Tmic
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
NameCytochrome P450 1B1
Synonyms
  • 1.14.14.1
  • CYPIB1
Gene NameCYP1B1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0016314|Cytochrome P450 1B1
MGTSLSPNDPWPLNPLSIQQTTLLLLLSVLATVHVGQRLLRQRRRQLRSAPPGPFAWPLI
GNAAAVGQAAHLSFARLARRYGDVFQIRLGSCPIVVLNGERAIHQALVQQGSAFADRPAF
ASFRVVSGGRSMAFGHYSEHWKVQRRAAHSMMRNFFTRQPRSRQVLEGHVLSEARELVAL
LVRGSADGAFLDPRPLTVVAVANVMSAVCFGCRYSHDDPEFRELLSHNEEFGRTVGAGSL
VDVMPWLQYFPNPVRTVFREFEQLNRNFSNFILDKFLRHCESLRPGAAPRDMMDAFILSA
EKKAAGDSHGGGARLDLENVPATITDIFGASQDTLSTALQWLLLLFTRYPDVQTRVQAEL
DQVVGRDRLPCMGDQPNLPYVLAFLYEAMRFSSFVPVTIPHATTANTSVLGYHIPKDTVV
FVNQWSVNHDPLKWPNPENFDPARFLDKDGLINKDLTSRVMIFSVGKRRCIGEELSKMQL
FLFISILAHQCDFRANPNEPAKMNFSYGLTIKPKSFKVNVTLRESMELLDSAVQNLQAKE
TCQ
Number of residues543
Molecular Weight60845.33
Theoretical pI9.23
GO Classification
Functions
  • oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen
  • iron ion binding
  • heme binding
  • monooxygenase activity
  • aromatase activity
  • oxygen binding
Processes
  • endothelial cell migration
  • regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process
  • estrogen metabolic process
  • nitric oxide biosynthetic process
  • endothelial cell-cell adhesion
  • visual perception
  • negative regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin
  • retinal metabolic process
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • membrane lipid catabolic process
  • negative regulation of cell migration
  • cellular response to organic cyclic compound
  • positive regulation of apoptotic process
  • retinal blood vessel morphogenesis
  • positive regulation of angiogenesis
  • positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade
  • collagen fibril organization
  • toxin metabolic process
  • positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production
  • epoxygenase P450 pathway
  • oxidation-reduction process
  • trabecular meshwork development
  • arachidonic acid metabolic process
  • steroid metabolic process
  • cellular response to hydrogen peroxide
  • cellular aromatic compound metabolic process
  • negative regulation of cell proliferation
  • retinol metabolic process
  • cell adhesion
  • intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stress
  • angiogenesis
  • blood vessel morphogenesis
  • omega-hydroxylase P450 pathway
  • response to toxic substance
  • sterol metabolic process
  • negative regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity
  • xenobiotic metabolic process
Components
  • mitochondrion
  • endoplasmic reticulum membrane
General FunctionOxygen binding
Specific FunctionCytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, retinoid and xenobiotics. Preferentially oxidizes 17beta-estradiol to the carcinogenic 4-hydroxy derivative, and a variety of procarcinogenic compounds to their activated forms, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Promotes angiogenesis by removing cellular oxygenation products, thereby decreasing oxidative stress, release of antiangiogenic factor THBS2, then allowing endothelial cells migration, cell adhesion and capillary morphogenesis. These changes are concommitant with the endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity and nitric oxide synthesis. Plays an important role in the regulation of perivascular cell proliferation, migration, and survival through modulation of the intracellular oxidative state and NF-kappa-B expression and/or activity, during angiogenesis. Contributes to oxidative homeostasis and ultrastructural organization and function of trabecular meshwork tissue through modulation of POSTN expression.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID501031
