Tmic
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
NameTrypsin-1
Synonyms
  • 3.4.21.4
  • Beta-trypsin
  • Cationic trypsinogen
  • Serine protease 1
  • TRP1
  • TRY1
  • TRYP1
  • Trypsin I
Gene NamePRSS1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0016543|Trypsin-1
MNPLLILTFVAAALAAPFDDDDKIVGGYNCEENSVPYQVSLNSGYHFCGGSLINEQWVVS
AGHCYKSRIQVRLGEHNIEVLEGNEQFINAAKIIRHPQYDRKTLNNDIMLIKLSSRAVIN
ARVSTISLPTAPPATGTKCLISGWGNTASSGADYPDELQCLDAPVLSQAKCEASYPGKIT
SNMFCVGFLEGGKDSCQGDSGGPVVCNGQLQGVVSWGDGCAQKNKPGVYTKVYNYVKWIK
NTIAANS
Number of residues247
Molecular Weight26557.88
Theoretical pI6.48
GO Classification
Functions
  • serine-type endopeptidase activity
  • metal ion binding
Processes
  • extracellular matrix disassembly
  • extracellular matrix organization
  • vitamin metabolic process
  • proteolysis
  • water-soluble vitamin metabolic process
  • cobalamin metabolic process
  • digestion
  • small molecule metabolic process
Components
  • extracellular exosome
  • blood microparticle
  • extracellular region
  • extracellular space
General FunctionSerine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific FunctionHas activity against the synthetic substrates Boc-Phe-Ser-Arg-Mec, Boc-Leu-Thr-Arg-Mec, Boc-Gln-Ala-Arg-Mec and Boc-Val-Pro-Arg-Mec. The single-chain form is more active than the two-chain form against all of these substrates.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID521216
UniProtKB IDP07477
UniProtKB Entry NameTRY1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationSecreted
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0016544|Trypsin-1 (PRSS1)
ATGAATCCACTCCTGATCCTTACCTTTGTGGCAGCTGCTCTTGCTGCCCCCTTTGATGAT
GATGACAAGATCGTTGGGGGCTACAACTGTGAGGAGAATTCTGTCCCCTACCAGGTGTCC
CTGAATTCTGGCTACCACTTCTGTGGTGGCTCCCTCATCAACGAACAGTGGGTGGTATCA
GCAGGCCACTGCTACAAGTCCCGCATCCAGGTGAGACTGGGAGAGCACAACATCGAAGTC
CTGGAGGGGAATGAGCAGTTCATCAATGCAGCCAAGATCATCCGCCACCCCCAATACGAC
AGGAAGACTCTGAACAATGACATCATGTTAATCAAGCTCTCCTCACGTGCAGTAATCAAC
GCCCGCGTGTCCACCATCTCTCTGCCCACCGCCCCTCCAGCCACTGGCACGAAGTGCCTC
ATCTCTGGCTGGGGCAACACTGCGAGCTCTGGCGCCGACTACCCAGACGAGCTGCAGTGC
CTGGATGCTCCTGTGCTGAGCCAGGCTAAGTGTGAAGCCTCCTACCCTGGAAAGATTACC
AGCAACATGTTCTGTGTGGGCTTCCTTGAGGGAGGCAAGGATTCATGTCAGGGTGATTCT
GGTGGCCCTGTGGTCTGCAATGGACAGCTCCAAGGAGTTGTCTCCTGGGGTGATGGCTGT
GCCCAGAAGAACAAGCCTGGAGTCTACACCAAGGTCTACAACTATGTGAAATGGATTAAG
AACACCATAGCTGCCAATAGCTAA
GenBank Gene IDM22612
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDPRSS1
HGNC IDHGNC:9475
Chromosome Location7
Locus7q32-qter|7q34
References
  1. Emi M, Nakamura Y, Ogawa M, Yamamoto T, Nishide T, Mori T, Matsubara K: Cloning, characterization and nucleotide sequences of two cDNAs encoding human pancreatic trypsinogens. Gene. 1986;41(2-3):305-10. 3011602
  2. Rowen L, Koop BF, Hood L: The complete 685-kilobase DNA sequence of the human beta T cell receptor locus. Science. 1996 Jun 21;272(5269):1755-62. 8650574
  3. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. 14702039
