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NameThymidylate synthase
Synonyms
  • 2.1.1.45
  • TS
Gene NameTYMS
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0036991|Thymidylate synthase
MPVAGSELPRRPLPPAAQERDAEPRPPHGELQYLGQIQHILRCGVRKDDRTGTGTLSVFG
MQARYSLRDEFPLLTTKRVFWKGVLEELLWFIKGSTNAKELSSKGVKIWDANGSRDFLDS
LGFSTREEGDLGPVYGFQWRHFGAEYRDMESDYSGQGVDQLQRVIDTIKTNPDDRRIIMC
AWNPRDLPLMALPPCHALCQFYVVNSELSCQLYQRSGDMGLGVPFNIASYALLTYMIAHI
TGLKPGDFIHTLGDAHIYLNHIEPLKIQLQREPRPFPKLRILRKVEKIDDFKAEDFQIEG
YNPHPTIKMEMAV
Number of residues313
Molecular Weight35715.65
Theoretical pI7.0
GO Classification
Functions
  • nucleotide binding
  • cofactor binding
  • mRNA binding
  • thymidylate synthase activity
  • folic acid binding
  • drug binding
Processes
  • pyrimidine nucleoside biosynthetic process
  • dTMP biosynthetic process
  • dTTP biosynthetic process
  • cartilage development
  • nucleobase-containing small molecule metabolic process
  • deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process
  • circadian rhythm
  • developmental growth
  • response to glucocorticoid
  • dUMP metabolic process
  • response to toxic substance
  • immortalization of host cell by virus
  • mitotic cell cycle
  • DNA biosynthetic process
  • response to drug
  • intestinal epithelial cell maturation
  • nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process
  • organ regeneration
  • G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle
  • regulation of transcription involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle
  • response to ethanol
  • cell growth
  • response to folic acid
  • aging
  • cell proliferation
  • response to organophosphorus
  • response to vitamin A
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • response to progesterone
  • response to cytokine
  • uracil metabolic process
  • pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process
  • tetrahydrofolate interconversion
Components
  • cytoplasm
  • mitochondrion
  • nucleus
  • mitochondrial inner membrane
  • mitochondrial matrix
  • cytosol
  • nucleolus
  • nucleoplasm
General FunctionThymidylate synthase activity
Specific FunctionContributes to the de novo mitochondrial thymidylate biosynthesis pathway.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID37479
UniProtKB IDP04818
UniProtKB Entry NameTYSY_HUMAN
Cellular LocationNucleus
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010247|Thymidylate synthase (TYMS)
ATGCCTGTGGCCGGCTCGGAGCTGCCGCGCCGGCCCTTGCCCCCCGCCGCACAGGAGCGG
GACGCCGAGCCGCGTCCGCCGCACGGGGAGCTGCAGTACCTGGGGCAGATCCAACACATC
CTCCGCTGCGGCGTCAGGAAGGACGACCGCACGGGCACCGGCACCCTGTCGGTATTCGGC
ATGCAGGCGCGCTACAGCCTGAGAGATGAATTCCCTCTGCTGACAACCAAACGTGTGTTC
TGGAAGGGTGTTTTGGAGGAGTTGCTGTGGTTTATCAAGGGATCCACAAATGCTAAAGAG
CTGTCTTCCAAGGGAGTGAAAATCTGGGATGCCAATGGATCCCGAGACTTTTTGGACAGC
CTGGGATTCTCCACCAGAGAAGAAGGGGACTTGGGCCCAGTTTATGGCTTCCAGTGGAGG
CATTTTGGGGCAGAATACAGAGATATGGAATCAGATTATTCAGGACAGGGAGTTGACCAA
CTGCAAAGAGTGATTGACACCATCAAAACCAACCCTGACGACAGAAGAATCATCATGTGC
GCTTGGAATCCAAGAGATCTTCCTCTGATGGCGCTGCCTCCATGCCATGCCCTCTGCCAG
TTCTATGTGGTGAACAGTGAGCTGTCCTGCCAGCTGTACCAGAGATCGGGAGACATGGGC
CTCGGTGTGCCTTTCAACATCGCCAGCTACGCCCTGCTCACGTACATGATTGCGCACATC
ACGGGCCTGAAGCCAGGTGACTTTATACACACTTTGGGAGATGCACATATTTACCTGAAT
CACATCGAGCCACTGAAAATTCAGCTTCAGCGAGAACCCAGACCTTTCCCAAAGCTCAGG
ATTCTTCGAAAAGTTGAGAAAATTGATGACTTCAAAGCTGAAGACTTTCAGATTGAAGGG
TACAATCCGCATCCAACTATTAAAATGGAAATGGCTGTTTAG
GenBank Gene IDX02308
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDTYMS
HGNC IDHGNC:12441
Chromosome Location18
Locus18p11.32
References
  1. Takeishi K, Kaneda S, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T: Nucleotide sequence of a functional cDNA for human thymidylate synthase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1985 Mar 25;13(6):2035-43. 2987839
