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NameDelta-type opioid receptor
Synonyms
  • D-OR-1
  • OPRD
Gene NameOPRD1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010290|Delta-type opioid receptor
MEPAPSAGAELQPPLFANASDAYPSACPSAGANASGPPGARSASSLALAIAITALYSAVC
AVGLLGNVLVMFGIVRYTKMKTATNIYIFNLALADALATSTLPFQSAKYLMETWPFGELL
CKAVLSIDYYNMFTSIFTLTMMSVDRYIAVCHPVKALDFRTPAKAKLINICIWVLASGVG
VPIMVMAVTRPRDGAVVCMLQFPSPSWYWDTVTKICVFLFAFVVPILIITVCYGLMLLRL
RSVRLLSGSKEKDRSLRRITRMVLVVVGAFVVCWAPIHIFVIVWTLVDIDRRDPLVVAAL
HLCIALGYANSSLNPVLYAFLDENFKRCFRQLCRKPCGRPDPSSFSRAREATARERVTAC
TPSDGPGGGAAA
Number of residues372
Molecular Weight40368.235
Theoretical pI9.17
GO Classification
Functions
  • enkephalin receptor activity
  • neuropeptide binding
  • opioid receptor activity
Processes
  • adult locomotory behavior
  • positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation
  • G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • cellular response to toxic substance
  • eating behavior
  • negative regulation of protein oligomerization
  • G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway, coupled to cyclic nucleotide second messenger
  • opioid receptor signaling pathway
  • adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of CREB transcription factor activity
  • regulation of calcium ion transport
  • protein import into nucleus, translocation
  • immune response
  • cellular response to hypoxia
  • regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential
  • negative regulation of gene expression
  • neuropeptide signaling pathway
  • regulation of sensory perception of pain
  • synaptic transmission
  • cellular response to growth factor stimulus
Components
  • integral component of plasma membrane
  • dendrite membrane
  • axon terminus
  • membrane raft
  • neuron projection
  • cytoplasm
  • postsynaptic membrane
  • intrinsic component of plasma membrane
  • plasma membrane
  • vesicle
General FunctionOpioid receptor activity
Specific FunctionG-protein coupled receptor that functions as receptor for endogenous enkephalins and for a subset of other opioids. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and modulates the activity of down-stream effectors, such as adenylate cyclase. Signaling leads to the inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity. Inhibits neurotransmitter release by reducing calcium ion currents and increasing potassium ion conductance. Plays a role in the perception of pain and in opiate-mediated analgesia. Plays a role in developing analgesic tolerance to morphine.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions48-75 86-110 123-144 164-186 207-238 262-284 300-321
GenBank Protein ID27545517
UniProtKB IDP41143
UniProtKB Entry NameOPRD_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCell membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010291|Delta-type opioid receptor (OPRD1)
ATGGAACCGGCCCCCTCCGCCGGCGCCGAGCTGCAGCCCCCGCTCTTCGCCAACGCCTCG
GACGCCTACCCTAGCGCCTGCCCCAGCGCTGGCGCCAATGCGTCGGGGCCGCCAGGCGCG
CGGAGCGCCTCGTCCCTCGCCCTGGCAATCGCCATCACCGCGCTCTACTCGGCCGTGTGC