  4. Hillier LW, Fulton RS, Fulton LA, Graves TA, Pepin KH, Wagner-McPherson C, Layman D, Maas J, Jaeger S, Walker R, Wylie K, Sekhon M, Becker MC, O'Laughlin MD, Schaller ME, Fewell GA, Delehaunty KD, Miner TL, Nash WE, Cordes M, Du H, Sun H, Edwards J, Bradshaw-Cordum H, Ali J, Andrews S, Isak A, Vanbrunt A, Nguyen C, Du F, Lamar B, Courtney L, Kalicki J, Ozersky P, Bielicki L, Scott K, Holmes A, Harkins R, Harris A, Strong CM, Hou S, Tomlinson C, Dauphin-Kohlberg S, Kozlowicz-Reilly A, Leonard S, Rohlfing T, Rock SM, Tin-Wollam AM, Abbott A, Minx P, Maupin R, Strowmatt C, Latreille P, Miller N, Johnson D, Murray J, Woessner JP, Wendl MC, Yang SP, Schultz BR, Wallis JW, Spieth J, Bieri TA, Nelson JO, Berkowicz N, Wohldmann PE, Cook LL, Hickenbotham MT, Eldred J, Williams D, Bedell JA, Mardis ER, Clifton SW, Chissoe SL, Marra MA, Raymond C, Haugen E, Gillett W, Zhou Y, James R, Phelps K, Iadanoto S, Bubb K, Simms E, Levy R, Clendenning J, Kaul R, Kent WJ, Furey TS, Baertsch RA, Brent MR, Keibler E, Flicek P, Bork P, Suyama M, Bailey JA, Portnoy ME, Torrents D, Chinwalla AT, Gish WR, Eddy SR, McPherson JD, Olson MV, Eichler EE, Green ED, Waterston RH, Wilson RK: The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7. Nature. 2003 Jul 10;424(6945):157-64. 12853948
  5. Scherer SW, Cheung J, MacDonald JR, Osborne LR, Nakabayashi K, Herbrick JA, Carson AR, Parker-Katiraee L, Skaug J, Khaja R, Zhang J, Hudek AK, Li M, Haddad M, Duggan GE, Fernandez BA, Kanematsu E, Gentles S, Christopoulos CC, Choufani S, Kwasnicka D, Zheng XH, Lai Z, Nusskern D, Zhang Q, Gu Z, Lu F, Zeesman S, Nowaczyk MJ, Teshima I, Chitayat D, Shuman C, Weksberg R, Zackai EH, Grebe TA, Cox SR, Kirkpatrick SJ, Rahman N, Friedman JM, Heng HH, Pelicci PG, Lo-Coco F, Belloni E, Shaffer LG, Pober B, Morton CC, Gusella JF, Bruns GA, Korf BR, Quade BJ, Ligon AH, Ferguson H, Higgins AW, Leach NT, Herrick SR, Lemyre E, Farra CG, Kim HG, Summers AM, Gripp KW, Roberts W, Szatmari P, Winsor EJ, Grzeschik KH, Teebi A, Minassian BA, Kere J, Armengol L, Pujana MA, Estivill X, Wilson MD, Koop BF, Tosi S, Moore GE, Boright AP, Zlotorynski E, Kerem B, Kroisel PM, Petek E, Oscier DG, Mould SJ, Dohner H, Dohner K, Rommens JM, Vincent JB, Venter JC, Li PW, Mural RJ, Adams MD, Tsui LC: Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology. Science. 2003 May 2;300(5620):767-72. Epub 2003 Apr 10. 12690205
  6. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  7. Teich N, Ockenga J, Hoffmeister A, Manns M, Mossner J, Keim V: Chronic pancreatitis associated with an activation peptide mutation that facilitates trypsin activation. Gastroenterology. 2000 Aug;119(2):461-5. 10930381
  8. Koshikawa N, Yasumitsu H, Nagashima Y, Umeda M, Miyazaki K: Identification of one- and two-chain forms of trypsinogen 1 produced by a human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line. Biochem J. 1994 Oct 1;303 ( Pt 1):187-90. 7945238
  9. Kimland M, Russick C, Marks WH, Borgstrom A: Immunoreactive anionic and cationic trypsin in human serum. Clin Chim Acta. 1989 Sep 15;184(1):31-46. 2598466
  10. Whitcomb DC, Gorry MC, Preston RA, Furey W, Sossenheimer MJ, Ulrich CD, Martin SP, Gates LK Jr, Amann ST, Toskes PP, Liddle R, McGrath K, Uomo G, Post JC, Ehrlich GD: Hereditary pancreatitis is caused by a mutation in the cationic trypsinogen gene. Nat Genet. 1996 Oct;14(2):141-5. 8841182
  11. Teich N, Bauer N, Mossner J, Keim V: Mutational screening of patients with nonalcoholic chronic pancreatitis: identification of further trypsinogen variants. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002 Feb;97(2):341-6. 11866271
