Tmic
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NameMitogen-activated protein kinase 1
Synonyms
  • 2.7.11.24
  • ERK-2
  • ERK2
  • ERT1
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2
  • MAP kinase 1
  • MAP kinase 2
  • MAP kinase isoform p42
  • MAPK 2
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase 2
  • p42-MAPK
  • PRKM1
  • PRKM2
Gene NameMAPK1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0001838|Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1
MAAAAAAGAGPEMVRGQVFDVGPRYTNLSYIGEGAYGMVCSAYDNVNKVRVAIKKISPFE
HQTYCQRTLREIKILLRFRHENIIGINDIIRAPTIEQMKDVYIVQDLMETDLYKLLKTQH
LSNDHICYFLYQILRGLKYIHSANVLHRDLKPSNLLLNTTCDLKICDFGLARVADPDHDH
TGFLTEYVATRWYRAPEIMLNSKGYTKSIDIWSVGCILAEMLSNRPIFPGKHYLDQLNHI
LGILGSPSQEDLNCIINLKARNYLLSLPHKNKVPWNRLFPNADSKALDLLDKMLTFNPHK
RIEVEQALAHPYLEQYYDPSDEPIAEAPFKFDMELDDLPKEKLKELIFEETARFQPGYRS
Number of residues360
Molecular Weight41389.265
Theoretical pI6.99
GO Classification
Functions
  • ATP binding
  • protein serine/threonine kinase activity
  • DNA binding
  • MAP kinase activity
  • phosphatase binding
  • RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain kinase activity
Processes
  • viral process
  • response to exogenous dsRNA
  • epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • caveolin-mediated endocytosis
  • trachea formation
  • signal transduction
  • MAPK cascade
  • cell cycle
  • negative regulation of cell differentiation
  • positive regulation of telomerase activity
  • stress-activated MAPK cascade
  • Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis
  • cellular response to granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor stimulus
  • TRIF-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway
  • chemotaxis
  • response to toxic substance
  • positive regulation of telomere capping
  • long-term synaptic potentiation
  • toll-like receptor 10 signaling pathway
  • innate immune response
  • protein phosphorylation
  • cellular response to heat
  • response to stress
  • lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of telomere maintenance via telomerase
  • positive regulation of translation
  • toll-like receptor 2 signaling pathway
  • Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway
  • Ras protein signal transduction
  • cytosine metabolic process
  • platelet activation
  • regulation of cellular response to heat
  • regulation of stress-activated MAPK cascade
  • toll-like receptor 3 signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of cell migration
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • ERBB signaling pathway
  • transcription, DNA-templated
  • regulation of cytoskeleton organization
  • toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated
  • labyrinthine layer blood vessel development
  • lung morphogenesis
  • blood coagulation
  • activation of MAPK activity
  • regulation of early endosome to late endosome transport
  • ERK1 and ERK2 cascade
  • toll-like receptor 5 signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation
  • mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation
  • regulation of Golgi inheritance
  • peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation
  • JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway
  • B cell receptor signaling pathway
  • toll-like receptor 9 signaling pathway
  • activation of MAPKK activity
  • response to estrogen
  • MAPK import into nucleus
  • regulation of protein stability
  • T cell receptor signaling pathway
  • toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • apoptotic process
  • MyD88-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
  • axon guidance
  • peptidyl-serine phosphorylation
  • toll-like receptor TLR1
  • fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • small GTPase mediated signal transduction
  • sensory perception of pain
  • MyD88-independent toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • response to epidermal growth factor
  • cellular response to DNA damage stimulus
  • toll-like receptor TLR6
  • insulin receptor signaling pathway
  • synaptic transmission
  • positive regulation of peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation
Components
  • microtubule organizing center
