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NameDNA topoisomerase 1
Synonyms
  • 5.99.1.2
  • DNA topoisomerase I
Gene NameTOP1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0001933|DNA topoisomerase 1
MSGDHLHNDSQIEADFRLNDSHKHKDKHKDREHRHKEHKKEKDREKSKHSNSEHKDSEKK
HKEKEKTKHKDGSSEKHKDKHKDRDKEKRKEEKVRASGDAKIKKEKENGFSSPPQIKDEP
EDDGYFVPPKEDIKPLKRPRDEDDADYKPKKIKTEDTKKEKKRKLEEEEDGKLKKPKNKD
KDKKVPEPDNKKKKPKKEEEQKWKWWEEERYPEGIKWKFLEHKGPVFAPPYEPLPENVKF
YYDGKVMKLSPKAEEVATFFAKMLDHEYTTKEIFRKNFFKDWRKEMTNEEKNIITNLSKC
DFTQMSQYFKAQTEARKQMSKEEKLKIKEENEKLLKEYGFCIMDNHKERIANFKIEPPGL
FRGRGNHPKMGMLKRRIMPEDIIINCSKDAKVPSPPPGHKWKEVRHDNKVTWLVSWTENI
QGSIKYIMLNPSSRIKGEKDWQKYETARRLKKCVDKIRNQYREDWKSKEMKVRQRAVALY
FIDKLALRAGNEKEEGETADTVGCCSLRVEHINLHPELDGQEYVVEFDFLGKDSIRYYNK
VPVEKRVFKNLQLFMENKQPEDDLFDRLNTGILNKHLQDLMEGLTAKVFRTYNASITLQQ
QLKELTAPDENIPAKILSYNRANRAVAILCNHQRAPPKTFEKSMMNLQTKIDAKKEQLAD
ARRDLKSAKADAKVMKDAKTKKVVESKKKAVQRLEEQLMKLEVQATDREENKQIALGTSK
LNYLDPRITVAWCKKWGVPIEKIYNKTQREKFAWAIDMADEDYEF
Number of residues765
Molecular Weight90725.19
Theoretical pI9.95
GO Classification
Functions
  • chromatin binding
  • poly(A) RNA binding
  • DNA topoisomerase type II (ATP-hydrolyzing) activity
  • DNA binding
  • DNA topoisomerase type I activity
  • core promoter sequence-specific DNA binding
Processes
  • phosphorylation
  • circadian rhythm
  • viral process
  • chromosome segregation
  • circadian regulation of gene expression
  • DNA replication
  • chromatin remodeling
  • DNA topological change
  • embryonic cleavage
  • response to drug
  • programmed cell death
Components
  • nucleolus
  • nucleoplasm
  • perikaryon
  • nucleus
  • cytoplasmic mRNA processing body
  • replication fork protection complex
General FunctionPoly(a) rna binding
Specific FunctionReleases the supercoiling and torsional tension of DNA introduced during the DNA replication and transcription by transiently cleaving and rejoining one strand of the DNA duplex. Introduces a single-strand break via transesterification at a target site in duplex DNA. The scissile phosphodiester is attacked by the catalytic tyrosine of the enzyme, resulting in the formation of a DNA-(3'-phosphotyrosyl)-enzyme intermediate and the expulsion of a 5'-OH DNA strand. The free DNA strand then undergoes passage around the unbroken strand thus removing DNA supercoils. Finally, in the religation step, the DNA 5'-OH attacks the covalent intermediate to expel the active-site tyrosine and restore the DNA phosphodiester backbone (By similarity). Regulates the alternative splicing of tissue factor (F3) pre-mRNA in endothelial cells. Involved in the circadian transcription of the core circadian clock component ARNTL/BMAL1 by altering the chromatin structure around the ROR response elements (ROREs) on the ARNTL/BMAL1 promoter.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID339806
