
  • regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation
  • positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation
  • cellular response to epidermal growth factor stimulus
  • response to stress
  • positive regulation of phosphorylation
  • positive regulation of cell migration
  • ossification
  • positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle
  • cell proliferation
  • negative regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • activation of MAPKK activity
  • positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling
  • fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity
  • positive regulation of DNA replication
  • positive regulation of catenin import into nucleus
  • signal transduction
  • insulin receptor signaling pathway
  • learning or memory
  • salivary gland morphogenesis
  • MAPK cascade
Components
  • nucleus
  • multivesicular body, internal vesicle lumen
  • plasma membrane
  • endosome membrane
  • Shc-EGFR complex
  • receptor complex
  • focal adhesion
  • extracellular space
  • Golgi membrane
  • endoplasmic reticulum membrane
  • basolateral plasma membrane
  • cell surface
  • membrane raft
  • endosome
  • cytoplasm
  • integral component of membrane
  • endocytic vesicle
  • membrane
  • nuclear membrane
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm
  • early endosome membrane
General FunctionUbiquitin protein ligase binding
Specific FunctionReceptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses. Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, amphiregulin, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF. Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules. May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade. Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin.Isoform 2 may act as an antagonist of EGF action.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions646-668
GenBank Protein ID757924
UniProtKB IDP00533
UniProtKB Entry NameEGFR_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCell membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0019007|Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
ATGCGACCCTCCGGGACGGCCGGGGCAGCGCTCCTGGCGCTGCTGGCTGCGCTCTGCCCG
GCGAGTCGGGCTCTGGAGGAAAAGAAAGTTTGCCAAGGCACGAGTAACAAGCTCACGCAG
TTGGGCACTTTTGAAGATCATTTTCTCAGCCTCCAGAGGATGTTCAATAACTGTGAGGTG
GTCCTTGGGAATTTGGAAATTACCTATGTGCAGAGGAATTATGATCTTTCCTTCTTAAAG
ACCATCCAGGAGGTGGCTGGTTATGTCCTCATTGCCCTCAACACAGTGGAGCGAATTCCT
TTGGAAAACCTGCAGATCATCAGAGGAAATATGTACTACGAAAATTCCTATGCCTTAGCA
GTCTTATCTAACTATGATGCAAATAAAACCGGACTGAAGGAGCTGCCCATGAGAAATTTA
CAGGAAATCCTGCATGGCGCCGTGCGGTTCAGCAACAACCCTGCCCTGTGCAACGTGGAG
AGCATCCAGTGGCGGGACATAGTCAGCAGTGACTTTCTCAGCAACATGTCGATGGACTTC
CAGAACCACCTGGGCAGCTGCCAAAAGTGTGATCCAAGCTGTCCCAATGGGAGCTGCTGG
GGTGCAGGAGAGGAGAACTGCCAGAAACTGACCAAAATCATCTGTGCCCAGCAGTGCTCC
GGGCGCTGCCGTGGCAAGTCCCCCAGTGACTGCTGCCACAACCAGTGTGCTGCAGGCTGC
ACAGGCCCCCGGGAGAGCGACTGCCTGGTCTGCCGCAAATTCCGAGACGAAGCCACGTGC
AAGGACACCTGCCCCCCACTCATGCTCTACAACCCCACCACGTACCAGATGGATGTGAAC
