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NameApolipoprotein A-I
Synonyms
  • Apo-AI
  • Apolipoprotein A1
Gene NameAPOA1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0017103|Apolipoprotein A-I
MKAAVLTLAVLFLTGSQARHFWQQDEPPQSPWDRVKDLATVYVDVLKDSGRDYVSQFEGS
ALGKQLNLKLLDNWDSVTSTFSKLREQLGPVTQEFWDNLEKETEGLRQEMSKDLEEVKAK
VQPYLDDFQKKWQEEMELYRQKVEPLRAELQEGARQKLHELQEKLSPLGEEMRDRARAHV
DALRTHLAPYSDELRQRLAARLEALKENGGARLAEYHAKATEHLSTLSEKAKPALEDLRQ
GLLPVLESFKVSFLSALEEYTKKLNTQ
Number of residues267
Molecular Weight30777.58
Theoretical pI5.5
GO Classification
Functions
  • phospholipid binding
  • lipase inhibitor activity
  • beta-amyloid binding
  • enzyme binding
  • high-density lipoprotein particle binding
  • apolipoprotein A-I receptor binding
  • apolipoprotein receptor binding
  • cholesterol binding
  • phosphatidylcholine binding
  • chemorepellent activity
  • cholesterol transporter activity
  • high-density lipoprotein particle receptor binding
  • phospholipid transporter activity
  • identical protein binding
  • phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase activator activity
Processes
  • negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response
  • cholesterol homeostasis
  • negative regulation of response to cytokine stimulus
  • cholesterol biosynthetic process
  • triglyceride catabolic process
  • negative regulation of very-low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling
  • cholesterol metabolic process
  • lipid storage
  • positive regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading
  • protein oxidation
  • cholesterol transport
  • high-density lipoprotein particle assembly
  • regulation of protein phosphorylation
  • platelet degranulation
  • G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • peptidyl-methionine modification
  • lipoprotein metabolic process
  • negative regulation of lipase activity
  • vitamin transport
  • phospholipid efflux
  • integrin-mediated signaling pathway
  • negative chemotaxis
  • platelet activation
  • organ regeneration
  • phospholipid homeostasis
  • positive regulation of lipoprotein lipase activity
  • positive regulation of cholesterol esterification
  • positive regulation of hydrolase activity
  • regulation of Cdc42 protein signal transduction
  • positive regulation of triglyceride catabolic process
  • response to estrogen
  • positive regulation of fatty acid biosynthetic process
  • phosphatidylcholine biosynthetic process
  • reverse cholesterol transport
  • very-low-density lipoprotein particle remodeling
  • phototransduction, visible light
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway
  • cholesterol import
  • negative regulation of inflammatory response
  • blood vessel endothelial cell migration
  • high-density lipoprotein particle clearance
  • positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction
  • high-density lipoprotein particle remodeling
  • blood coagulation
  • transmembrane transport
  • triglyceride homeostasis
  • negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion
  • protein stabilization
  • adrenal gland development
  • peripheral nervous system axon regeneration
  • endothelial cell proliferation
  • glucocorticoid metabolic process
  • response to drug
  • cellular lipid metabolic process
  • negative regulation of interleukin-1 beta secretion
  • receptor-mediated endocytosis
  • regulation of intestinal cholesterol absorption
  • response to nutrient
  • lipoprotein biosynthetic process
  • retinoid metabolic process
  • negative regulation of cell adhesion molecule production
  • cholesterol efflux
  • neuron projection regeneration
  • cellular protein metabolic process
  • positive regulation of stress fiber assembly
Components
  • endocytic vesicle lumen
  • early endosome
  • extracellular space
  • extracellular vesicle
  • secretory granule lumen
  • cell surface
  • chylomicron
  • blood microparticle
  • cytoplasmic vesicle
  • discoidal high-density lipoprotein particle
  • high-density lipoprotein particle
  • cytosol
  • endocytic vesicle
  • spherical high-density lipoprotein particle
  • extracellular exosome
  • very-low-density lipoprotein particle
  • extracellular region
  • endoplasmic reticulum lumen
  • nucleus
  • plasma membrane
General FunctionPhospholipid transporter activity
Specific FunctionParticipates in the reverse transport of cholesterol from tissues to the liver for excretion by promoting cholesterol efflux from tissues and by acting as a cofactor for the lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). As part of the SPAP complex, activates spermatozoa motility.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDP02647
UniProtKB Entry NameAPOA1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationSecreted
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0017104|Apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1)
ATGAAAGCTGCGGTGCTGACCTTGGCCGTGCTCTTCCTGACGGGGAGCCAGGCTCGGCAT
TTCTGGCAGCAAGATGAACCCCCCCAGAGCCCCTGGGATCGAGTGAAGGACCTGGCCACT
GTGTACGTGGATGTGCTCAAAGACAGCGGCAGAGACTATGTGTCCCAGTTTGAAGGCTCC
GCCTTGGGAAAACAGCTAAACCTAAAGCTCCTTGACAACTGGGACAGCGTGACCTCCACC
TTCAGCAAGCTGCGCGAACAGCTCGGCCCTGTGACCCAGGAGTTCTGGGATAACCTGGAA
AAGGAGACAGAGGGCCTGAGGCAGGAGATGAGCAAGGATCTGGAGGAGGTGAAGGCCAAG
GTGCAGCCCTACCTGGACGACTTCCAGAAGAAGTGGCAGGAGGAGATGGAGCTCTACCGC
CAGAAGGTGGAGCCGCTGCGCGCAGAGCTCCAAGAGGGCGCGCGCCAGAAGCTGCACGAG
CTGCAAGAGAAGCTGAGCCCACTGGGCGAGGAGATGCGCGACCGCGCGCGCGCCCATGTG
GACGCGCTGCGCACGCATCTGGCCCCCTACAGCGACGAGCTGCGCCAGCGCTTGGCCGCG
CGCCTTGAGGCTCTCAAGGAGAACGGCGGCGCCAGACTGGCCGAGTACCACGCCAAGGCC
ACCGAGCATCTGAGCACGCTCAGCGAGAAGGCCAAGCCCGCGCTCGAGGACCTCCGCCAA
GGCCTGCTGCCCGTGCTGGAGAGCTTCAAGGTCAGCTTCCTGAGCGCTCTCGAGGAGTAC
ACTAAGAAGCTCAACACCCAGTGA
GenBank Gene IDBC110286
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDAPOA1
HGNC IDHGNC:600
Chromosome Location11
LocusNot Available
References
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