Tmic
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
NameTubulin beta chain
Synonyms
  • TUBB5
  • Tubulin beta-5 chain
Gene NameTUBB
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0009963|Tubulin beta chain
MREIVHIQAGQCGNQIGAKFWEVISDEHGIDPTGTYHGDSDLQLDRISVYYNEATGGKYV
PRAILVDLEPGTMDSVRSGPFGQIFRPDNFVFGQSGAGNNWAKGHYTEGAELVDSVLDVV
RKEAESCDCLQGFQLTHSLGGGTGSGMGTLLISKIREEYPDRIMNTFSVVPSPKVSDTVV
EPYNATLSVHQLVENTDETYCIDNEALYDICFRTLKLTTPTYGDLNHLVSATMSGVTTCL
RFPGQLNADLRKLAVNMVPFPRLHFFMPGFAPLTSRGSQQYRALTVPELTQQVFDAKNMM
AACDPRHGRYLTVAAVFRGRMSMKEVDEQMLNVQNKNSSYFVEWIPNNVKTAVCDIPPRG
LKMAVTFIGNSTAIQELFKRISEQFTAMFRRKAFLHWYTGEGMDEMEFTEAESNMNDLVS
EYQQYQDATAEEEEDFGEEAEEEA
Number of residues444
Molecular Weight49670.515
Theoretical pI4.52
GO Classification
Functions
  • structural constituent of cytoskeleton
  • MHC class I protein binding
  • ubiquitin protein ligase binding
  • structural molecule activity
  • GTP binding
  • GTPase activity
Processes
  • movement of cell or subcellular component
  • natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity
  • organelle organization
  • cell division
  • spindle assembly
  • cellular process
  • cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport
  • G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle
  • mitotic cell cycle
  • microtubule-based process
Components
  • cytoskeleton
  • microtubule
  • nucleus
  • cytosol
  • extracellular exosome
  • cell body
  • cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granule
  • nuclear envelope lumen
General FunctionUbiquitin protein ligase binding
Specific FunctionTubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID338695
UniProtKB IDP07437
UniProtKB Entry NameTBB5_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0009964|Tubulin beta chain (TUBB)
ATGGGAGATGTGGGGCCGAGGTGGGCGAATTGGGATCCCTCCAGGTCAGGGGTTCGAGAC
CATCCTGGGCAACAAAGCGAGACCCTCCCCCATGCCACGTTTCTACAAAAAATAAAATTC
TGGGAGGTGATCAGTGATGAACATGGCATCGACCCCACCGGCACCTACCACGGGGACAGC
GACCTGCAGCTGGACCGCATCTCTGTGTACTACAATGAAGCCACAGGTGGCAAATATGTT
CCTCGTGCCATCCTGGTGGATCTAGAACCTGGGACCATGGACTCTGTTCGCTCAGGTCCT
TTTGGCCAGATCTTTAGACCAGACAACTTTGTATTTGGTCAGTCTGGGGCAGGTAACAAC
TGGGCCAAAGGCCACTACACAGAGGGCGCCGAGCTGGTTGATTCTGTCCTGGATGTGGTA
CGGAAGGAGGCAGAGAGCTGTGACTGCCTGCAGGGCTTCCAGCTGACCCACTCACTGGGC
GGGGGCACAGGCTCTGGAATGGGCACTCTCCTTATCAGCAAGATCCGAGAAGAATACCCT
GATCGCATCATGAATACCTTCAGTGTGGTGCCTTCACCCAAAGTGTCTGACACCGTGGTC
GAGCCCTACAATGCCACCCTCTCCGTCCATCAGTTGGTAGAGAATACTGATGAGACCTAT
TGCATTGACAACGAGGCCCTCTATGATATCTGCTTCCGCACTCTGAAGCTGACCACACCA
ACCTACGGGGATCTGAACCACCTTGTCTCAGCCACCATGAGTGGTGTCACCACCTGCCTC
CGTTTCCCTGGCCAGCTCAATGCTGACCTCCGCAAGTTGGCAGTCAACATGGTCCCCTTC
CCACGTCTCCATTTCTTTATGCCTGGCTTTGCCCCTCTCACCAGCCGTGGAAGCCAGCAG
TATCGAGCTCTCACAGTGCCGGAACTCACCCAGCAGGTCTTCGATGCCAAGAACATGATG
GCTGCCTGTGACCCCCGCCACGGCCGATACCTCACCGTGGCTGCTGTCTTCCGTGGTCGG
ATGTCCATGAAGGAGGTCGATGAGCAGATGCTTAACGTGCAGAACAAGAACAGCAGCTAC
TTTGTGGAATGGATCCCCAACAATGTCAAGACAGCCGTCTGTGACATCCCACCTCGTGGC
CTCAAGATGGCAGTCACCTTCATTGGCAATAGCACAGCCATCCAGGAGCTCTTCAAGCGC
ATCTCGGAGCAGTTCACTGCCATGTTCCGCCGGAAGGCCTTCCTCCACTGGTACACAGGC
GAGGGCATGGACGAGATGGAGTTCACCGAGGCTGAGAGCAACATGAACGACCTCGTCTCT
GAGTATCAGCAGTACCAGGATGCCACCGCAGAAGAGGAGGAGGATTTCGGTGAGGAGGCC
GAAGAGGAGGCCTAA
GenBank Gene IDJ00314
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDTUBB
HGNC IDHGNC:20778
Chromosome Location6
Locus6p25
References
