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NameRibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large subunit
Synonyms
  • 1.17.4.1
  • Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase subunit M1
  • Ribonucleotide reductase large subunit
  • RR1
Gene NameRRM1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010086|Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large subunit
MHVIKRDGRQERVMFDKITSRIQKLCYGLNMDFVDPAQITMKVIQGLYSGVTTVELDTLA
AETAATLTTKHPDYAILAARIAVSNLHKETKKVFSDVMEDLYNYINPHNGKHSPMVAKST
LDIVLANKDRLNSAIIYDRDFSYNYFGFKTLERSYLLKINGKVAERPQHMLMRVSVGIHK
EDIDAAIETYNLLSERWFTHASPTLFNAGTNRPQLSSCFLLSMKDDSIEGIYDTLKQCAL
ISKSAGGIGVAVSCIRATGSYIAGTNGNSNGLVPMLRVYNNTARYVDQGGNKRPGAFAIY
LEPWHLDIFEFLDLKKNTGKEEQRARDLFFALWIPDLFMKRVETNQDWSLMCPNECPGLD
EVWGEEFEKLYASYEKQGRVRKVVKAQQLWYAIIESQTETGTPYMLYKDSCNRKSNQQNL
GTIKCSNLCTEIVEYTSKDEVAVCNLASLALNMYVTSEHTYDFKKLAEVTKVVVRNLNKI
IDINYYPVPEACLSNKRHRPIGIGVQGLADAFILMRYPFESAEAQLLNKQIFETIYYGAL
EASCDLAKEQGPYETYEGSPVSKGILQYDMWNVTPTDLWDWKVLKEKIAKYGIRNSLLIA
PMPTASTAQILGNNESIEPYTSNIYTRRVLSGEFQIVNPHLLKDLTERGLWHEEMKNQII
ACNGSIQSIPEIPDDLKQLYKTVWEISQKTVLKMAAERGAFIDQSQSLNIHIAEPNYGKL
TSMHFYGWKQGLKTGMYYLRTRPAANPIQFTLNKEKLKDKEKVSKEEEEKERNTAAMVCS
LENRDECLMCGS
Number of residues792
Molecular Weight90069.375
Theoretical pI7.16
GO Classification
Functions
  • ATP binding
  • ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase activity, thioredoxin disulfide as acceptor
Processes
  • deoxyribonucleotide biosynthetic process
  • nucleobase-containing small molecule interconversion
  • DNA replication
  • protein heterotetramerization
  • pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • response to ionizing radiation
  • retina development in camera-type eye
  • nucleobase-containing small molecule metabolic process
  • mitotic cell cycle
  • male gonad development
  • cell proliferation in forebrain
Components
  • cytoplasm
  • ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase complex
  • cytosol
  • extracellular exosome
  • nucleoplasm
  • nuclear envelope
  • neuronal cell body
  • cell projection
General FunctionRibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase activity, thioredoxin disulfide as acceptor
Specific FunctionProvides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID36065
UniProtKB IDP23921
UniProtKB Entry NameRIR1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010087|Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large subunit (RRM1)
ATGCATGTGATCAAGCGAGATGGCCGCCAAGAACGAGTCATGTTTGACAAAATTACATCT
CGAATCCAGAAGCTTTGTTATGGACTCAATATGGATTTTGTTGATCCTGCTCAGATCACC
ATGAAAGTAATCCAAGGCTTGTACAGTGGGGTCACCACAGTGGAACTAGATACTTTGGCT
GCTGAAACAGCTGCAACCTTGACTACTAAGCACCCTGACTATGCTATCCTGGCAGCCAGG
ATCGCTGTCTCTAACTTGCACAAAGAAACAAAGAAAGTGTTCAGTGATGTGATGGAAGAC
CTCTATAACTACATAAATCCACATAATGGCAAACACTCTCCCATGGTGGCCAAGTCAACA
TTGGATATTGTTCTGGCCAATAAAGATCGCCTGAATTCTGCTATTATCTATGACCGAGAT
TTCTCTTACAATTACTTCGGCTTTAAGACGCTAGAGCGGTCTTATTTGTTGAAGATCAAT
GGAAAAGTGGCTGAAAGACCACAACATATGTTGATGAGAGTATCTGTTGGGATCCACAAA
GAAGACATTGATGCAGCAATTGAAACATATAATCTTCTTTCTGAGAGGTGGTTTACTCAT
GCTTCGCCCACTCTCTTCAATGCTGGTACCAACCGCCCACAACTTTCTAGCTGTTTTCTT
CTGAGTATGAAAGATGACAGCATTGAAGGCATTTATGACACTCTAAAGCAATGTGCATTG
ATTTCTAAGTCTGCTGGAGGAATTGGTGTTGCTGTGAGTTGTATTCGGGCTACTGGCAGC
TACATTGCTGGGACTAATGGCAATTCCAATGGCCTTGTACCGATGCTGAGAGTATATAAC
AACACAGCTCGATATGTGGATCAAGGTGGGAACAAGCGTCCTGGGGCATTTGCTATTTAC
CTGGAGCCTTGGCATTTAGACATCTTTGAATTCCTTGATTTAAAGAAGAACACAGGAAAG
GAAGAGCAGCGTGCCAGAGATCTTTTCTTTGCTCTTTGGATTCCGGATCTCTTCATGAAA
CGAGTGGAGACTAATCAGGACTGGTCTTTGATGTGTCCAAATGAGTGTCCTGGTCTGGAT
GAGGTTTGGGGAGAGGAATTTGAGAAACTATATGCAAGTTATGAGAAACAAGGTCGTGTC
CGCAAAGTTGTAAAAGCTCAGCAGCTTTGGTATGCCATCATTGAGTCTCAGACGGAAACA
GGCACCCCGTATATGCTCTACAAAGATTCCTGTAATCGAAAGAGCAACCAGCAGAACCTG
