You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
NameTyrosine aminotransferase
Synonyms
  • 2.6.1.5
  • L-tyrosine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
  • TAT
Gene NameTAT
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010483|Tyrosine aminotransferase
MDPYMIQMSSKGNLPSILDVHVNVGGRSSVPGKMKGRKARWSVRPSDMAKKTFNPIRAIV
DNMKVKPNPNKTMISLSIGDPTVFGNLPTDPEVTQAMKDALDSGKYNGYAPSIGFLSSRE
EIASYYHCPEAPLEAKDVILTSGCSQAIDLCLAVLANPGQNILVPRPGFSLYKTLAESMG
IEVKLYNLLPEKSWEIDLKQLEYLIDEKTACLIVNNPSNPCGSVFSKRHLQKILAVAARQ
CVPILADEIYGDMVFSDCKYEPLATLSTDVPILSCGGLAKRWLVPGWRLGWILIHDRRDI
FGNEIRDGLVKLSQRILGPCTIVQGALKSILCRTPGEFYHNTLSFLKSNADLCYGALAAI
PGLRPVRPSGAMYLMVGIEMEHFPEFENDVEFTERLVAEQSVHCLPATCFEYPNFIRVVI
TVPEVMMLEACSRIQEFCEQHYHCAEGSQEECDK
Number of residues454
Molecular Weight50398.895
Theoretical pI6.24
GO Classification
Functions
  • L-tyrosine
  • pyridoxal phosphate binding
  • amino acid binding
  • L-phenylalanine
Processes
  • tyrosine catabolic process
  • biosynthetic process
  • response to oxidative stress
  • cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • response to glucocorticoid
  • response to mercury ion
  • 2-oxoglutarate metabolic process
  • glutamate metabolic process
  • L-phenylalanine catabolic process
Components
  • mitochondrion
  • cytosol
General FunctionPyridoxal phosphate binding
Specific FunctionTransaminase involved in tyrosine breakdown. Converts tyrosine to p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate. Can catalyze the reverse reaction, using glutamic acid, with 2-oxoglutarate as cosubstrate (in vitro). Has much lower affinity and transaminase activity towards phenylalanine.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID36713
UniProtKB IDP17735
UniProtKB Entry NameATTY_HUMAN
Cellular LocationNot Available
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010484|Tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT)
ATGGACCCATACATGATTCAGATGAGCAGCAAAGGCAACCTCCCCTCAATTCTGGACGTG
CATGTCAACGTTGGTGGGAGAAGCTCTGTGCCGGGAAAAATGAAAGGCAGAAAGGCCAGG
TGGTCTGTGAGGCCCTCAGACATGGCCAAGAAAACTTTCAACCCCATCCGAGCCATTGTG
GACAACATGAAGGTGAAACCAAATCCAAACAAAACCATGATTTCCCTGTCCATTGGGGAC
CCTACTGTGTTTGGAAACCTGCCTACAGACCCTGAAGTTACCCAGGCAATGAAAGATGCC
CTGGACTCGGGCAAATATAATGGCTATGCCCCATCCATCGGCTTCCTATCCAGTCGGGAG
GAGATTGCTTCTTATTACCACTGTCCTGAGGCACCCCTAGAAGCTAAGGACGTCATTCTG
ACAAGTGGCTGCAGCCAAGCTATTGACCTTTGTTTAGCTGTGTTGGCCAACCCAGGGCAA
AACATCCTGGTTCCAAGACCTGGTTTCTCTCTCTACAAGACTCTGGCTGAGTCTATGGGA
ATTGAGGTCAAACTCTACAATTTGTTGCCAGAGAAATCTTGGGAAATTGACCTGAAACAA
CTGGAATATCTAATTGATGAAAAGACAGCTTGTCTCATTGTCAATAATCCATCAAACCCC
TGTGGGTCAGTGTTCAGCAAACGTCATCTTCAGAAGATTCTGGCAGTGGCTGCACGGCAG
TGTGTCCCCATCTTAGCTGATGAGATCTATGGAGACATGGTGTTTTCGGATTGCAAATAT
GAACCACTGGCCACCCTCAGCACCGATGTCCCCATCCTGTCCTGTGGAGGGCTGGCCAAG
CGCTGGCTGGTTCCTGGCTGGAGGTTGGGCTGGATCCTCATTCATGACCGAAGAGACATT
TTTGGCAATGAGATCCGAGATGGGCTGGTGAAGCTGAGTCAGCGCATTTTGGGACCCTGT
ACCATTGTCCAGGGAGCTCTGAAAAGCATCCTATGTCGCACCCCGGGAGAGTTTTACCAC
AACACTCTGAGCTTCCTCAAGTCCAATGCTGATCTCTGTTATGGGGCGTTGGCTGCCATC
CCTGGACTCCGGCCAGTCCGCCCTTCTGGGGCTATGTACCTCATGGTTGGAATTGAGATG
GAACATTTCCCAGAATTTGAGAACGATGTGGAGTTCACGGAGCGGTTAGTTGCTGAGCAG
TCTGTCCACTGCCTCCCAGCAACGTGCTTTGAGTACCCGAATTTCATCCGAGTGGTCATC
ACAGTCCCCGAGGTGATGATGCTGGAGGCGTGCAGCCGGATCCAGGAGTTCTGTGAGCAG
CACTACCATTGTGCTGAAGGCAGCCAGGAGGAGTGTGATAAATAG
GenBank Gene IDX52520
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDTAT
HGNC IDHGNC:11573
Chromosome Location16
Locus16q22.1
References
  1. Rettenmeier R, Natt E, Zentgraf H, Scherer G: Isolation and characterization of the human tyrosine aminotransferase gene. Nucleic Acids Res. 1990 Jul 11;18(13):3853-61. 1973834
  2. Zelenin SM, Mertvetsov NP: [Nucleotide sequence of the human tyrosine aminotransferase gene]. Bioorg Khim. 1994 Feb;20(2):196-204. 7908801
  3. Seralini GE, Luu-The V, Labrie F: Cloning and expression of human tyrosine aminotransferase cDNA. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 Jan 2;1260(1):97-101. 7999802
  4. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. 14702039
  5. Sivaraman S, Kirsch JF: The narrow substrate specificity of human tyrosine aminotransferase--the enzyme deficient in tyrosinemia type II. FEBS J. 2006 May;273(9):1920-9. 16640556
  6. Bian Y, Song C, Cheng K, Dong M, Wang F, Huang J, Sun D, Wang L, Ye M, Zou H: An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. J Proteomics. 2014 Jan 16;96:253-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.014. Epub 2013 Nov 22. 24275569
  7. Natt E, Kida K, Odievre M, Di Rocco M, Scherer G: Point mutations in the tyrosine aminotransferase gene in tyrosinemia type II. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Oct 1;89(19):9297-301. 1357662