UniProtKB IDQ16678
UniProtKB Entry NameCP1B1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationEndoplasmic reticulum membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0016315|Cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1)
ATGGGCACCAGCCTCAGCCCGAACGACCCTTGGCCGCTAAACCCGCTGTCCATCCAGCAG
ACCACGCTCCTGCTACTCCTGTCGGTGCTGGCCACTGTGCATGTGGGCCAGCGGCTGCTG
AGGCAACGGAGGCGGCAGCTCCGGTCCGCGCCCCCGGGCCCGTTTGCGTGGCCACTGATC
GGAAACGCGGCGGCGGTGGGCCAGGCGGCTCACCTCTCGTTCGCTCGCCTGGCGCGGCGC
TACGGCGACGTTTTCCAGATCCGCCTGGGCAGCTGCCCCATAGTGGTGCTGAATGGCGAG
CGCGCCATCCACCAGGCCCTGGTGCAGCAGGGCTCGGCCTTCGCCGACCGGCCGGCCTTC
GCCTCCTTCCGTGTGGTGTCCGGCGGCCGCAGCATGGCTTTCGGCCACTACTCGGAGCAC
TGGAAGGTGCAGCGGCGCGCAGCCCACAGCATGATGCGCAACTTCTTCACGCGCCAGCCG
CGCAGCCGCCAAGTCCTCGAGGGCCACGTGCTGAGCGAGGCGCGCGAGCTGGTGGCGCTG
CTGGTGCGCGGCAGCGCGGACGGCGCCTTCCTCGACCCGAGGCCGCTGACCGTCGTGGCC
GTGGCCAACGTCATGAGTGCCGTGTGTTTCGGCTGCCGCTACAGCCACGACGACCCCGAG
TTCCGTGAGCTGCTCAGCCACAACGAAGAGTTCGGGCGCACGGTGGGCGCGGGCAGCCTG
GTGGACGTGATGCCCTGGCTGCAGTACTTCCCCAACCCGGTGCGCACCGTTTTCCGCGAA
TTCGAGCAGCTCAACCGCAACTTCAGCAACTTCATCCTGGACAAGTTCTTGAGGCACTGC
GAAAGCCTTCGGCCCGGGGCCGCCCCCCGCGACATGATGGACGCCTTTATCCTCTCTGCG
GAAAAGAAGGCGGCCGGGGACTCGCACGGTGGTGGCGCGCGGCTGGATTTGGAGAACGTA
CCGGCCACTATCACTGACATCTTCGGCGCCAGCCAGGACACCCTGTCCACCGCGCTGCAG
TGGCTGCTCCTCCTCTTCACCAGGTATCCTGATGTGCAGACTCGAGTGCAGGCAGAATTG
GATCAGGTCGTGGGGAGGGACCGTCTGCCTTGTATGGGTGACCAGCCCAACCTGCCCTAT
GTCCTGGCCTTCCTTTATGAAGCCATGCGCTTCTCCAGCTTTGTGCCTGTCACTATTCCT
CATGCCACCACTGCCAACACCTCTGTCTTGGGCTACCACATTCCCAAGGACACTGTGGTT
TTTGTCAACCAGTGGTCTGTGAATCATGACCCACTGAAGTGGCCTAACCCGGAGAACTTT
GATCCAGCTCGATTCTTGGACAAGGATGGCCTCATCAACAAGGACCTGACCAGCAGAGTG
ATGATTTTTTCAGTGGGCAAAAGGCGGTGCATTGGCGAAGAACTTTCTAAGATGCAGCTT
TTTCTCTTCATCTCCATCCTGGCTCACCAGTGCGATTTCAGGGCCAACCCAAATGAGCCT
GCGAAAATGAATTTCAGTTATGGTCTAACCATTAAACCCAAGTCATTTAAAGTCAATGTC
ACTCTCAGAGAGTCCATGGAGCTCCTTGATAGTGCTGTCCAAAATTTACAAGCCAAGGAA
ACTTGCCAATAA
GenBank Gene IDU03688
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDCYP1B1
HGNC IDHGNC:2597
Chromosome Location2
Locus2p21
References
  1. Sutter TR, Tang YM, Hayes CL, Wo YY, Jabs EW, Li X, Yin H, Cody CW, Greenlee WF: Complete cDNA sequence of a human dioxin-inducible mRNA identifies a new gene subfamily of cytochrome P450 that maps to chromosome 2. J Biol Chem. 1994 May 6;269(18):13092-9. 8175734
  2. Tang YM, Wo YY, Stewart J, Hawkins AL, Griffin CA, Sutter TR, Greenlee WF: Isolation and characterization of the human cytochrome P450 CYP1B1 gene. J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 8;271(45):28324-30. 8910454
  3. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  4. Shimada T, Watanabe J, Kawajiri K, Sutter TR, Guengerich FP, Gillam EM, Inoue K: Catalytic properties of polymorphic human cytochrome P450 1B1 variants. Carcinogenesis. 1999 Aug;20(8):1607-13. 10426814
  5. Vincent A, Billingsley G, Priston M, Williams-Lyn D, Sutherland J, Glaser T, Oliver E, Walter MA, Heathcote G, Levin A, Heon E: Phenotypic heterogeneity of CYP1B1: mutations in a patient with Peters' anomaly. J Med Genet. 2001 May;38(5):324-6. 11403040
  6. Choudhary D, Jansson I, Stoilov I, Sarfarazi M, Schenkman JB: Metabolism of retinoids and arachidonic acid by human and mouse cytochrome P450 1b1. Drug Metab Dispos. 2004 Aug;32(8):840-7. 15258110