  12. Sahin-Toth M, Kukor Z, Nemoda Z: Human cationic trypsinogen is sulfated on Tyr154. FEBS J. 2006 Nov;273(22):5044-50. 17087724
  13. Szabo A, Salameh MA, Ludwig M, Radisky ES, Sahin-Toth M: Tyrosine sulfation of human trypsin steers S2' subsite selectivity towards basic amino acids. PLoS One. 2014 Jul 10;9(7):e102063. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102063. eCollection 2014. 25010489
  14. Gaboriaud C, Serre L, Guy-Crotte O, Forest E, Fontecilla-Camps JC: Crystal structure of human trypsin 1: unexpected phosphorylation of Tyr151. J Mol Biol. 1996 Jun 28;259(5):995-1010. 8683601
  15. Gorry MC, Gabbaizedeh D, Furey W, Gates LK Jr, Preston RA, Aston CE, Zhang Y, Ulrich C, Ehrlich GD, Whitcomb DC: Mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene are associated with recurrent acute and chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 1997 Oct;113(4):1063-8. 9322498
  16. Teich N, Mossner J, Keim V: Mutations of the cationic trypsinogen in hereditary pancreatitis. Hum Mutat. 1998;12(1):39-43. 9633818
  17. Witt H, Luck W, Becker M: A signal peptide cleavage site mutation in the cationic trypsinogen gene is strongly associated with chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 1999 Jul;117(1):7-10. 10381903
  18. Ferec C, Raguenes O, Salomon R, Roche C, Bernard JP, Guillot M, Quere I, Faure C, Mercier B, Audrezet MP, Guillausseau PJ, Dupont C, Munnich A, Bignon JD, Le Bodic L: Mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene and evidence for genetic heterogeneity in hereditary pancreatitis. J Med Genet. 1999 Mar;36(3):228-32. 10204851
  19. Chen JM, Raguenes O, Ferec C, Deprez PH, Verellen-Dumoulin C: A CGC>CAT gene conversion-like event resulting in the R122H mutation in the cationic trypsinogen gene and its implication in the genotyping of pancreatitis. J Med Genet. 2000 Nov;37(11):E36. 11073545
  20. Pfutzer R, Myers E, Applebaum-Shapiro S, Finch R, Ellis I, Neoptolemos J, Kant JA, Whitcomb DC: Novel cationic trypsinogen (PRSS1) N29T and R122C mutations cause autosomal dominant hereditary pancreatitis. Gut. 2002 Feb;50(2):271-2. 11788572
  21. Teich N, Le Marechal C, Kukor Z, Caca K, Witzigmann H, Chen JM, Toth M, Mossner J, Keim V, Ferec C, Sahin-Toth M: Interaction between trypsinogen isoforms in genetically determined pancreatitis: mutation E79K in cationic trypsin (PRSS1) causes increased transactivation of anionic trypsinogen (PRSS2). Hum Mutat. 2004 Jan;23(1):22-31. 14695529
  22. Teich N, Nemoda Z, Kohler H, Heinritz W, Mossner J, Keim V, Sahin-Toth M: Gene conversion between functional trypsinogen genes PRSS1 and PRSS2 associated with chronic pancreatitis in a six-year-old girl. Hum Mutat. 2005 Apr;25(4):343-7. 15776435
  23. Sjoblom T, Jones S, Wood LD, Parsons DW, Lin J, Barber TD, Mandelker D, Leary RJ, Ptak J, Silliman N, Szabo S, Buckhaults P, Farrell C, Meeh P, Markowitz SD, Willis J, Dawson D, Willson JK, Gazdar AF, Hartigan J, Wu L, Liu C, Parmigiani G, Park BH, Bachman KE, Papadopoulos N, Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, Velculescu VE: The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers. Science. 2006 Oct 13;314(5797):268-74. Epub 2006 Sep 7. 16959974