  2. Kaneda S, Nalbantoglu J, Takeishi K, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T, Ayusawa D: Structural and functional analysis of the human thymidylate synthase gene. J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 25;265(33):20277-84. 2243092
  3. Hisatomi H, Tanemura H, Iizuka T, Katsumata K, Nagao K, Sumida H, Udagawa H, Hikiji K: Differential alternative splicing expressions of thymidylate synthase isoforms. Cancer Lett. 2003 Apr 25;193(2):127-31. 12706868
  4. Nusbaum C, Zody MC, Borowsky ML, Kamal M, Kodira CD, Taylor TD, Whittaker CA, Chang JL, Cuomo CA, Dewar K, FitzGerald MG, Yang X, Abouelleil A, Allen NR, Anderson S, Bloom T, Bugalter B, Butler J, Cook A, DeCaprio D, Engels R, Garber M, Gnirke A, Hafez N, Hall JL, Norman CH, Itoh T, Jaffe DB, Kuroki Y, Lehoczky J, Lui A, Macdonald P, Mauceli E, Mikkelsen TS, Naylor JW, Nicol R, Nguyen C, Noguchi H, O'Leary SB, O'Neill K, Piqani B, Smith CL, Talamas JA, Topham K, Totoki Y, Toyoda A, Wain HM, Young SK, Zeng Q, Zimmer AR, Fujiyama A, Hattori M, Birren BW, Sakaki Y, Lander ES: DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 18. Nature. 2005 Sep 22;437(7058):551-5. 16177791
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  6. Takeishi K, Kaneda S, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T: Human thymidylate synthase gene: isolation of phage clones which cover a functionally active gene and structural analysis of the region upstream from the translation initiation codon. J Biochem. 1989 Oct;106(4):575-83. 2532645
  7. Shimizu K, Ayusawa D, Takeishi K, Seno T: Purification and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of human thymidylate synthase in an overproducing transformant of mouse FM3A cells. J Biochem. 1985 Mar;97(3):845-50. 3839505
  8. Davisson VJ, Sirawaraporn W, Santi DV: Expression of human thymidylate synthase in Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 5;264(16):9145-8. 2656695
  9. Mayya V, Lundgren DH, Hwang SI, Rezaul K, Wu L, Eng JK, Rodionov V, Han DK: Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of T cell receptor signaling reveals system-wide modulation of protein-protein interactions. Sci Signal. 2009 Aug 18;2(84):ra46. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2000007. 19690332
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. 21269460
  11. Anderson DD, Quintero CM, Stover PJ: Identification of a de novo thymidylate biosynthesis pathway in mammalian mitochondria. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Sep 13;108(37):15163-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1103623108. Epub 2011 Aug 26. 21876188
  12. Van Damme P, Lasa M, Polevoda B, Gazquez C, Elosegui-Artola A, Kim DS, De Juan-Pardo E, Demeyer K, Hole K, Larrea E, Timmerman E, Prieto J, Arnesen T, Sherman F, Gevaert K, Aldabe R: N-terminal acetylome analyses and functional insights of the N-terminal acetyltransferase NatB. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 31;109(31):12449-54. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210303109. Epub 2012 Jul 18. 22814378
  13. Schiffer CA, Clifton IJ, Davisson VJ, Santi DV, Stroud RM: Crystal structure of human thymidylate synthase: a structural mechanism for guiding substrates into the active site. Biochemistry. 1995 Dec 19;34(50):16279-87. 8845352
  14. Phan J, Koli S, Minor W, Dunlap RB, Berger SH, Lebioda L: Human thymidylate synthase is in the closed conformation when complexed with dUMP and raltitrexed, an antifolate drug. Biochemistry. 2001 Feb 20;40(7):1897-902. 11329255
  15. Phan J, Steadman DJ, Koli S, Ding WC, Minor W, Dunlap RB, Berger SH, Lebioda L: Structure of human thymidylate synthase suggests advantages of chemotherapy with noncompetitive inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 27;276(17):14170-7. Epub 2001 Jan 24. 11278511