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NameMicrotubule-associated protein tau
Synonyms
  • MAPTL
  • MTBT1
  • Neurofibrillary tangle protein
  • Paired helical filament-tau
  • PHF-tau
  • TAU
Gene NameMAPT
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0037237|Microtubule-associated protein tau
MAEPRQEFEVMEDHAGTYGLGDRKDQGGYTMHQDQEGDTDAGLKESPLQTPTEDGSEEPG
SETSDAKSTPTAEDVTAPLVDEGAPGKQAAAQPHTEIPEGTTAEEAGIGDTPSLEDEAAG
HVTQEPESGKVVQEGFLREPGPPGLSHQLMSGMPGAPLLPEGPREATRQPSGTGPEDTEG
GRHAPELLKHQLLGDLHQEGPPLKGAGGKERPGSKEEVDEDRDVDESSPQDSPPSKASPA
QDGRPPQTAAREATSIPGFPAEGAIPLPVDFLSKVSTEIPASEPDGPSVGRAKGQDAPLE
FTFHVEITPNVQKEQAHSEEHLGRAAFPGAPGEGPEARGPSLGEDTKEADLPEPSEKQPA
AAPRGKPVSRVPQLKARMVSKSKDGTGSDDKKAKTSTRSSAKTLKNRPCLSPKHPTPGSS
DPLIQPSSPAVCPEPPSSPKYVSSVTSRTGSSGAKEMKLKGADGKTKIATPRGAAPPGQK
GQANATRIPAKTPPAPKTPPSSGEPPKSGDRSGYSSPGSPGTPGSRSRTPSLPTPPTREP
KKVAVVRTPPKSPSSAKSRLQTAPVPMPDLKNVKSKIGSTENLKHQPGGGKVQIINKKLD
LSNVQSKCGSKDNIKHVPGGGSVQIVYKPVDLSKVTSKCGSLGNIHHKPGGGQVEVKSEK
LDFKDRVQSKIGSLDNITHVPGGGNKKIETHKLTFRENAKAKTDHGAEIVYKSPVVSGDT
SPRHLSNVSSTGSIDMVDSPQLATLADEVSASLAKQGL
Number of residues758
Molecular Weight78927.025
Theoretical pI6.69
GO Classification
Functions
  • structural constituent of cytoskeleton
  • enzyme binding
  • SH3 domain binding
  • microtubule binding
  • apolipoprotein binding
  • lipoprotein particle binding
Processes
  • programmed cell death
  • axon cargo transport
  • axon extension
  • brain development
  • response to nutrient
  • generation of neurons
  • adult walking behavior
  • mitochondrion transport along microtubule
  • negative regulation of intracellular transport
  • neuron migration
  • positive regulation of axon extension
  • response to organic substance
  • positive regulation of microtubule polymerization
  • cellular component disassembly involved in execution phase of apoptosis
  • regulation of autophagy
  • regulation of microtubule-based movement
  • microtubule cytoskeleton organization
  • regulation of microtubule polymerization
  • apoptotic process
  • intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stress
  • female pregnancy
Components
  • growth cone
  • plasma membrane
  • microtubule associated complex
  • axon
  • cytosol
  • nuclear periphery
  • dendrite
  • postsynaptic density
  • axoneme
  • neurofibrillary tangle
  • tubulin complex
  • cell body
  • microtubule
  • cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granule
General FunctionStructural constituent of cytoskeleton
Specific FunctionPromotes microtubule assembly and stability, and might be involved in the establishment and maintenance of neuronal polarity. The C-terminus binds axonal microtubules while the N-terminus binds neural plasma membrane components, suggesting that tau functions as a linker protein between both. Axonal polarity is predetermined by TAU/MAPT localization (in the neuronal cell) in the domain of the cell body defined by the centrosome. The short isoforms allow plasticity of the cytoskeleton whereas the longer isoforms may preferentially play a role in its stabilization.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDP10636