GGAACCATCAAATGCAGCAACCTGTGCACAGAAATAGTGGAGTACACCAGCAAAGATGAG
GTTGCTGTTTGTAATTTGGCTTCCCTGGCCCTGAATATGTATGTCACATCAGAACACACA
TACGACTTTAAGAAGTTGGCTGAAGTCACTAAAGTCGTTGTCCGAAACTTGAATAAAATT
ATTGATATAAACTACTATCCTGTACCAGAGGCATGCCTATCAAATAAACGCCATCGCCCC
ATTGGAATTGGGGTACAAGGTCTGGCAGATGCTTTTATCCTGATGAGATACCCTTTTGAG
AGTGCAGAAGCCCAGTTACTGAATAAGCAGATCTTTGAAACTATTTATTATGGTGCTCTG
GAAGCCAGCTGTGACCTTGCCAAGGAGCAGGGCCCATACGAAACCTATGAGGGCTCTCCA
GTTAGCAAAGGAATTCTTCAGTATGATATGTGGAATGTTACTCCTACAGACCTATGGGAC
TGGAAGGTTCTCAAGGAGAAGATTGCAAAGTATGGTATAAGAAACAGTTTACTTATTGCC
CCGATGCCTACAGCTTCCACTGCTCAGATCCTGGGGAATAATGAGTCCATTGAACCTTAC
ACCAGCAACATCTATACTCGCAGAGTCTTGTCAGGAGAATTTCAGATTGTAAATCCTCAC
TTATTGAAAGATCTTACCGAGCGGGGCCTATGGCATGAAGAGATGAAAAACCAGATTATT
GCATGCAATGGCTCTATTCAGAGCATACCAGAAATTCCTGATGACCTGAAGCAACTTTAT
AAAACTGTGTGGGAAATCTCTCAGAAAACTGTTCTCAAGATGGCAGCTGAGAGAGGTGCT
TTCATTGATCAAAGCCAATCTTTGAACATCCACATTGCTGAGCCTAACTATGGCAAACTC
ACTAGTATGCACTTCTACGGCTGGAAGCAGGGTTTGAAGACTGGGATGTATTATTTAAGG
ACAAGACCAGCGGCTAATCCAATCCAGTTCACTCTAAATAAGGAGAAGCTAAAAGATAAA
GAAAAGGTATCAAAAGAGGAAGAAGAGAAGGAGAGGAACACAGCAGCCATGGTGTGCTCT
TTGGAGAATAGAGATGAATGTCTGATGTGTGGATCCTGA
GenBank Gene IDX59543
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDRRM1
HGNC IDHGNC:10451
Chromosome Location11
Locus11p15.5
References
  1. Parker NJ, Begley CG, Fox RM: Human M1 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase: cDNA sequence and expression in stimulated lymphocytes. Nucleic Acids Res. 1991 Jul 11;19(13):3741. 1840662
  2. Pavloff N, Rivard D, Masson S, Shen SH, Mes-Masson AM: Sequence analysis of the large and small subunits of human ribonucleotide reductase. DNA Seq. 1992;2(4):227-34. 1627826
  3. Bepler G, O'briant KC, Kim YC, Schreiber G, Pitterle DM: A 1.4-Mb high-resolution physical map and contig of chromosome segment 11p15.5 and genes in the LOH11A metastasis suppressor region. Genomics. 1999 Jan 15;55(2):164-75. 9933563
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  5. Parker NJ, Begley CG, Fox RM: Human R1 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase (RRM1): 5' flanking region of the gene. Genomics. 1994 Jan 1;19(1):91-6. 8188248
  6. Harrington JA, Spector T: Human ribonucleotide reductase. Activation and inhibition by analogs of ATP. Biochem Pharmacol. 1991 Jul 25;42(4):759-63. 1867633
  7. Xue L, Zhou B, Liu X, Qiu W, Jin Z, Yen Y: Wild-type p53 regulates human ribonucleotide reductase by protein-protein interaction with p53R2 as well as hRRM2 subunits. Cancer Res. 2003 Mar 1;63(5):980-6. 12615712
  8. Qiu W, Zhou B, Darwish D, Shao J, Yen Y: Characterization of enzymatic properties of human ribonucleotide reductase holoenzyme reconstituted in vitro from hRRM1, hRRM2, and p53R2 subunits. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Feb 10;340(2):428-34. Epub 2005 Dec 15. 16376858
  9. Choudhary C, Kumar C, Gnad F, Nielsen ML, Rehman M, Walther TC, Olsen JV, Mann M: Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions. Science. 2009 Aug 14;325(5942):834-40. doi: 10.1126/science.1175371. Epub 2009 Jul 16. 19608861
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. 21269460
  11. Arnaoutov A, Dasso M: Enzyme regulation. IRBIT is a novel regulator of ribonucleotide reductase in higher eukaryotes. Science. 2014 Sep 19;345(6203):1512-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1251550. 25237103
  12. Fairman JW, Wijerathna SR, Ahmad MF, Xu H, Nakano R, Jha S, Prendergast J, Welin RM, Flodin S, Roos A, Nordlund P, Li Z, Walz T, Dealwis CG: Structural basis for allosteric regulation of human ribonucleotide reductase by nucleotide-induced oligomerization. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011 Mar;18(3):316-22. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2007. Epub 2011 Feb 20. 21336276