  1. Lee MG, Lewis SA, Wilde CD, Cowan NJ: Evolutionary history of a multigene family: an expressed human beta-tubulin gene and three processed pseudogenes. Cell. 1983 Jun;33(2):477-87. 6688039
  2. Hall JL, Dudley L, Dobner PR, Lewis SA, Cowan NJ: Identification of two human beta-tubulin isotypes. Mol Cell Biol. 1983 May;3(5):854-62. 6865944
  3. Crabtree DV, Ojima I, Geng X, Adler AJ: Tubulins in the primate retina: evidence that xanthophylls may be endogenous ligands for the paclitaxel-binding site. Bioorg Med Chem. 2001 Aug;9(8):1967-76. 11504633
  4. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  5. Rush J, Moritz A, Lee KA, Guo A, Goss VL, Spek EJ, Zhang H, Zha XM, Polakiewicz RD, Comb MJ: Immunoaffinity profiling of tyrosine phosphorylation in cancer cells. Nat Biotechnol. 2005 Jan;23(1):94-101. Epub 2004 Dec 12. 15592455
  6. Rogowski K, Juge F, van Dijk J, Wloga D, Strub JM, Levilliers N, Thomas D, Bre MH, Van Dorsselaer A, Gaertig J, Janke C: Evolutionary divergence of enzymatic mechanisms for posttranslational polyglycylation. Cell. 2009 Jun 12;137(6):1076-87. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.05.020. 19524510
  7. Choudhary C, Kumar C, Gnad F, Nielsen ML, Rehman M, Walther TC, Olsen JV, Mann M: Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions. Science. 2009 Aug 14;325(5942):834-40. doi: 10.1126/science.1175371. Epub 2009 Jul 16. 19608861
  8. Leandro-Garcia LJ, Leskela S, Landa I, Montero-Conde C, Lopez-Jimenez E, Leton R, Cascon A, Robledo M, Rodriguez-Antona C: Tumoral and tissue-specific expression of the major human beta-tubulin isotypes. Cytoskeleton (Hoboken). 2010 Apr;67(4):214-23. doi: 10.1002/cm.20436. 20191564
  9. Kinzel D, Boldt K, Davis EE, Burtscher I, Trumbach D, Diplas B, Attie-Bitach T, Wurst W, Katsanis N, Ueffing M, Lickert H: Pitchfork regulates primary cilia disassembly and left-right asymmetry. Dev Cell. 2010 Jul 20;19(1):66-77. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2010.06.005. 20643351
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. 21269460
  11. Li D, Dammer EB, Lucki NC, Sewer MB: cAMP-stimulated phosphorylation of diaphanous 1 regulates protein stability and interaction with binding partners in adrenocortical cells. Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Mar;24(6):848-57. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E12-08-0597. Epub 2013 Jan 16. 23325789
  12. Bian Y, Song C, Cheng K, Dong M, Wang F, Huang J, Sun D, Wang L, Ye M, Zou H: An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. J Proteomics. 2014 Jan 16;96:253-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.014. Epub 2013 Nov 22. 24275569
  13. Vaca Jacome AS, Rabilloud T, Schaeffer-Reiss C, Rompais M, Ayoub D, Lane L, Bairoch A, Van Dorsselaer A, Carapito C: N-terminome analysis of the human mitochondrial proteome. Proteomics. 2015 Jul;15(14):2519-24. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201400617. Epub 2015 Jun 8. 25944712
  14. Breuss M, Heng JI, Poirier K, Tian G, Jaglin XH, Qu Z, Braun A, Gstrein T, Ngo L, Haas M, Bahi-Buisson N, Moutard ML, Passemard S, Verloes A, Gressens P, Xie Y, Robson KJ, Rani DS, Thangaraj K, Clausen T, Chelly J, Cowan NJ, Keays DA: Mutations in the beta-tubulin gene TUBB5 cause microcephaly with structural brain abnormalities. Cell Rep. 2012 Dec 27;2(6):1554-62. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2012.11.017. Epub 2012 Dec 13. 23246003