UniProtKB Entry NameTAU_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0012425|Microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT)
ATGGCTGAGCCCCGCCAGGAGTTCGAAGTGATGGAAGATCACGCTGGGACGTACGGGTTG
GGGGACAGGAAAGATCAGGGGGGCTACACCATGCACCAAGACCAAGAGGGTGACACGGAC
GCTGGCCTGAAAGAATCTCCCCTGCAGACCCCCACTGAGGACGGATCTGAGGAACCGGGC
TCTGAAACCTCTGATGCTAAGAGCACTCCAACAGCGGAAGATGTGACAGCACCCTTAGTG
GATGAGGGAGCTCCCGGCAAGCAGGCTGCCGCGCAGCCCCACACGGAGATCCCAGAAGGA
ACCACAGCTGAAGAAGCAGGCATTGGAGACACCCCCAGCCTGGAAGACGAAGCTGCTGGT
CACGTGACCCAAGAGCCTGAAAGTGGTAAGGTGGTCCAGGAAGGCTTCCTCCGAGAGCCA
GGCCCCCCAGGTCTGAGCCACCAGCTCATGTCCGGCATGCCTGGGGCTCCCCTCCTGCCT
GAGGGCCCCAGAGAGGCCACACGCCAACCTTCGGGGACAGGACCTGAGGACACAGAGGGC
GGCCGCCACGCCCCTGAGCTGCTCAAGCACCAGCTTCTAGGAGACCTGCACCAGGAGGGG
CCGCCGCTGAAGGGGGCAGGGGGCAAAGAGAGGCCGGGGAGCAAGGAGGAGGTGGATGAA
GACCGCGACGTCGATGAGTCCTCCCCCCAAGACTCCCCTCCCTCCAAGGCCTCCCCAGCC
CAAGATGGGCGGCCTCCCCAGACAGCCGCCAGAGAAGCCACCAGCATCCCAGGCTTCCCA
GCGGAGGGTGCCATCCCCCTCCCTGTGGATTTCCTCTCCAAAGTTTCCACAGAGATCCCA
GCCTCAGAGCCCGACGGGCCCAGTGTAGGGCGGGCCAAAGGGCAGGATGCCCCCCTGGAG
TTCACGTTTCACGTGGAAATCACACCCAACGTGCAGAAGGAGCAGGCGCACTCGGAGGAG
CATTTGGGAAGGGCTGCATTTCCAGGGGCCCCTGGAGAGGGGCCAGAGGCCCGGGGCCCC
TCTTTGGGAGAGGACACAAAAGAGGCTGACCTTCCAGAGCCCTCTGAAAAGCAGCCTGCT
GCTGCTCCGCGGGGGAAGCCCGTCAGCCGGGTCCCTCAACTCAAAGCTCGCATGGTCAGT
AAAAGCAAAGACGGGACTGGAAGCGATGACAAAAAAGCCAAGACATCCACACGTTCCTCT
GCTAAAACCTTGAAAAATAGGCCTTGCCTTAGCCCCAAACACCCCACTCCTGGTAGCTCA
GACCCTCTGATCCAACCCTCCAGCCCTGCTGTGTGCCCAGAGCCACCTTCCTCTCCTAAA
TACGTCTCTTCTGTCACTTCCCGAACTGGCAGTTCTGGAGCAAAGGAGATGAAACTCAAG
GGGGCTGATGGTAAAACGAAGATCGCCACACCGCGGGGAGCAGCCCCTCCAGGCCAGAAG
GGCCAGGCCAACGCCACCAGGATTCCAGCAAAAACCCCGCCCGCTCCAAAGACACCACCC
AGCTCTGCGACTAAGCAAGTCCAGAGAAGACCACCCCCTGCAGGGCCCAGATCTGAGAGA
GGTGAACCTCCAAAATCAGGGGATCGCAGCGGCTACAGCAGCCCCGGCTCCCCAGGCACT
CCCGGCAGCCGCTCCCGCACCCCGTCCCTTCCAACCCCACCCACCCGGGAGCCCAAGAAG
GTGGCAGTGGTCCGTACTCCACCCAAGTCGCCGTCTTCCGCCAAGAGCCGCCTGCAGACA
GCCCCCGTGCCCATGCCAGACCTGAAGAATGTCAAGTCCAAGATCGGCTCCACTGAGAAC
CTGAAGCACCAGCCGGGAGGCGGGAAGGTGCAGATAATTAATAAGAAGCTGGATCTTAGC
AACGTCCAGTCCAAGTGTGGCTCAAAGGATAATATCAAACACGTCCCGGGAGGCGGCAGT
GTGCAAATAGTCTACAAACCAGTTGACCTGAGCAAGGTGACCTCCAAGTGTGGCTCATTA
GGCAACATCCATCATAAACCAGGAGGTGGCCAGGTGGAAGTAAAATCTGAGAAGCTTGAC
TTCAAGGACAGAGTCCAGTCGAAGATTGGGTCCCTGGACAATATCACCCACGTCCCTGGC
GGAGGAAATAAAAAGATTGAAACCCACAAGCTGACCTTCCGCGAGAACGCCAAAGCCAAG
ACAGACCACGGGGCGGAGATCGTGTACAAGTCGCCAGTGGTGTCTGGGGACACGTCTCCA
CGGCATCTCAGCAATGTCTCCTCCACCGGCAGCATCGACATGGTAGACTCGCCCCAGCTC
GCCACGCTAGCTGACGAGGTGTCTGCCTCCCTGGCCAAGCAGGGTTTGTGA
GenBank Gene IDBN000503
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDMAPT
HGNC IDHGNC:6893
Chromosome Location17
LocusNot Available
References
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