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NameFocal adhesion kinase 1
Synonyms
  • 2.7.10.2
  • FADK 1
  • FAK
  • FAK1
  • Focal adhesion kinase-related nonkinase
  • FRNK
  • p125FAK
  • pp125FAK
  • PPP1R71
  • Protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 71
  • Protein-tyrosine kinase 2
Gene NamePTK2
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0006032|Focal adhesion kinase 1
MAAAYLDPNLNHTPNSSTKTHLGTGMERSPGAMERVLKVFHYFESNSEPTTWASIIRHGD
ATDVRGIIQKIVDSHKVKHVACYGFRLSHLRSEEVHWLHVDMGVSSVREKYELAHPPEEW
KYELRIRYLPKGFLNQFTEDKPTLNFFYQQVKSDYMLEIADQVDQEIALKLGCLEIRRSY
WEMRGNALEKKSNYEVLEKDVGLKRFFPKSLLDSVKAKTLRKLIQQTFRQFANLNREESI
LKFFEILSPVYRFDKECFKCALGSSWIISVELAIGPEEGISYLTDKGCNPTHLADFTQVQ
TIQYSNSEDKDRKGMLQLKIAGAPEPLTVTAPSLTIAENMADLIDGYCRLVNGTSQSFII
RPQKEGERALPSIPKLANSEKQGMRTHAVSVSETDDYAEIIDEEDTYTMPSTRDYEIQRE
RIELGRCIGEGQFGDVHQGIYMSPENPALAVAIKTCKNCTSDSVREKFLQEALTMRQFDH
PHIVKLIGVITENPVWIIMELCTLGELRSFLQVRKYSLDLASLILYAYQLSTALAYLESK
RFVHRDIAARNVLVSSNDCVKLGDFGLSRYMEDSTYYKASKGKLPIKWMAPESINFRRFT
SASDVWMFGVCMWEILMHGVKPFQGVKNNDVIGRIENGERLPMPPNCPPTLYSLMTKCWA
YDPSRRPRFTELKAQLSTILEEEKAQQEERMRMESRRQATVSWDSGGSDEAPPKPSRPGY
PSPRSSEGFYPSPQHMVQTNHYQVSGYPGSHGITAMAGSIYPGQASLLDQTDSWNHRPQE
IAMWQPNVEDSTVLDLRGIGQVLPTHLMEERLIRQQQEMEEDQRWLEKEERFLKPDVRLS
RGSIDREDGSLQGPIGNQHIYQPVGKPDPAAPPKKPPRPGAPGHLGSLASLSSPADSYNE
GVKLQPQEISPPPTANLDRSNDKVYENVTGLVKAVIEMSSKIQPAPPEEYVPMVKEVGLA
LRTLLATVDETIPLLPASTHREIEMAQKLLNSDLGELINKMKLAQQYVMTSLQQEYKKQM
LTAAHALAVDAKNLLDVIDQARLKMLGQTRPH
Number of residues1052
Molecular Weight119232.025
Theoretical pI6.61
GO Classification
Functions
  • non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • signal transducer activity
  • JUN kinase binding
  • actin binding
  • protein kinase binding
  • ATP binding
  • protein kinase activity
  • protein tyrosine kinase activity
  • receptor binding
  • SH2 domain binding
Processes
  • growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
  • netrin-activated signaling pathway
  • programmed cell death
  • neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway
  • cellular component disassembly involved in execution phase of apoptosis
  • epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling
  • regulation of epithelial cell migration
  • Ras protein signal transduction
  • microtubule cytoskeleton organization
  • Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis
  • endothelial cell migration
  • regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading
  • small GTPase mediated signal transduction
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • embryo development
  • innate immune response
  • peptidyl-tyrosine autophosphorylation
  • regulation of cell shape
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation
  • negative regulation of anoikis
  • peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
  • positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling
  • negative regulation of axonogenesis
  • positive regulation of protein phosphorylation
  • neuron migration
  • cell motility
  • integrin-mediated signaling pathway
  • establishment of cell polarity
  • regulation of cell proliferation
  • heart morphogenesis
  • platelet activation
  • regulation of focal adhesion assembly
  • Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway
  • regulation of osteoblast differentiation
  • regulation of GTPase activity
  • angiogenesis
  • extracellular matrix organization
  • regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin
  • positive regulation of cell migration
  • placenta development
  • negative regulation of organ growth
  • activation of MAPKK activity
  • vasculogenesis
  • positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity
  • regulation of protein phosphorylation
  • cell adhesion
  • apoptotic process
  • cytoskeleton organization
  • protein autophosphorylation
  • negative regulation of cell-cell adhesion
  • fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of protein kinase activity
  • transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway
  • regulation of endothelial cell migration
  • negative regulation of synapse assembly
  • blood coagulation
  • insulin receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process
  • axon guidance
  • signal complex assembly
  • central nervous system neuron axonogenesis
  • MAPK cascade
  • regulation of cytoskeleton organization
  • cell differentiation
  • establishment of nucleus localization
  • negative regulation of apoptotic process
  • cell migration
  • ephrin receptor signaling pathway
Components
  • plasma membrane
  • microtubule organizing center
  • cell cortex
  • apical plasma membrane
  • cytoplasm
  • stress fiber
  • lamellipodium
  • focal adhesion
  • cytosol
  • extrinsic component of cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane
  • cytoskeleton
  • nucleus
General FunctionSignal transducer activity
Specific FunctionNon-receptor protein-tyrosine kinase that plays an essential role in regulating cell migration, adhesion, spreading, reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, formation and disassembly of focal adhesions and cell protrusions, cell cycle progression, cell proliferation and apoptosis. Required for early embryonic development and placenta development. Required for embryonic angiogenesis, normal cardiomyocyte migration and proliferation, and normal heart development. Regulates axon growth and neuronal cell migration, axon branching and synapse formation; required for normal development of the nervous system. Plays a role in osteogenesis and differentiation of osteoblasts. Functions in integrin signal transduction, but also in signaling downstream of numerous growth factor receptors, G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR), EPHA2, netrin receptors and LDL receptors. Forms multisubunit signaling complexes with SRC and SRC family members upon activation; this leads to the phosphorylation of additional tyrosine residues, creating binding sites for scaffold proteins, effectors and substrates. Regulates numerous signaling pathways. Promotes activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and the AKT1 signaling cascade. Promotes activation of MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1 and the MAP kinase signaling cascade. Promotes localized and transient activation of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), and thereby modulates the activity of Rho family GTPases. Signaling via CAS family members mediates activation of RAC1. Recruits the ubiquitin ligase MDM2 to P53/TP53 in the nucleus, and thereby regulates P53/TP53 activity, P53/TP53 ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Phosphorylates SRC; this increases SRC kinase activity. Phosphorylates ACTN1, ARHGEF7, GRB7, RET and WASL. Promotes phosphorylation of PXN and STAT1; most likely PXN and STAT1 are phosphorylated by a SRC family kinase that is recruited to autophosphorylated PTK2/FAK1, rather than by PTK2/FAK1 itself. Promotes phosphorylation of BCAR1; GIT2 and SHC1; this requires both SRC and PTK2/FAK1. Promotes phosphorylation of BMX and PIK3R1. Isoform 6 (FRNK) does not contain a kinase domain and inhibits PTK2/FAK1 phosphorylation and signaling. Its enhanced expression can attenuate the nuclear accumulation of LPXN and limit its ability to enhance serum response factor (SRF)-dependent gene transcription.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDQ05397
