Tmic
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NameGlutathione S-transferase Mu 1
Synonyms
  • 2.5.1.18
  • GST class-mu 1
  • GST HB subunit 4
  • GST1
  • GSTM1-1
  • GSTM1a-1a
  • GSTM1b-1b
  • GTH4
Gene NameGSTM1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0037080|Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1
MPMILGYWDIRGLAHAIRLLLEYTDSSYEEKKYTMGDAPDYDRSQWLNEKFKLGLDFPNL
PYLIDGAHKITQSNAILCYIARKHNLCGETEEEKIRVDILENQTMDNHMQLGMICYNPEF
EKLKPKYLEELPEKLKLYSEFLGKRPWFAGNKITFVDFLVYDVLDLHRIFEPKCLDAFPN
LKDFISRFEGLEKISAYMKSSRFLPRPVFSKMAVWGNK
Number of residues218
Molecular Weight25711.555
Theoretical pI6.67
GO Classification
Functions
  • glutathione transferase activity
  • enzyme binding
  • protein homodimerization activity
  • glutathione binding
Processes
  • xenobiotic catabolic process
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • xenobiotic metabolic process
  • glutathione metabolic process
  • glutathione derivative biosynthetic process
  • cellular detoxification of nitrogen compound
  • nitrobenzene metabolic process
Components
  • cytosol
  • cytoplasm
General FunctionProtein homodimerization activity
Specific FunctionConjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID31924
UniProtKB IDP09488
UniProtKB Entry NameGSTM1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0020484|Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1)
ATGCCCATGATACTGGGGTACTGGGACATCCGCGGGCTGGCCCACGCCATCCGCCTGCTC
CTGGAATACACAGACTCAAGCTATGAGGAAAAGAAGTACACGATGGGGGACGCTCCTGAT
TATGACAGAAGCCAGTGGCTGAATGAAAAATTCAAGCTGGGCCTGGACTTTCCCAATCTG
CCCTACTTGATTGATGGGGCTCACAAGATCACCCAGAGCAACGCCATCTTGTGCTACATT
GCCCGCAAGCACAACCTGTGTGGGGAGACAGAAGAGGAGAAGATTCGTGTGGACATTTTG
GAGAACCAGACCATGGACAACCATATGCAGCTGGGCATGATCTGCTACAATCCAGAATTT
GAGAAACTGAAGCCAAAGTACTTGGAGGAACTCCCTGAAAAGCTAAAGCTCTACTCAGAG
TTTCTGGGGAAGCGGCCATGGTTTGCAGGAAACAAGATCACTTTTGTAGATTTTCTCGTC
TATGATGTCCTTGACCTCCACCGTATATTTGAGCCCAAGTGCTTGGACGCCTTCCCAAAT
CTGAAGGACTTCATCTCCCGCTTTGAGGGCTTGGAGAAGATCTCTGCCTACATGAAGTCC
AGCCGCTTCCTCCCAAGACCTGTGTTCTCAAAGATGGCTGTCTGGGGCAACAAGTAG
GenBank Gene IDX08020
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDGSTM1
HGNC IDHGNC:4632
Chromosome Location1
Locus1p13.3
References
  1. DeJong JL, Chang CM, Whang-Peng J, Knutsen T, Tu CP: The human liver glutathione S-transferase gene superfamily: expression and chromosome mapping of an Hb subunit cDNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 1988 Sep 12;16(17):8541-54. 3419925
  2. Seidegard J, Vorachek WR, Pero RW, Pearson WR: Hereditary differences in the expression of the human glutathione transferase active on trans-stilbene oxide are due to a gene deletion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Oct;85(19):7293-7. 3174634
  3. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  4. Zhong S, Spurr NK, Hayes JD, Wolf CR: Deduced amino acid sequence, gene structure and chromosomal location of a novel human class Mu glutathione S-transferase, GSTM4. Biochem J. 1993 Apr 1;291 ( Pt 1):41-50. 8471052
  5. Mera N, Ohmori S, Itahashi K, Kiuchi M, Igarashi T, Rikihisa T, Kitada M: Immunochemical evidence for the occurrence of Mu class glutathione S-transferase in human fetal livers. J Biochem. 1994 Aug;116(2):315-20. 7822249
  6. Tsuchida S, Maki T, Sato K: Purification and characterization of glutathione transferases with an activity toward nitroglycerin from human aorta and heart. Multiplicity of the human class Mu forms. J Biol Chem. 1990 May 5;265(13):7150-7. 2110160
  7. Alin P, Mannervik B, Jornvall H: Structural evidence for three different types of glutathione transferase in human tissues. FEBS Lett. 1985 Mar 25;182(2):319-22. 3979555
  8. Mannervik B, Alin P, Guthenberg C, Jensson H, Tahir MK, Warholm M, Jornvall H: Identification of three classes of cytosolic glutathione transferase common to several mammalian species: correlation between structural data and enzymatic properties. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Nov;82(21):7202-6. 3864155
  9. Singhal SS, Ahmad H, Sharma R, Gupta S, Haque AK, Awasthi YC: Purification and characterization of human muscle glutathione S-transferases: evidence that glutathione S-transferase zeta corresponds to a locus distinct from GST1, GST2, and GST3. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1991 Feb 15;285(1):64-73. 1846734
  10. Singhal SS, Saxena M, Awasthi S, Ahmad H, Sharma R, Awasthi YC: Gender related differences in the expression and characteristics of glutathione S-transferases of human colon. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Nov 15;1171(1):19-26. 1420361
  11. Hubbard MJ, McHugh NJ: Human ERp29: isolation, primary structural characterisation and two-dimensional gel mapping. Electrophoresis. 2000 Nov;21(17):3785-96. 11271497
  12. Comstock KE, Sanderson BJ, Claflin G, Henner WD: GST1 gene deletion determined by polymerase chain reaction. Nucleic Acids Res. 1990 Jun 25;18(12):3670. 2362832
  13. Pearson WR, Vorachek WR, Xu SJ, Berger R, Hart I, Vannais D, Patterson D: Identification of class-mu glutathione transferase genes GSTM1-GSTM5 on human chromosome 1p13. Am J Hum Genet. 1993 Jul;53(1):220-33. 8317488
  14. Patskovsky YV, Patskovska LN, Listowsky I: Functions of His107 in the catalytic mechanism of human glutathione S-transferase hGSTM1a-1a. Biochemistry. 1999 Jan 26;38(4):1193-202. 9930979
  15. Patskovsky Y, Patskovska L, Almo SC, Listowsky I: Transition state model and mechanism of nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions catalyzed by human glutathione S-transferase M1a-1a. Biochemistry. 2006 Mar 28;45(12):3852-62. 16548513