GCCGTGGGGCTGCTGGGCAACGTGCTTGTCATGTTCGGCATCGTCCGGTACACTAAGATG
AAGACGGCCACCAACATCTACATCTTCAACCTGGCCTTAGCCGATGCGCTGGCCACCAGC
ACGCTGCCTTTCCAGAGTGCCAAGTACCTGATGGAGACGTGGCCCTTCGGCGAGCTGCTC
TGCAAGGCTGTGCTCTCCATCGACTACTACAATATGTTCACCAGCATCTTCACGCTCACC
ATGATGAGTGTTGACCGCTACATCGCTGTCTGCCACCCTGTCAAGGCCCTGGACTTCCGC
ACGCCTGCCAAGGCCAAGCTGATCAACATCTGTATCTGGGTCCTGGCCTCAGGCGTTGGC
GTGCCCATCATGGTCATGGCTGTGACCCGTCCCCGGGACGGGGCAGTGGTGTGCATGCTC
CAGTTCCCCAGCCCCAGCTGGTACTGGGACACGGTGACCAAGATCTGCGTGTTCCTCTTC
GCCTTCGTGGTGCCCATCCTCATCATCACCGTGTGCTATGGCCTCATGCTGCTGCGCCTG
CGCAGTGTGCGCCTGCTGTCGGGCTCCAAGGAGAAGGACCGCAGCCTGCGGCGCATCACG
CGCATGGTGCTGGTGGTTGTGGGCGCCTTCGTGGTGTGTTGGGCGCCCATCCACATCTTC
GTCATCGTCTGGACGCTGGTGGACATCGACCGGCGCGACCCGCTGGTGGTGGCTGCGCTG
CACCTGTGCATCGCGCTGGGCTACGCCAATAGCAGCCTCAACCCCGTGCTCTACGCTTTC
CTCGACGAGAACTTCAAGCGCTGCTTCCGCCAGCTCTGCCGCAAGCCCTGCGGCCGCCCA
GACCCCAGCAGCTTCAGCCGCGCCCGCGAAGCCACGGCCCGCGAGCGTGTCACCGCCTGC
ACCCCGTCCGATGGTCCCGGCGGTGGCGCTGCCGCCTGA
GenBank Gene IDU07882
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDOPRD1
HGNC IDHGNC:8153
Chromosome Location1
Locus1p36.1-p34.3
References
  1. Knapp RJ, Malatynska E, Fang L, Li X, Babin E, Nguyen M, Santoro G, Varga EV, Hruby VJ, Roeske WR, et al.: Identification of a human delta opioid receptor: cloning and expression. Life Sci. 1994;54(25):PL463-9. 8201839
  2. Simonin F, Befort K, Gaveriaux-Ruff C, Matthes H, Nappey V, Lannes B, Micheletti G, Kieffer B: The human delta-opioid receptor: genomic organization, cDNA cloning, functional expression, and distribution in human brain. Mol Pharmacol. 1994 Dec;46(6):1015-21. 7808419
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  4. Whistler JL, Enquist J, Marley A, Fong J, Gladher F, Tsuruda P, Murray SR, Von Zastrow M: Modulation of postendocytic sorting of G protein-coupled receptors. Science. 2002 Jul 26;297(5581):615-20. 12142540
  5. Simonin F, Karcher P, Boeuf JJ, Matifas A, Kieffer BL: Identification of a novel family of G protein-coupled receptor associated sorting proteins. J Neurochem. 2004 May;89(3):766-75. 15086532
  6. Leskela TT, Lackman JJ, Vierimaa MM, Kobayashi H, Bouvier M, Petaja-Repo UE: Cys-27 variant of human delta-opioid receptor modulates maturation and cell surface delivery of Phe-27 variant via heteromerization. J Biol Chem. 2012 Feb 10;287(7):5008-20. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.305656. Epub 2011 Dec 19. 22184124
  7. Agirregoitia E, Peralta L, Mendoza R, Exposito A, Ereno ED, Matorras R, Agirregoitia N: Expression and localization of opioid receptors during the maturation of human oocytes. Reprod Biomed Online. 2012 May;24(5):550-7. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2012.02.007. Epub 2012 Feb 22. 22417668
  8. Gelernter J, Kranzler HR: Variant detection at the delta opioid receptor (OPRD1) locus and population genetics of a novel variant affecting protein sequence. Hum Genet. 2000 Jul;107(1):86-8. 10982041
  9. Decaillot FM, Befort K, Filliol D, Yue S, Walker P, Kieffer BL: Opioid receptor random mutagenesis reveals a mechanism for G protein-coupled receptor activation. Nat Struct Biol. 2003 Aug;10(8):629-36. 12847517