Tmic
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NameTubulin alpha-1B chain
Synonyms
  • Alpha-tubulin ubiquitous
  • Tubulin alpha-ubiquitous chain
  • Tubulin K-alpha-1
Gene NameTUBA1B
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0002537|Tubulin alpha-1B chain
MRECISIHVGQAGVQIGNACWELYCLEHGIQPDGQMPSDKTIGGGDDSFNTFFSETGAGK
HVPRAVFVDLEPTVIDEVRTGTYRQLFHPEQLITGKEDAANNYARGHYTIGKEIIDLVLD
RIRKLADQCTGLQGFLVFHSFGGGTGSGFTSLLMERLSVDYGKKSKLEFSIYPAPQVSTA
VVEPYNSILTTHTTLEHSDCAFMVDNEAIYDICRRNLDIERPTYTNLNRLISQIVSSITA
SLRFDGALNVDLTEFQTNLVPYPRIHFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQLSVAEITNACFEPAN
QMVKCDPRHGKYMACCLLYRGDVVPKDVNAAIATIKTKRSIQFVDWCPTGFKVGINYQPP
TVVPGGDLAKVQRAVCMLSNTTAIAEAWARLDHKFDLMYAKRAFVHWYVGEGMEEGEFSE
AREDMAALEKDYEEVGVDSVEGEGEEEGEEY
Number of residues451
Molecular Weight50151.24
Theoretical pI4.7
GO Classification
Functions
  • double-stranded RNA binding
  • structural constituent of cytoskeleton
  • ubiquitin protein ligase binding
  • structural molecule activity
  • GTP binding
  • GTPase activity
Processes
  • protein folding
  • cell division
  • 'de novo' posttranslational protein folding
  • cellular protein metabolic process
  • cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport
  • cellular response to interleukin-4
  • microtubule cytoskeleton organization
  • microtubule-based process
Components
  • extracellular exosome
  • myelin sheath
  • cytoplasmic microtubule
  • microtubule
General FunctionUbiquitin protein ligase binding
Specific FunctionTubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID340021
UniProtKB IDP68363
UniProtKB Entry NameTBA1B_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0019094|Tubulin alpha-1B chain (TUBA1B)
ATGCGTGAGTGCATCTCCATCCACGTTGGCCAGGCTGGTGTCCAGATTGGCAATGCCTGC
TGGGAGCTCTACTGCCTGGAACACGGCATCCAGCCCGATGGCCAGATGCCAAGTGACAAG
ACCATTGGGGGAGGAGATGACTCCTTCAACACCTTCTTCAGTGAGACGGGCGCTGGCAAG
CACGTGCCCCGGGCTGTGTTTGTAGACTTGGAACCCACAGTCATTGATGAAGTTCGCACT
GGCACCTACCGCCAGCTCTTCCACCCTGAGCAGCTCATCACAGGCAAGGAAGATGCTGCC
AATAACTATGCCCGAGGGCACTACACCATTGGCAAGGAGATCATTGACCTTGTGTTGGAC
CGAATTCGCAAGCTGGCTGACCAGTGCACCGGTCTTCAGGGCTTCTTGGTTTTCCACAGC
TTTGGTGGGGGAACTGGTTCTGGGTTCACCTCCCTGCTCATGGAACGTCTCTCAGTTGAT
TATGGCAAGAAGTCCAAGCTGGAGTTCTCCATTTACCCAGCACCCCAGGTTTCCACAGCT
GTAGTTGAGCCCTACAACTCCATCCTCACCACCCACACCACCCTGGAGCACTCTGATTGT
GCCTTCATGGTAGACAATGAGGCCATCTATGACATCTGTCGTAGAAACCTCGATATCGAG
CGCCCAACCTACACTAACCTTAACCGCCTTATTAGCCAGATTGTGTCCTCCATCACTGCT
TCCCTGAGATTTGATGGAGCCCTGAATGTTGACCTGACAGAATTCCAGACCAACCTGGTG
CCCTACCCCCGCATCCACTTCCCTCTGGCCACATATGCCCCTGTCATCTCTGCTGAGAAA
GCCTACCATGAACAGCTTTCTGTAGCAGAGATCACCAATGCTTGCTTTGAGCCAGCCAAC
CAGATGGTGAAATGTGACCCTCGCCATGGTAAATACATGGCTTGCTGCCTGTTGTACCGT
GGTGACGTGGTTCCCAAAGATGTCAATGCTGCCATTGCCACCATCAAAACCAAGCGCAGC
ATCCAGTTTGTGGATTGGTGCCCCACTGGCTTCAAGGTTGGCATCAACTACCAGCCTCCC
ACTGTGGTGCCTGGTGGAGACCTGGCCAAGGTACAGAGAGCTGTGTGCATGCTGAGCAAC
ACCACAGCCATTGCTGAGGCCTGGGCTCGCCTGGACCACAAGTTTGACCTGATGTATGCC
AAGCGTGCCTTTGTTCACTGGTACGTGGGTGAGGGGATGGAGGAAGGCGAGTTTTCAGAG
GCCCGTGAAGATATGGCTGCCCTTGAGAAGGATTATGAGGAGGTTGGTGTGGATTCTGTT
GAAGGAGAGGGTGAGGAAGAAGGAGAGGAATACTAA
GenBank Gene IDK00558
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDTUBA1B
HGNC IDHGNC:18809
Chromosome Location12
LocusNot Available
References
  1. Cowan NJ, Dobner PR, Fuchs EV, Cleveland DW: Expression of human alpha-tubulin genes: interspecies conservation of 3' untranslated regions. Mol Cell Biol. 1983 Oct;3(10):1738-45. 6646120
  2. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  3. Baumann MH, Wisniewski T, Levy E, Plant GT, Ghiso J: C-terminal fragments of alpha- and beta-tubulin form amyloid fibrils in vitro and associate with amyloid deposits of familial cerebral amyloid angiopathy, British type. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Feb 6;219(1):238-42. 8619814
  4. Rogowski K, Juge F, van Dijk J, Wloga D, Strub JM, Levilliers N, Thomas D, Bre MH, Van Dorsselaer A, Gaertig J, Janke C: Evolutionary divergence of enzymatic mechanisms for posttranslational polyglycylation. Cell. 2009 Jun 12;137(6):1076-87. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.05.020. 19524510
  5. Vaca Jacome AS, Rabilloud T, Schaeffer-Reiss C, Rompais M, Ayoub D, Lane L, Bairoch A, Van Dorsselaer A, Carapito C: N-terminome analysis of the human mitochondrial proteome. Proteomics. 2015 Jul;15(14):2519-24. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201400617. Epub 2015 Jun 8. 25944712
  6. Mishima M, Maesaki R, Kasa M, Watanabe T, Fukata M, Kaibuchi K, Hakoshima T: Structural basis for tubulin recognition by cytoplasmic linker protein 170 and its autoinhibition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jun 19;104(25):10346-51. Epub 2007 Jun 11. 17563362