UniProtKB Entry NameFAK1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCell junction
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0021683|Focal adhesion kinase 1 (PTK2)
ATGGCAGCTGCTTACCTTGACCCCAACTTGAATCACACACCAAATTCGAGTACTAAGACT
CACCTGGGTACTGGTATGGAACGTTCTCCTGGTGCAATGGAGCGAGTATTAAAGGTCTTT
CATTATTTTGAAAGCAATAGTGAGCCAACCACCTGGGCCAGTATTATCAGGCATGGAGAT
GCTACTGATGTCAGGGGCATCATTCAGAAGATAGTGGACAGTCACAAAGTAAAGCATGTG
GCCTGCTATGGATTCCGCCTCAGTCACCTGCGGTCAGAGGAGGTTCACTGGCTTCACGTG
GATATGGGCGTCTCCAGTGTGAGGGAGAAGTATGAGCTTGCTCACCCACCAGAGGAGTGG
AAATATGAATTGAGAATTCGTTATTTGCCAAAAGGATTTCTAAACCAGTTTACTGAAGAT
AAGCCAACTTTGAATTTCTTCTATCAACAGGTGAAGAGCGATTATATGTTAGAGATAGCT
GATCAAGTGGACCAGGAAATTGCTTTGAAGTTGGGTTGTCTAGAAATACGGCGATCATAC
TGGGAGATGCGGGGCAATGCACTAGAAAAGAAGTCTAACTATGAAGTATTAGAAAAAGAT
GTTGGTTTAAAGCGATTTTTTCCTAAGAGTTTACTGGATTCTGTCAAGGCCAAAACACTA
AGAAAACTGATCCAACAAACATTTAGACAATTTGCCAACCTTAATAGAGAAGAAAGTATT
CTGAAATTCTTTGAGATCCTGTCTCCAGTCTACAGATTTGATAAGGAATGCTTCAAGTGT
GCTCTTGGTTCAAGCTGGATTATTTCAGTGGAACTGGCAATCGGCCCAGAAGAAGGAATC
AGTTACCTAACGGACAAGGGCTGCAATCCCACACATCTTGCTGACTTCACTCAAGTGCAA
ACCATTCAGTATTCAAACAGTGAAGACAAGGACAGAAAAGGAATGCTACAACTAAAAATA
GCAGGTGCACCCGAGCCTCTGACAGTGACGGCACCATCCCTAACCATTGCGGAGAATATG
GCTGACCTAATAGATGGGTACTGCCGGCTGGTGAATGGAACCTCGCAGTCATTTATCATC
AGACCTCAGAAAGAAGGTGAACGGGCTTTGCCATCAATACCAAAGTTGGCCAACAGCGAA
AAGCAAGGCATGCGGACACACGCCGTCTCTGTGTCAGAAACAGATGATTATGCTGAGATT
ATAGATGAAGAAGATACTTACACCATGCCCTCAACCAGGGATTATGAGATTCAAAGAGAA
AGAATAGAACTTGGACGATGTATTGGAGAAGGCCAATTTGGAGATGTACATCAAGGCATT
TATATGAGTCCAGAGAATCCAGCTTTGGCGGTTGCAATTAAAACATGTAAAAACTGTACT
TCGGACAGCGTGAGAGAGAAATTTCTTCAAGAAGCCTTAACAATGCGTCAGTTTGACCAT
CCTCATATTGTGAAGCTGATTGGAGTCATCACAGAGAATCCTGTCTGGATAATCATGGAG
CTGTGCACACTTGGAGAGCTGAGGTCATTTTTGCAAGTAAGGAAATACAGTTTGGATCTA
GCATCTTTGATCCTGTATGCCTATCAGCTTAGTACAGCTCTTGCATATCTAGAGAGCAAA
AGATTTGTACACAGGGACATTGCTGCTCGGAATGTTCTGGTGTCCTCAAATGATTGTGTA
AAATTAGGAGACTTTGGATTATCCCGATATATGGAAGATAGTACTTACTACAAAGCTTCC
AAAGGAAAATTGCCTATTAAATGGATGGCTCCAGAGTCAATCAATTTTCGACGTTTTACC
TCAGCTAGTGACGTATGGATGTTTGGTGTGTGTATGTGGGAGATACTGATGCATGGTGTG
AAGCCTTTTCAAGGAGTGAAGAACAATGATGTAATCGGTCGAATTGAAAATGGGGAAAGA
TTACCAATGCCTCCAAATTGTCCTCCTACCCTCTACAGCCTTATGACGAAATGCTGGGCC
TATGACCCCAGCAGGCGGCCCAGGTTTACTGAACTTAAAGCTCAGCTCAGCACAATCCTG
GAGGAAGAGAAGGCTCAGCAAGAAGAGCGCATGAGGATGGAGTCCAGAAGACAGGCCACA
GTGTCCTGGGACTCCGGAGGGTCTGATGAAGCACCGCCCAAGCCCAGCAGACCGGGTTAT
CCCAGTCCGAGGTCCAGCGAAGGATTTTATCCCAGCCCACAGCACATGGTACAAACCAAT
CATTACCAGGTTTCTGGCTACCCTGGTTCACATGGAATCACAGCCATGGCTGGCAGCATC
TATCCAGGTCAGGCATCTCTTTTGGACCAAACAGATTCATGGAATCATAGACCTCAGGAG
ATAGCAATGTGGCAGCCCAATGTGGAGGACTCTACAGTATTGGACCTGCGAGGGATTGGG
CAAGTGTTGCCAACCCATCTGATGGAAGAGCGTCTAATCCGACAGCAACAGGAAATGGAA
GAAGATCAGCGCTGGCTGGAAAAAGAGGAAAGATTTCTGAAACCTGATGTGAGACTCTCT
CGAGGCAGTATTGACAGGGAGGATGGAAGTCTTCAGGGTCCGATTGGAAACCAACATATA
TATCAGCCTGTGGGTAAACCAGGTAAAGAAGAAAAGAATTGGGCGGAAAGAAATCCTGCA
GCTCCACCAAAGAAACCGCCTCGCCCTGGAGCTCCCGGTCATCTGGGAAGCCTTGCCAGC
CTCAGCAGCCCTGCTGACAGCTACAACGAGGGTGTCAAGCCATGGAGGCTTCAGCCCCAG
GAAATCAGCCCCCCTCCTACTGCCAACCTGGACCGGTCGAATGATAAGGTGTACGAGAAT
GTGACGGGCCTGGTGAAAGCTGTCATCGAGATGTCCAGTAAAATCCAGCCAGCCCCACCA
GAGGAGTATGTCCCTATGGTGAAGGAAGTCGGCTTGGCCCTGAGGACATTATTGGCCACT
GTGGATGAGACCATTCCCCTCCTACCAGCCAGCACCCACCGAGAGATTGAGATGGCACAG
AAGCTATTGAACTCTGACCTGGGTGAGCTCATCAACAAGATGAAACTGGCCCAGCAGTAT
GTCATGACCAGCCTCCAGCAAGAGTACAAAAAGCAAATGCTGACTGCTGCTCACGCCCTG
GCTGTGGATGCCAAAAACTTACTCGATGTCATTGACCAAGCAAGACTGAAAATGCTTGGG
CAGACGAGACCACACTGA
GenBank Gene IDL13616
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDPTK2
HGNC IDHGNC:9611
Chromosome Location8
Locus8q24-qter
References
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