Tmic
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NameG-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1
Synonyms
  • CEPR
  • Chemoattractant receptor-like 2
  • CMKRL2
  • DRY12
  • FEG-1
  • Flow-induced endothelial G-protein coupled receptor 1
  • G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1
  • G-protein coupled receptor 30
  • GPCR-Br
  • GPER
  • GPR30
  • IL8-related receptor DRY12
  • LYGPR
  • Lymphocyte-derived G-protein coupled receptor
  • Membrane estrogen receptor
  • mER
Gene NameGPER1
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0020690|G-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1
MDVTSQARGVGLEMYPGTAQPAAPNTTSPELNLSHPLLGTALANGTGELSEHQQYVIGLF
LSCLYTIFLFPIGFVGNILILVVNISFREKMTIPDLYFINLAVADLILVADSLIEVFNLH
ERYYDIAVLCTFMSLFLQVNMYSSVFFLTWMSFDRYIALARAMRCSLFRTKHHARLSCGL
IWMASVSATLVPFTAVHLQHTDEACFCFADVREVQWLEVTLGFIVPFAIIGLCYSLIVRV
LVRAHRHRGLRPRRQKALRMILAVVLVFFVCWLPENVFISVHLLQRTQPGAAPCKQSFRH
AHPLTGHIVNLAAFSNSCLNPLIYSFLGETFRDKLRLYIEQKTNLPALNRFCHAALKAVI
PDSTEQSDVRFSSAV
Number of residues375
Molecular Weight42247.12
Theoretical pI8.36
GO Classification
Functions
  • G-protein coupled receptor activity
  • mineralocorticoid receptor activity
  • steroid binding
  • steroid hormone binding
  • chromatin binding
  • drug binding
  • estrogen receptor activity
Processes
  • negative regulation of cell proliferation
  • positive regulation of neurogenesis
  • cellular response to glucose stimulus
  • positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
  • positive regulation of G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
  • negative regulation of inflammatory response
  • positive regulation of MAPK cascade
  • mineralocorticoid receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of uterine smooth muscle contraction
  • positive regulation of cAMP biosynthetic process
  • intracellular steroid hormone receptor signaling pathway
  • negative regulation of cell cycle process
  • negative regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade
  • cellular response to mineralocorticoid stimulus
  • innate immune response
  • positive regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • negative regulation of DNA metabolic process
  • cellular response to peptide hormone stimulus
  • positive regulation of apoptotic process
  • positive regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria
  • negative regulation of leukocyte activation
  • negative regulation of cell cycle arrest
  • G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • negative regulation of fat cell differentiation
  • positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration
  • negative regulation of lipid biosynthetic process
  • cytosolic calcium ion homeostasis
  • neuronal action potential
  • positive regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process
  • negative regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation
  • positive regulation of protein phosphorylation
  • positive regulation of inositol trisphosphate biosynthetic process
  • positive regulation of vasodilation
  • negative regulation of protein kinase B signaling
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation
  • inflammatory response
  • positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade
  • steroid hormone mediated signaling pathway
  • nuclear fragmentation involved in apoptotic nuclear change
  • cellular response to estradiol stimulus
  • positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling
  • cell cycle
  • apoptotic chromosome condensation
  • positive regulation of cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation
  • cellular response to tumor necrosis factor
  • positive regulation of insulin secretion
  • positive regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process
  • positive regulation of establishment of protein localization to plasma membrane
  • positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol
  • positive regulation of gene expression
  • positive regulation of neurotransmitter secretion
  • positive regulation of cell migration
  • positive regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • negative regulation of gene expression
Components
  • dendritic spine membrane
  • postsynaptic density
  • Golgi apparatus
  • presynaptic active zone
  • nucleus
  • cytosol
  • Golgi membrane
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm
  • cytoplasmic vesicle membrane
  • axon terminus
  • recycling endosome
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • dendrite