  7. Jang HH, Kim SY, Kang JY, Park SH, Ryu SH, Ahn T, Yun CH: Increase of human CYP1B1 activities by acidic phospholipids and kinetic deuterium isotope effects on CYP1B1 substrate oxidation. J Biochem. 2012 Nov;152(5):433-42. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvs087. Epub 2012 Aug 9. 22888116
  8. Nishida CR, Everett S, Ortiz de Montellano PR: Specificity determinants of CYP1B1 estradiol hydroxylation. Mol Pharmacol. 2013 Sep;84(3):451-8. doi: 10.1124/mol.113.087700. Epub 2013 Jul 2. 23821647
  9. Poon CH, Wong TY, Wang Y, Tsuchiya Y, Nakajima M, Yokoi T, Leung LK: The citrus flavanone naringenin suppresses CYP1B1 transactivation through antagonising xenobiotic-responsive element binding. Br J Nutr. 2013 May;109(9):1598-605. doi: 10.1017/S0007114512003595. Epub 2012 Aug 31. 22935222
  10. Wang A, Savas U, Stout CD, Johnson EF: Structural characterization of the complex between alpha-naphthoflavone and human cytochrome P450 1B1. J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 18;286(7):5736-43. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.204420. Epub 2010 Dec 8. 21147782
  11. Bejjani BA, Lewis RA, Tomey KF, Anderson KL, Dueker DK, Jabak M, Astle WF, Otterud B, Leppert M, Lupski JR: Mutations in CYP1B1, the gene for cytochrome P4501B1, are the predominant cause of primary congenital glaucoma in Saudi Arabia. Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Feb;62(2):325-33. 9463332
  12. Stoilov I, Akarsu AN, Alozie I, Child A, Barsoum-Homsy M, Turacli ME, Or M, Lewis RA, Ozdemir N, Brice G, Aktan SG, Chevrette L, Coca-Prados M, Sarfarazi M: Sequence analysis and homology modeling suggest that primary congenital glaucoma on 2p21 results from mutations disrupting either the hinge region or the conserved core structures of cytochrome P4501B1. Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Mar;62(3):573-84. 9497261
  13. Bailey LR, Roodi N, Dupont WD, Parl FF: Association of cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) polymorphism with steroid receptor status in breast cancer. Cancer Res. 1998 Nov 15;58(22):5038-41. 9823305
  14. Plasilova M, Stoilov I, Sarfarazi M, Kadasi L, Ferakova E, Ferak V: Identification of a single ancestral CYP1B1 mutation in Slovak Gypsies (Roms) affected with primary congenital glaucoma. J Med Genet. 1999 Apr;36(4):290-4. 10227395
  15. Bejjani BA, Stockton DW, Lewis RA, Tomey KF, Dueker DK, Jabak M, Astle WF, Lupski JR: Multiple CYP1B1 mutations and incomplete penetrance in an inbred population segregating primary congenital glaucoma suggest frequent de novo events and a dominant modifier locus. Hum Mol Genet. 2000 Feb 12;9(3):367-74. 10655546
  16. Ohtake Y, Kubota R, Tanino T, Miyata H, Mashima Y: Novel compound heterozygous mutations in the cytochrome P4501B1 gene (CYP1B1) in a Japanese patient with primary congenital glaucoma. Ophthalmic Genet. 2000 Sep;21(3):191-3. 11184479
  17. Watanabe J, Shimada T, Gillam EM, Ikuta T, Suemasu K, Higashi Y, Gotoh O, Kawajiri K: Association of CYP1B1 genetic polymorphism with incidence to breast and lung cancer. Pharmacogenetics. 2000 Feb;10(1):25-33. 10739169
  18. Mashima Y, Suzuki Y, Sergeev Y, Ohtake Y, Tanino T, Kimura I, Miyata H, Aihara M, Tanihara H, Inatani M, Azuma N, Iwata T, Araie M: Novel cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) gene mutations in Japanese patients with primary congenital glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 Sep;42(10):2211-6. 11527932