UniProtKB IDP11387
UniProtKB Entry NameTOP1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationNucleus
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0016271|DNA topoisomerase 1 (TOP1)
ATGAGTGGGGACCACCTCCACAACGATTCCCAGATCGAAGCGGATTTCCGATTGAATGAT
TCTCATAAACACAAAGATAAACACAAAGATCGAGAACACCGGCACAAAGAACACAAGAAG
GAGAAGGACCGGGAAAAGTCCAAGCATAGCAACAGTGAACATAAAGATTCTGAAAAGAAA
CACAAAGAGAAGGAGAAGACCAAACACAAAGATGGAAGCTCAGAAAAGCATAAAGACAAA
CATAAAGACAGAGACAAGGAAAAACGAAAAGAGGAAAAGGTTCGAGCCTCTGGGGATGCA
AAAATAAAGAAGGAGAAGGAAAATGGCTTCTCTAGTCCACCACAAATTAAAGATGAACCT
GAAGATGATGGCTATTTTGTTCCTCCTAAAGAGGATATAAAGCCATTAAAGAGACCTCGA
GATGAGGATGATGCTGATTATAAACCTAAGAAAATTAAAACAGAAGATACCAAGAAGGAG
AAGAAAAGAAAACTAGAAGAAGAAGAGGATGGTAAATTGAAAAAACCCAAGAATAAAGAT
AAAGATAAAAAAGTTCCTGAGCCAGATAACAAGAAAAAGAAGCCGAAGAAAGAAGAGGAA
CAGAAGTGGAAATGGTGGGAAGAAGAGCGCTATCCTGAAGGCATCAAGTGGAAATTCCTA
GAACATAAAGGTCCAGTATTTGCCCCACCATATGAGCCTCTTCCAGAGAATGTCAAGTTT
TATTATGATGGTAAAGTCATGAAGCTGAGCCCCAAAGCAGAGGAAGTAGCTACGTTCTTT
GCAAAAATGCTCGACCATGAATATACTACCAAGGAAATATTTAGGAAAAATTTCTTTAAA
GACTGGAGAAAGGAAATGACTAATGAAGAGAAGAATATTATCACCAACCTAAGCAAATGT
GATTTTACCCAGATGAGCCAGTATTTCAAAGCCCAGACGGAAGCTCGGAAACAGATGAGC
AAGGAAGAGAAACTGAAAATCAAAGAGGAGAATGAAAAATTACTGAAAGAATATGGATTC
TGTATTATGGATAACCACAAAGAGAGGATTGCTAACTTCAAGATAGAGCCTCCTGGACTT
TTCCGTGGCCGCGGCAACCACCCCAAGATGGGCATGCTGAAGAGACGAATCATGCCCGAG
GATATAATCATCAACTGTAGCAAAGATGCCAAGGTTCCTTCTCCTCCTCCAGGACATAAG
TGGAAAGAAGTCCGGCATGATAACAAGGTTACTTGGCTGGTTTCCTGGACAGAGAACATC
CAAGGTTCCATTAAATACATCATGCTTAACCCTAGTTCACGAATCAAGGGTGAGAAGGAC
TGGCAGAAATACGAGACTGCTCGGCGGCTGAAAAAATGTGTGGACAAGATCCGGAACCAG
TATCGAGAAGACTGGAAGTCCAAAGAGATGAAAGTCCGGCAGAGAGCTGTAGCCCTGTAC
TTCATCGACAAGCTTGCTCTGAGAGCAGGCAATGAAAAGGAGGAAGGAGAAACAGCGGAC
ACTGTGGGCTGCTGCTCACTTCGTGTGGAGCACATCAATCTACACCCAGAGTTGGATGGT
CAGGAATATGTGGTAGAGTTTGACTTCCTCGGGAAGGACTCCATCAGATACTATAACAAG
GTCCCTGTTGAGAAACGAGTTTTTAAGAACCTACAACTATTTATGGAGAACAAGCAGCCC
GAGGATGATCTTTTTGATAGACTCAATACTGGTATTCTGAATAAGCATCTTCAGGATCTC
ATGGAGGGCTTGACAGCCAAGGTATTCCGTACATACAATGCCTCCATCACGCTACAGCAG
CAGCTAAAAGAACTGACAGCCCCGGATGAGAACATCCCAGCGAAGATCCTTTCTTATAAC
CGTGCCAATCGAGCTGTTGCAATTCTTTGTAACCATCAGAGGGCACCACCAAAAACTTTT
GAGAAGTCTATGATGAACTTGCAAACTAAGATTGATGCCAAGAAGGAACAGCTAGCAGAT
GCCCGGAGAGACCTGAAAAGTGCTAAGGCTGATGCCAAGGTCATGAAGGATGCAAAGACG
AAGAAGGTAGTAGAGTCAAAGAAGAAGGCTGTTCAGAGACTGGAGGAACAGTTGATGAAG
CTGGAAGTTCAAGCCACAGACCGAGAGGAAAATAAACAGATTGCCCTGGGAACCTCCAAA
CTCAATTATCTGGACCCTAGGATCACAGTGGCTTGGTGCAAGAAGTGGGGTGTCCCAATT
GAGAAGATTTACAACAAAACCCAGCGGGAGAAGTTTGCCTGGGCCATTGACATGGCTGAT
GAAGACTATGAGTTTTAG
GenBank Gene IDJ03250
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDTOP1
HGNC IDHGNC:11986
Chromosome Location20
Locus20q12-q13.1
References
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