  • neuronal postsynaptic density
  • plasma membrane
  • nuclear envelope
  • axon
  • dendritic shaft
  • endoplasmic reticulum membrane
  • integral component of plasma membrane
  • early endosome
  • keratin filament
  • presynaptic membrane
  • intracellular
  • mitochondrial membrane
  • trans-Golgi network
  • cytoplasm
  • cell junction
  • dendritic spine head
General FunctionSteroid hormone binding
Specific FunctionG-protein coupled estrogen receptor that binds to 17-beta-estradiol (E2) with high affinity, leading to rapid and transient activation of numerous intracellular signaling pathways. Stimulates cAMP production, calcium mobilization and tyrosine kinase Src inducing the release of heparin-bound epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) and subsequent transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), activating downstream signaling pathways such as PI3K/Akt and ERK/MAPK. Mediates pleiotropic functions among others in the cardiovascular, endocrine, reproductive, immune and central nervous systems. Has a role in cardioprotection by reducing cardiac hypertrophy and perivascular fibrosis in a RAMP3-dependent manner. Regulates arterial blood pressure by stimulating vasodilation and reducing vascular smooth muscle and microvascular endothelial cell proliferation. Plays a role in blood glucose homeostasis contributing to the insulin secretion response by pancreatic beta cells. Triggers mitochondrial apoptosis during pachytene spermatocyte differentiation. Stimulates uterine epithelial cell proliferation. Enhances uterine contractility in response to oxytocin. Contributes to thymic atrophy by inducing apoptosis. Attenuates TNF-mediated endothelial expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules. Promotes neuritogenesis in developing hippocampal neurons. Plays a role in acute neuroprotection against NMDA-induced excitotoxic neuronal death. Increases firing activity and intracellular calcium oscillations in luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons. Inhibits early osteoblast proliferation at growth plate during skeletal development. Inhibits mature adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation. Involved in the recruitment of beta-arrestin 2 ARRB2 at the plasma membrane in epithelial cells. Functions also as a receptor for aldosterone mediating rapid regulation of vascular contractibility through the PI3K/ERK signaling pathway. Involved in cancer progression regulation. Stimulates cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) proliferation by a rapid genomic response through the EGFR/ERK transduction pathway. Associated with EGFR, may act as a transcription factor activating growth regulatory genes (c-fos, cyclin D1). Promotes integrin alpha-5/beta-1 and fibronectin (FN) matrix assembly in breast cancer cells.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions63-84 97-120 133-153 176-194 221-236 260-280 307-327
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDQ99527
UniProtKB Entry NameGPER1_HUMAN
Cellular LocationNucleus
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0020691|G-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1)
ATGGATGTGACTTCCCAAGCCCGGGGCGTGGGCCTGGAGATGTACCCAGGCACCGCGCAG
CCTGCGGCCCCCAACACCACCTCCCCCGAGCTCAACCTGTCCCACCCGCTCCTGGGCACC
GCCCTGGCCAATGGGACAGGTGAGCTCTCGGAGCACCAGCAGTACGTGATCGGCCTGTTC
CTCTCGTGCCTCTACACCATCTTCCTCTTCCCCATCGGCTTTGTGGGCAACATCCTGATC
CTGGTGGTGAACATCAGCTTCCGCGAGAAGATGACCATCCCCGACCTGTACTTCATCAAC
CTGGCGGTGGCGGACCTCATCCTGGTGGCCGACTCCCTCATTGAGGTGTTCAACCTGCAC
GAGCGGTACTACGACATCGCCGTCCTGTGCACCTTCATGTCGCTCTTCCTGCAGGTCAAC
ATGTACAGCAGCGTCTTCTTCCTCACCTGGATGAGCTTCGACCGCTACATCGCCCTGGCC
AGGGCCATGCGCTGCAGCCTGTTCCGCACCAAGCACCACGCCCGGCTGAGCTGTGGCCTC
ATCTGGATGGCATCCGTGTCAGCCACGCTGGTGCCCTTCACCGCCGTGCACCTGCAGCAC
ACCGACGAGGCCTGCTTCTGTTTCGCGGATGTCCGGGAGGTGCAGTGGCTCGAGGTCACG
CTGGGCTTCATCGTGCCCTTCGCCATCATCGGCCTGTGCTACTCCCTCATTGTCCGGGTG
CTGGTCAGGGCGCACCGGCACCGTGGGCTGCGGCCCCGGCGGCAGAAGGCGCTCCGCATG
ATCCTCGCGGTGGTGCTGGTCTTCTTCGTCTGCTGGCTGCCGGAGAACGTCTTCATCAGC
GTGCACCTCCTGCAGCGGACGCAGCCTGGGGCCGCTCCCTGCAAGCAGTCTTTCCGCCAT
GCCCACCCCCTCACGGGCCACATTGTCAACCTCGCCGCCTTCTCCAACAGCTGCCTAAAC
CCCCTCATCTACAGCTTTCTCGGGGAGACCTTCAGGGACAAGCTGAGGCTGTACATTGAG
CAGAAAACAAATTTGCCGGCCCTGAACCGCTTCTGTCACGCTGCCCTGAAGGCCGTCATT
CCAGACAGCACCGAGCAGTCGGATGTGAGGTTCAGCAGTGCCGTGTAG
GenBank Gene IDBC011634
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDGPER
HGNC IDHGNC:4485
Chromosome Location7
LocusNot Available
References
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