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NameMitogen-activated protein kinase 12
Synonyms
  • 2.7.11.24
  • ERK-6
  • ERK6
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 6
  • MAP kinase 12
  • MAP kinase p38 gamma
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 gamma
  • SAPK3
  • Stress-activated protein kinase 3
Gene NameMAPK12
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0005465|Mitogen-activated protein kinase 12
MSSPPPARSGFYRQEVTKTAWEVRAVYRDLQPVGSGAYGAVCSAVDGRTGAKVAIKKLYR
PFQSELFAKRAYRELRLLKHMRHENVIGLLDVFTPDETLDDFTDFYLVMPFMGTDLGKLM
KHEKLGEDRIQFLVYQMLKGLRYIHAAGIIHRDLKPGNLAVNEDCELKILDFGLARQADS
EMTGYVVTRWYRAPEVILNWMRYTQTVDIWSVGCIMAEMITGKTLFKGSDHLDQLKEIMK
VTGTPPAEFVQRLQSDEAKNYMKGLPELEKKDFASILTNASPLAVNLLEKMLVLDAEQRV
TAGEALAHPYFESLHDTEDEPQVQKYDDSFDDVDRTLDEWKRVTYKEVLSFKPPRQLGAR
VSKETPL
Number of residues367
Molecular Weight41939.84
Theoretical pI6.33
GO Classification
Functions
  • ATP binding
  • protein serine/threonine kinase activity
  • MAP kinase activity
  • magnesium ion binding
Processes
  • positive regulation of muscle cell differentiation
  • regulation of transcription, DNA-templated
  • MAPK cascade
  • neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway
  • Ras protein signal transduction
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • signal transduction
  • organelle organization
  • mitochondrion organization
  • transcription, DNA-templated
  • peptidyl-serine phosphorylation
  • cell cycle arrest
  • muscle organ development
  • positive regulation of peptidase activity
  • myoblast differentiation
  • DNA damage induced protein phosphorylation
  • muscle cell differentiation
Components
  • cytoplasm
  • mitochondrion
  • cytosol
  • nucleoplasm
General FunctionProtein serine/threonine kinase activity
Specific FunctionSerine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK12 is one of the four p38 MAPKs which play an important role in the cascades of cellular responses evoked by extracellular stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines or physical stress leading to direct activation of transcription factors such as ELK1 and ATF2. Accordingly, p38 MAPKs phosphorylate a broad range of proteins and it has been estimated that they may have approximately 200 to 300 substrates each. Some of the targets are downstream kinases such as MAPKAPK2, which are activated through phosphorylation and further phosphorylate additional targets. Plays a role in myoblast differentiation and also in the down-regulation of cyclin D1 in response to hypoxia in adrenal cells suggesting MAPK12 may inhibit cell proliferation while promoting differentiation. Phosphorylates DLG1. Following osmotic shock, MAPK12 in the cell nucleus increases its association with nuclear DLG1, thereby causing dissociation of DLG1-SFPQ complexes. This function is independent of its catalytic activity and could affect mRNA processing and/or gene transcription to aid cell adaptation to osmolarity changes in the environment. Regulates UV-induced checkpoint signaling and repair of UV-induced DNA damage and G2 arrest after gamma-radiation exposure. MAPK12 is involved in the regulation of SLC2A1 expression and basal glucose uptake in L6 myotubes; and negatively regulates SLC2A4 expression and contraction-mediated glucose uptake in adult skeletal muscle. C-Jun (JUN) phosphorylation is stimulated by MAPK14 and inhibited by MAPK12, leading to a distinct AP-1 regulation. MAPK12 is required for the normal kinetochore localization of PLK1, prevents chromosomal instability and supports mitotic cell viability. MAPK12-signaling is also positively regulating the expansion of transient amplifying myogenic precursor cells during muscle growth and regeneration.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDP53778
UniProtKB Entry NameMK12_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0021343|Mitogen-activated protein kinase 12 (MAPK12)
ATGAGCTCTCCGCCGCCCGCCCGCAGTGGCTTTTACCGCCAGGAGGTGACCAAGACGGCC
TGGGAGGTGCGCGCCGTGTACCGGGACCTGCAGCCCGTGGGCTCGGGCGCCTACGGCGCG
GTGTGCTCGGCCGTGGACGGCCGCACCGGCGCTAAGGTGGCCATCAAGAAGCTGTATCGG
CCTTTCCAGTCCGAGCTGTTCGCCAAGCGCGCCTACCGCGAGCTGCGCCTGCTCAAGCAC
ATGCGCCACGAGAACGTGATCGGGCTGCTGGACGTATTCACTCCTGATGAGACCCTGGAT
GACTTCACGGACTTTTACCTGGTGATGCCGTTCATGGGCACCGACCTGGGCAAGCTCATG
AAACATGAGAAGCTAGGCGAGGACCGGATCCAGTTCCTCGTGTACCAGATGCTGAAGGGG
CTGAGGGACCTGAAGCCCGGCAACCTGGCTGTGAACGAAGACTGTGAGCTGAAGATCCTG
GACTTCGGCCTGGCCAGGCAGGCAGACAGTGAGATGACTGGGTACGTGGTGACCCGGTGG
TACCGGGCTCCCGAGGTCATCTTGAATTGGATGCGCTACACGCAGACGGTGGACATCTGG
TCTGTGGGCTGCATCATGGCGGAGATGATCACAGGCAAGACGCTGTTCAAGGGCAGCGAC
CACCTGGACCAGCTGAAGGAGATCATGAAGGTGACGGGGACGCCTCCGGCTGAGTTTGTG
CAGCGGCTGCAGAGCGATGAGGCCAAGAACTACATGAAGGGCCTCCCCGAATTGGAGAAG
AAGGATTTTGCCTCTATCCTGACCAATGCAAGCCCTCTGGCTGTGAACCTCCTGGAGAAG
ATGCTGGTGCTGGACGCGGAGCAGCGGGTGACGGCAGGCGAGGCGCTGGCCCATCCCTAC
TTCGAGTCCCTGCACGACACGGAAGATGAGCCCCAGGTCCAGAAGTATGATGACTCCTTT
GACGACGTTGACCGCACACTGGATGAATGGAAGCGTGTTACTTACAAAGAGGTGCTCAGC
TTCAAGCCTCCCCGGCAGCTGGGGGCCAGGGTCTCCAAGGAGACGCCTCTGTGA
GenBank Gene IDX79483
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDMAPK12
HGNC IDHGNC:6874
Chromosome Location22
Locus22q13.33
References
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