  19. Vincent AL, Billingsley G, Buys Y, Levin AV, Priston M, Trope G, Williams-Lyn D, Heon E: Digenic inheritance of early-onset glaucoma: CYP1B1, a potential modifier gene. Am J Hum Genet. 2002 Feb;70(2):448-60. Epub 2002 Jan 3. 11774072
  20. Panicker SG, Reddy AB, Mandal AK, Ahmed N, Nagarajaram HA, Hasnain SE, Balasubramanian D: Identification of novel mutations causing familial primary congenital glaucoma in Indian pedigrees. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 May;43(5):1358-66. 11980847
  21. Stoilov IR, Costa VP, Vasconcellos JP, Melo MB, Betinjane AJ, Carani JC, Oltrogge EV, Sarfarazi M: Molecular genetics of primary congenital glaucoma in Brazil. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jun;43(6):1820-7. 12036985
  22. Aklillu E, Oscarson M, Hidestrand M, Leidvik B, Otter C, Ingelman-Sundberg M: Functional analysis of six different polymorphic CYP1B1 enzyme variants found in an Ethiopian population. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 Mar;61(3):586-94. 11854439
  23. Chakrabarti S, Komatireddy S, Mandal AK, Balasubramanian D: Gene symbol: CYP1B1. Disease: glaucoma, primary congenital. Hum Genet. 2003 Nov;113(6):556. 14640114
  24. Colomb E, Kaplan J, Garchon HJ: Novel cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) mutations in patients with primary congenital glaucoma in France. Hum Mutat. 2003 Dec;22(6):496. 14635112
  25. Sitorus R, Ardjo SM, Lorenz B, Preising M: CYP1B1 gene analysis in primary congenital glaucoma in Indonesian and European patients. J Med Genet. 2003 Jan;40(1):e9. 12525557
  26. Melki R, Colomb E, Lefort N, Brezin AP, Garchon HJ: CYP1B1 mutations in French patients with early-onset primary open-angle glaucoma. J Med Genet. 2004 Sep;41(9):647-51. 15342693
  27. Reddy AB, Kaur K, Mandal AK, Panicker SG, Thomas R, Hasnain SE, Balasubramanian D, Chakrabarti S: Mutation spectrum of the CYP1B1 gene in Indian primary congenital glaucoma patients. Mol Vis. 2004 Sep 30;10:696-702. 15475877
  28. Curry SM, Daou AG, Hermanns P, Molinari A, Lewis RA, Bejjani BA: Cytochrome P4501B1 mutations cause only part of primary congenital glaucoma in Ecuador. Ophthalmic Genet. 2004 Mar;25(1):3-9. 15255109
  29. Alfadhli S, Behbehani A, Elshafey A, Abdelmoaty S, Al-Awadi S: Molecular and clinical evaluation of primary congenital glaucoma in Kuwait. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Mar;141(3):512-6. 16490498
  30. Acharya M, Mookherjee S, Bhattacharjee A, Bandyopadhyay AK, Daulat Thakur SK, Bhaduri G, Sen A, Ray K: Primary role of CYP1B1 in Indian juvenile-onset POAG patients. Mol Vis. 2006 Apr 20;12:399-404. 16688110
  31. Chavarria-Soley G, Michels-Rautenstrauss K, Pasutto F, Flikier D, Flikier P, Cirak S, Bejjani B, Winters DL, Lewis RA, Mardin C, Reis A, Rautenstrauss B: Primary congenital glaucoma and Rieger's anomaly: extended haplotypes reveal founder effects for eight distinct CYP1B1 mutations. Mol Vis. 2006 May 22;12:523-31. 16735994
  32. Lopez-Garrido MP, Sanchez-Sanchez F, Lopez-Martinez F, Aroca-Aguilar JD, Blanco-Marchite C, Coca-Prados M, Escribano J: Heterozygous CYP1B1 gene mutations in Spanish patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. Mol Vis. 2006 Jul 11;12:748-55. 16862072
  33. Chavarria-Soley G, Sticht H, Aklillu E, Ingelman-Sundberg M, Pasutto F, Reis A, Rautenstrauss B: Mutations in CYP1B1 cause primary congenital glaucoma by reduction of either activity or abundance of the enzyme. Hum Mutat. 2008 Sep;29(9):1147-53. doi: 10.1002/humu.20786. 18470941