Tmic
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NameGlutathione S-transferase theta-1
Synonyms
  • 2.5.1.18
  • Glutathione transferase T1-1
  • GST class-theta-1
Gene NameGSTT1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0037084|Glutathione S-transferase theta-1
MGLELYLDLLSQPCRAVYIFAKKNDIPFELRIVDLIKGQHLSDAFAQVNPLKKVPALKDG
DFTLTESVAILLYLTRKYKVPDYWYPQDLQARARVDEYLAWQHTTLRRSCLRALWHKVMF
PVFLGEPVSPQTLAATLAELDVTLQLLEDKFLQNKAFLTGPHISLADLVAITELMHPVGA
GCQVFEGRPKLATWRQRVEAAVGEDLFQEAHEVILKAKDFPPADPTIKQKLMPWVLAMIR
Number of residues240
Molecular Weight27334.755
Theoretical pI7.6
GO Classification
Functions
  • glutathione peroxidase activity
  • glutathione transferase activity
Processes
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • oxidation-reduction process
  • xenobiotic metabolic process
  • glutathione metabolic process
  • glutathione derivative biosynthetic process
Components
  • cytosol
  • extracellular exosome
General FunctionGlutathione transferase activity
Specific FunctionConjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. Acts on 1,2-epoxy-3-(4-nitrophenoxy)propane, phenethylisothiocyanate 4-nitrobenzyl chloride and 4-nitrophenethyl bromide. Displays glutathione peroxidase activity with cumene hydroperoxide.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID510905
UniProtKB IDP30711
UniProtKB Entry NameGSTT1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010578|Glutathione S-transferase theta-1 (GSTT1)
ATGGGCCTGGAGCTGTACCTGGACCTGCTGTCCCAGCCCTGCCGCGCTGTTTACATCTTT
GCCAAGAAGAACGACATTCCCTTCGAGCTGCGCATCGTGGATCTGATTAAAGGTCAGCAC
TTAAGCGATGCCTTTGCCCAGGTGAACCCCCTCAAGAAGGTGCCAGCCTTGAAGGACGGG
GACTTCACCTTGACGGAGAGTGTGGCCATCCTGCTCTACCTGACGCGCAAATATAAGGTC
CCTGACTACTGGTACCCTCAGGACCTGCAGGCCCGTGCCCGTGTGGATGAGTACCTGGCA
TGGCAGCACACGACTCTGCGGAGAAGCTGCCTCCGGGCCTTGTGGCATAAGGTGATGTTC
CCTGTTTTCCTGGGTGAGCCAGTATCTCCCCAGACACTGGCAGCCACCCTGGCAGAGTTG
GATGTGACCCTGCAGTTGCTCGAGGACAAGTTCCTCCAGAACAAGGCCTTCCTTACTGGT
CCTCACATCTCCTTAGCTGACCTCGTAGCCATCACGGAGCTGATGCATCCCGTGGGTGCT
GGCTGCCAAGTCTTCGAAGGCCGACCCAAGCTGGCCACATGGCGGCAGCGCGTGGAGGCA
GCAGTGGGGGAGGACCTCTTCCAGGAGGCCCATGAGGTCATTCTGAAGGCCAAGGACTTC
CCACCTGCAGACCCCACCATAAAGCAGAAGCTGATGCCCTGGGTGCTGGCCATGATCCGG
TGA
GenBank Gene IDX79389
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDGSTT1
HGNC IDHGNC:4641
Chromosome Location22
Locus22q11.23
References
  1. Pemble S, Schroeder KR, Spencer SR, Meyer DJ, Hallier E, Bolt HM, Ketterer B, Taylor JB: Human glutathione S-transferase theta (GSTT1): cDNA cloning and the characterization of a genetic polymorphism. Biochem J. 1994 May 15;300 ( Pt 1):271-6. 8198545
  2. Jemth P, Mannervik B: Kinetic characterization of recombinant human glutathione transferase T1-1, a polymorphic detoxication enzyme. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1997 Dec 15;348(2):247-54. 9434735
  3. Sprenger R, Schlagenhaufer R, Kerb R, Bruhn C, Brockmoller J, Roots I, Brinkmann U: Characterization of the glutathione S-transferase GSTT1 deletion: discrimination of all genotypes by polymerase chain reaction indicates a trimodular genotype-phenotype correlation. Pharmacogenetics. 2000 Aug;10(6):557-65. 10975610
  4. Collins JE, Wright CL, Edwards CA, Davis MP, Grinham JA, Cole CG, Goward ME, Aguado B, Mallya M, Mokrab Y, Huckle EJ, Beare DM, Dunham I: A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome. Genome Biol. 2004;5(10):R84. Epub 2004 Sep 30. 15461802
  5. Dunham I, Shimizu N, Roe BA, Chissoe S, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, Bagguley C, Bailey J, Barlow K, Bates KN, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bridgeman AM, Buck D, Burgess J, Burrill WD, O'Brien KP, et al.: The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. Nature. 1999 Dec 2;402(6761):489-95. 10591208
  6. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  7. Meyer DJ, Coles B, Pemble SE, Gilmore KS, Fraser GM, Ketterer B: Theta, a new class of glutathione transferases purified from rat and man. Biochem J. 1991 Mar 1;274 ( Pt 2):409-14. 1848757
  8. Mainwaring GW, Williams SM, Foster JR, Tugwood J, Green T: The distribution of theta-class glutathione S-transferases in the liver and lung of mouse, rat and human. Biochem J. 1996 Aug 15;318 ( Pt 1):297-303. 8761485
  9. Shokeer A, Mannervik B: Residue 234 is a master switch of the alternative-substrate activity profile of human and rodent theta class glutathione transferase T1-1. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Apr;1800(4):466-73. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2010.01.003. Epub 2010 Jan 25. 20097269
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. 21269460
  11. Tars K, Larsson AK, Shokeer A, Olin B, Mannervik B, Kleywegt GJ: Structural basis of the suppressed catalytic activity of wild-type human glutathione transferase T1-1 compared to its W234R mutant. J Mol Biol. 2006 Jan 6;355(1):96-105. Epub 2005 Nov 8. 16298388