  • cytoskeleton
  • focal adhesion
  • microtubule cytoskeleton
  • Golgi apparatus
  • dendrite cytoplasm
  • cytosol
  • pseudopodium
  • extracellular exosome
  • nucleus
  • nucleoplasm
  • late endosome
  • mitotic spindle
  • cytoplasm
  • perikaryon
  • axon
  • mitochondrion
  • early endosome
  • protein complex
  • caveola
General FunctionRna polymerase ii carboxy-terminal domain kinase activity
Specific FunctionSerine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1 are the 2 MAPKs which play an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade. They participate also in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Depending on the cellular context, the MAPK/ERK cascade mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. The MAPK/ERK cascade plays also a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. About 160 substrates have already been discovered for ERKs. Many of these substrates are localized in the nucleus, and seem to participate in the regulation of transcription upon stimulation. However, other substrates are found in the cytosol as well as in other cellular organelles, and those are responsible for processes such as translation, mitosis and apoptosis. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of the endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC); as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. The substrates include transcription factors (such as ATF2, BCL6, ELK1, ERF, FOS, HSF4 or SPZ1), cytoskeletal elements (such as CANX, CTTN, GJA1, MAP2, MAPT, PXN, SORBS3 or STMN1), regulators of apoptosis (such as BAD, BTG2, CASP9, DAPK1, IER3, MCL1 or PPARG), regulators of translation (such as EIF4EBP1) and a variety of other signaling-related molecules (like ARHGEF2, DCC, FRS2 or GRB10). Protein kinases (such as RAF1, RPS6KA1/RSK1, RPS6KA3/RSK2, RPS6KA2/RSK3, RPS6KA6/RSK4, SYK, MKNK1/MNK1, MKNK2/MNK2, RPS6KA5/MSK1, RPS6KA4/MSK2, MAPKAPK3 or MAPKAPK5) and phosphatases (such as DUSP1, DUSP4, DUSP6 or DUSP16) are other substrates which enable the propagation the MAPK/ERK signal to additional cytosolic and nuclear targets, thereby extending the specificity of the cascade. Mediates phosphorylation of TPR in respons to EGF stimulation. May play a role in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Phosphorylates PML and promotes its interaction with PIN1, leading to PML degradation.Acts as a transcriptional repressor. Binds to a [GC]AAA[GC] consensus sequence. Repress the expression of interferon gamma-induced genes. Seems to bind to the promoter of CCL5, DMP1, IFIH1, IFITM1, IRF7, IRF9, LAMP3, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3 and STAT1. Transcriptional activity is independent of kinase activity.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID182191
UniProtKB IDP28482
UniProtKB Entry NameMK01_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010648|Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1)
ATGGCGGCGGCGGCGGCGGCGGGCGCGGGCCCGGAGATGGTCCGCGGGCAGGTGTTCGAC
GTGGGGCCGCGCTACACCAACCTCTCGTACATCGGCGAGGGCGCCTACGGCATGGTGTGC
TCTGCTTATGATAATGTCAACAAAGTTCGAGTAGCTATCAAGAAAATCAGCCCCTTTGAG
CACCAGACCTACTGCCAGAGAACCCTGAGGGAGATAAAAATCTTACTGCGCTTCAGACAT
GAGAACATCATTGGAATCAATGACATTATTCGAGCACCAACCATCGAGCAAATGAAAGAT
GTATATATAGTACAGGACCTCATGGAAACAGATCTTTACAAGCTCTTGAAGACACAACAC
CTCAGCAATGACCATATCTGCTATTTTCTCTACCAGATCCTCAGAGGGTTAAAATATATC
CATTCAGCTAACGTTCTGCACCGTGACCTCAAGCCTTCCAACCTGCTGCTCAACACCACC
TGTGATCTCAAGATCTGTGACTTTGGCCTGGCCCGTGTTGCAGATCCAGACCATGATCAC
ACAGGGTTCCTGACAGAATATGTGGCCACACGTTGGTACAGGGCTCCAGAAATTATGTTG
AATTCCAAGGGCTACACCAAGTCCATTGATATTTGGTCTGTAGGCTGCATTCTGGCAGAA
ATGCTTTCTAACAGGCCCATCTTTCCAGGGAAGCATTATCTTGACCAGCTGAACCACATT
TTGGGTATTCTTGGATCCCCATCACAAGAAGACCTGAATTGTATAATAAATTTAAAAGCT
AGGAACTATTTGCTTTCTCTTCCACACAAAAATAAGGTGCCATGGAACAGGCTGTTCCCA
AATGCTGACTCCAAAGCTCTGGACTTATTGGACAAAATGTTGACATTCAACCCACACAAG
AGGATTGAAGTAGAACAGGCTCTGGCCCACCCATATCTGGAGCAGTATTACGACCCGAGT
GACGAGCCCATCGCCGAAGCACCATTCAAGTTCGACATGGAATTGGATGACTTGCCTAAG
GAAAAGCTCAAAGAACTAATTTTTGAAGAGACTGCTAGATTCCAGCCAGGATACAGATCT
TAA
GenBank Gene IDM84489
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDMAPK1
HGNC IDHGNC:6871
Chromosome Location22
Locus22q11.2|22q11.21
References
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