CCCGAGGGCAAATACAGCTTTGGTGCCACCTGCGTGAAGAAGTGTCCCCGTAATTATGTG
GTGACAGATCACGGCTCGTGCGTCCGAGCCTGTGGGGCCGACAGCTATGAGATGGAGGAA
GACGGCGTCCGCAAGTGTAAGAAGTGCGAAGGGCCTTGCCGCAAAGTGTGTAACGGAATA
GGTATTGGTGAATTTAAAGACTCACTCTCCATAAATGCTACGAATATTAAACACTTCAAA
AACTGCACCTCCATCAGTGGCGATCTCCACATCCTGCCGGTGGCATTTAGGGGTGACTCC
TTCACACATACTCCTCCTCTGGATCCACAGGAACTGGATATTCTGAAAACCGTAAAGGAA
ATCACAGGGTTTTTGCTGATTCAGGCTTGGCCTGAAAACAGGACGGACCTCCATGCCTTT
GAGAACCTAGAAATCATACGCGGCAGGACCAAGCAACATGGTCAGTTTTCTCTTGCAGTC
GTCAGCCTGAACATAACATCCTTGGGATTACGCTCCCTCAAGGAGATAAGTGATGGAGAT
GTGATAATTTCAGGAAACAAAAATTTGTGCTATGCAAATACAATAAACTGGAAAAAACTG
TTTGGGACCTCCGGTCAGAAAACCAAAATTATAAGCAACAGAGGTGAAAACAGCTGCAAG
GCCACAGGCCAGGTCTGCCATGCCTTGTGCTCCCCCGAGGGCTGCTGGGGCCCGGAGCCC
AGGGACTGCGTCTCTTGCCGGAATGTCAGCCGAGGCAGGGAATGCGTGGACAAGTGCAAC
CTTCTGGAGGGTGAGCCAAGGGAGTTTGTGGAGAACTCTGAGTGCATACAGTGCCACCCA
GAGTGCCTGCCTCAGGCCATGAACATCACCTGCACAGGACGGGGACCAGACAACTGTATC
CAGTGTGCCCACTACATTGACGGCCCCCACTGCGTCAAGACCTGCCCGGCAGGAGTCATG
GGAGAAAACAACACCCTGGTCTGGAAGTACGCAGACGCCGGCCATGTGTGCCACCTGTGC
CATCCAAACTGCACCTACGGATGCACTGGGCCAGGTCTTGAAGGCTGTCCAACGAATGGG
CCTAAGATCCCGTCCATCGCCACTGGGATGGTGGGGGCCCTCCTCTTGCTGCTGGTGGTG
GCCCTGGGGATCGGCCTCTTCATGCGAAGGCGCCACATCGTTCGGAAGCGCACGCTGCGG
AGGCTGCTGCAGGAGAGGGAGCTTGTGGAGCCTCTTACACCCAGTGGAGAAGCTCCCAAC
CAAGCTCTCTTGAGGATCTTGAAGGAAACTGAATTCAAAAAGATCAAAGTGCTGGGCTCC
GGTGCGTTCGGCACGGTGTATAAGGGACTCTGGATCCCAGAAGGTGAGAAAGTTAAAATT
CCCGTCGCTATCAAGGAATTAAGAGAAGCAACATCTCCGAAAGCCAACAAGGAAATCCTC
GATGAAGCCTACGTGATGGCCAGCGTGGACAACCCCCACGTGTGCCGCCTGCTGGGCATC
TGCCTCACCTCCACCGTGCAGCTCATCACGCAGCTCATGCCCTTCGGCTGCCTCCTGGAC
TATGTCCGGGAACACAAAGACAATATTGGCTCCCAGTACCTGCTCAACTGGTGTGTGCAG
ATCGCAAAGGGCATGAACTACTTGGAGGACCGTCGCTTGGTGCACCGCGACCTGGCAGCC
AGGAACGTACTGGTGAAAACACCGCAGCATGTCAAGATCACAGATTTTGGGCTGGCCAAA
CTGCTGGGTGCGGAAGAGAAAGAATACCATGCAGAAGGAGGCAAAGTGCCTATCAAGTGG
ATGGCATTGGAATCAATTTTACACAGAATCTATACCCACCAGAGTGATGTCTGGAGCTAC
GGGGTGACCGTTTGGGAGTTGATGACCTTTGGATCCAAGCCATATGACGGAATCCCTGCC
AGCGAGATCTCCTCCATCCTGGAGAAAGGAGAACGCCTCCCTCAGCCACCCATATGTACC
ATCGATGTCTACATGATCATGGTCAAGTGCTGGATGATAGACGCAGATAGTCGCCCAAAG
TTCCGTGAGTTGATCATCGAATTCTCCAAAATGGCCCGAGACCCCCAGCGCTACCTTGTC
ATTCAGGGGGATGAAAGAATGCATTTGCCAAGTCCTACAGACTCCAACTTCTACCGTGCC
CTGATGGATGAAGAAGACATGGACGACGTGGTGGATGCCGACGAGTACCTCATCCCACAG
CAGGGCTTCTTCAGCAGCCCCTCCACGTCACGGACTCCCCTCCTGAGCTCTCTGAGTGCA
ACCAGCAACAATTCCACCGTGGCTTGCATTGATAGAAATGGGCTGCAAAGCTGTCCCATC
AAGGAAGACAGCTTCTTGCAGCGATACAGCTCAGACCCCACAGGCGCCTTGACTGAGGAC
AGCATAGACGACACCTTCCTCCCAGTGCCTGAATACATAAACCAGTCCGTTCCCAAAAGG
CCCGCTGGCTCTGTGCAGAATCCTGTCTATCACAATCAGCCTCTGAACCCCGCGCCCAGC
AGAGACCCACACTACCAGGACCCCCACAGCACTGCAGTGGGCAACCCCGAGTATCTCAAC
ACTGTCCAGCCCACCTGTGTCAACAGCACATTCGACAGCCCTGCCCACTGGGCCCAGAAA
GGCAGCCACCAAATTAGCCTGGACAACCCTGACTACCAGCAGGACTTCTTTCCCAAGGAA
GCCAAGCCAAATGGCATCTTTAAGGGCTCCACAGCTGAAAATGCAGAATACCTAAGGGTC
GCGCCACAAAGCAGTGAATTTATTGGAGCATGA
GenBank Gene IDX00588
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDEGFR
HGNC IDHGNC:3236
Chromosome Location7
Locus7p12
References
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