Canmetcon
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NameGlutathione S-transferase A2
Synonyms
  • 2.5.1.18
  • GST class-alpha member 2
  • GST HA subunit 2
  • GST-gamma
  • GST2
  • GSTA2-2
  • GTH2
Gene NameGSTA2
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0011580|Glutathione S-transferase A2
MAEKPKLHYSNIRGRMESIRWLLAAAGVEFEEKFIKSAEDLDKLRNDGYLMFQQVPMVEI
DGMKLVQTRAILNYIASKYNLYGKDIKEKALIDMYIEGIADLGEMILLLPFSQPEEQDAK
LALIQEKTKNRYFPAFEKVLKSHGQDYLVGNKLSRADIHLVELLYYVEELDSSLISSFPL
LKALKTRISNLPTVKKFLQPGSPRKPPMDEKSLEESRKIFRF
Number of residues222
Molecular Weight25663.675
Theoretical pI9.07
GO Classification
Functions
  • glutathione transferase activity
Processes
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • xenobiotic metabolic process
  • glutathione metabolic process
  • glutathione derivative biosynthetic process
  • epithelial cell differentiation
Components
  • cytosol
  • extracellular exosome
General FunctionGlutathione transferase activity
Specific FunctionConjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID306811
UniProtKB IDP09210
UniProtKB Entry NameGSTA2_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0011581|Glutathione S-transferase A2 (GSTA2)
ATGGCAGAGAAGCCCAAGCTCCACTACTCCAATATACGGGGCAGAATGGAGTCCATCCGG
TGGCTCCTGGCTGCAGCTGGAGTAGAGTTTGAAGAGAAATTTATAAAATCTGCAGAAGAT
TTGGACAAGTTAAGAAATGATGGATATTTGATGTTCCAGCAAGTGCCAATGGTTGAGATT
GATGGGATGAAGCTGGTGCAGACCAGAGCCATTCTCAACTACATTGCCAGCAAATACAAC
CTCTATGGGAAAGACATAAAGGAGAAAGCCCTGATTGATATGTATATAGAAGGTATAGCA
GATTTGGGTGAAATGATCCTTCTTCTGCCCTTTAGTCAACCTGAGGAACAAGATGCCAAG
CTTGCCTTGATCCAAGAGAAAACAAAAAATCGCTACTTCCCTGCCTTTGAAAAAGTCTTA
AAGAGCCACGGACAAGACTACCTTGTTGGCAACAAGCTGAGCCGGGCTGACATTCACCTG
GTGGAACTTCTCTACTACGTGGAAGAGCTTGACTCTAGCCTTATTTCCAGCTTCCCTCTG
CTGAAGGCCCTGAAAACCAGAATCAGTAACCTGCCCACAGTGAAGAAGTTTCTACAGCCT
GGCAGCCCAAGGAAGCCTCCCATGGATGAGAAATCTTTAGAAGAATCAAGGAAGATTTTC
AGGTTTTAA
GenBank Gene IDM16594
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDGSTA2
HGNC IDHGNC:4627
Chromosome Location6
Locus6p12.1
References
  1. Rhoads DM, Zarlengo RP, Tu CP: The basic glutathione S-transferases from human livers are products of separate genes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 May 29;145(1):474-81. 3036131
  2. Rohrdanz E, Nguyen T, Pickett CB: Isolation and characterization of the human glutathione S-transferase A2 subunit gene. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1992 Nov 1;298(2):747-52. 1329668
  3. Klone A, Hussnatter R, Sies H: Cloning, sequencing and characterization of the human alpha glutathione S-transferase gene corresponding to the cDNA clone pGTH2. Biochem J. 1992 Aug 1;285 ( Pt 3):925-8. 1497629
  4. Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, Edwards CA, Ashurst JL, Wilming L, Jones MC, Horton R, Hunt SE, Scott CE, Gilbert JG, Clamp ME, Bethel G, Milne S, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Andrews TD, Ashwell RI, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Banerjee R, Barker DJ, Barlow KF, Bates K, Beare DM, Beasley H, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bray-Allen S, Brook J, Brown AJ, Brown JY, Burford DC, Burrill W, Burton J, Carder C, Carter NP, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clark G, Clee CM, Clegg S, Cobley V, Collier RE, Collins JE, Colman LK, Corby NR, Coville GJ, Culley KM, Dhami P, Davies J, Dunn M, Earthrowl ME, Ellington AE, Evans KA, Faulkner L, Francis MD, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Ghori MJ, Gilby LM, Gillson CJ, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Grant M, Gribble S, Griffiths C, Griffiths M, Hall R, Halls KS, Hammond S, Harley JL, Hart EA, Heath PD, Heathcott R, Holmes SJ, Howden PJ, Howe KL, Howell GR, Huckle E, Humphray SJ, Humphries MD, Hunt AR, Johnson CM, Joy AA, Kay M, Keenan SJ, Kimberley AM, King A, Laird GK, Langford C, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Leversha M, Lloyd CR, Lloyd DM, Loveland JE, Lovell J, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Maslen GL, Matthews L, McCann OT, McLaren SJ, McLay K, McMurray A, Moore MJ, Mullikin JC, Niblett D, Nickerson T, Novik KL, Oliver K, Overton-Larty EK, Parker A, Patel R, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Phillimore B, Phillips S, Plumb RW, Porter KM, Ramsey Y, Ranby SA, Rice CM, Ross MT, Searle SM, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Skuce CD, Smith S, Smith M, Spraggon L, Squares SL, Steward CA, Sycamore N, Tamlyn-Hall G, Tester J, Theaker AJ, Thomas DW, Thorpe A, Tracey A, Tromans A, Tubby B, Wall M, Wallis JM, West AP, White SS, Whitehead SL, Whittaker H, Wild A, Willey DJ, Wilmer TE, Wood JM, Wray PW, Wyatt JC, Young L, Younger RM, Bentley DR, Coulson A, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Sulston JE, Dunham I, Rogers J, Beck S: The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6. Nature. 2003 Oct 23;425(6960):805-11. 14574404
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  6. Ahmad H, Singhal SS, Saxena M, Awasthi YC: Characterization of two novel subunits of the alpha-class glutathione S-transferases of human liver. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Feb 13;1161(2-3):333-6. 8431482
  7. Hayes JD, Kerr LA, Cronshaw AD: Evidence that glutathione S-transferases B1B1 and B2B2 are the products of separate genes and that their expression in human liver is subject to inter-individual variation. Molecular relationships between the B1 and B2 subunits and other Alpha class glutathione S-transferases. Biochem J. 1989 Dec 1;264(2):437-45. 2604726
  8. Zeng K, Rose JP, Chen HC, Strickland CL, Tu CP, Wang BC: A surface mutant (G82R) of a human alpha-glutathione S-transferase shows decreased thermal stability and a new mode of molecular association in the crystal. Proteins. 1994 Nov;20(3):259-63. 7892174
  9. Tars K, Olin B, Mannervik B: Structural basis for featuring of steroid isomerase activity in alpha class glutathione transferases. J Mol Biol. 2010 Mar 19;397(1):332-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.01.023. Epub 2010 Jan 18. 20083122
  10. Tetlow N, Liu D, Board P: Polymorphism of human Alpha class glutathione transferases. Pharmacogenetics. 2001 Oct;11(7):609-17. 11668220
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