Canmetcon
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Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2009-07-30 17:58:27 UTC
Update Date2014-12-24 20:26:05 UTC
Accession NumberT3D3458
Identification
Common Name1-Pentene
ClassSmall Molecule
Description1-Pentene is a hydrocarbon and one of the isomers of pentene. Pentenes are components of gasoline and are often produced as by-products of catalytic of thermal cracking of petroleum. (6)
Compound Type
  • Gasoline Additive/Component
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Organic Compound
  • Synthetic Compound
Chemical Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Synonym
.alpha.-n-amylene
1-N-PENTENE
1-PENTENE
1-Pentene 95
1-Pentylene
a-n-amylene
Alpha-amylene
Alpha-butene
Alpha-butylene
Alpha-n-amylene
Amylene
Butylene
Ethylethylene
N-Amylene
N-butene
N-butylene
NONE
Pent-1-ene
Pentene
Pentene (petroleum)
Pentene-1
Pentylene
Propylethylene
Steam cracked pentenes (petroleum)
Chemical FormulaC5H10
Average Molecular Mass70.133 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass70.078 g/mol
CAS Registry Number109-67-1
IUPAC Namepent-1-ene
Traditional Namepentene
SMILESCCCC=C
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H10/c1-3-5-4-2/h3H,1,4-5H2,2H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=YWAKXRMUMFPDSH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons. These are aliphatic Hydrocarbons that contains one or more unsaturated carbon atoms. These compounds contain one or more double or triple bonds.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassHydrocarbons
Sub ClassUnsaturated hydrocarbons
Direct ParentUnsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon
  • Olefin
  • Alkene
  • Acyclic olefin
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginExogenous
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
AppearanceNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting Point-165.2°C
Boiling Point30°C
Solubility0.148 mg/mL at 25°C [YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)]
LogPNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.17 g/LALOGPS
logP2.84ALOGPS
logP2.38ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity24.85 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability9.4 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-13bfb7c9832e448f1818View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-9111d4ccffc09c961611View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-1d9fdcd5891475d4552cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-9000000000-d597164017f934b5bad4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-014i-9000000000-c89d5e2171d6df253e8bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014i-9000000000-5dadf95599e495ab3fcfView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0006-9000000000-7edee0257de6fc1b6e59View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureOral (8) ; inhalation (8) ; dermal (8)
Mechanism of ToxicityPetroleum distillates are central nervous system depressants and cause pulmonary damage. During metabolism. 1-pentene is oxidized at the double bond and excreted as the alcohol or its conjugate. (1, 3)
MetabolismVolatile hydrocarbons are absorbed mainly through the lungs, and may also enter the body after ingestion via aspiration. During metabolism. 1-pentene is oxidized at the double bond and excreted as the alcohol or its conjugate. (1, 3)
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)1-Pentene is found in gasoline, which is possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). (9)
Uses/SourcesPentenes are components of gasoline and are often produced as by-products of catalytic of thermal cracking of petroleum. (6)
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsPetroleum distillates are aspiration hazards and may cause pulmonary damage, central nervous system depression, and cardiac effects such as cardiac arrhythmias. They may also affect the blood, immune system, liver, and kidney. (1, 7)
SymptomsPetroleum distillate poisoning may cause nausea, vomiting, cough, pulmonary irritation progressing to pulmonary edema, bloody sputum, and bronchial pneumonia. At high amounts, central nervous system depression may also occur, with symptoms such as weakness, dizziness, slow and shallow respiration, unconsciousness, and convulsions. Petroleum distillates are also irritating to the skin. (2)
TreatmentTreatment is mainly symptomatic and supportive. Gastric lavage, emesis, and the administration of activated charcoal should be avoided, as vomiting increases the risk of aspiration. (1)
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
PubChem Compound ID8004
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL295337
ChemSpider ID7713
KEGG IDNot Available
UniProt IDNot Available
OMIM ID
ChEBI IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
CTD IDNot Available
Stitch ID1-Pentene
PDB IDNot Available
ACToR IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDST3D3458.pdf
General References
  1. Gunther S, McMillan PJ, Wallace LJ, Muller S: Plasmodium falciparum possesses organelle-specific alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes and lipoylation pathways. Biochem Soc Trans. 2005 Nov;33(Pt 5):977-80. [16246025 ]
  2. Perham RN: Swinging arms and swinging domains in multifunctional enzymes: catalytic machines for multistep reactions. Annu Rev Biochem. 2000;69:961-1004. [10966480 ]
  3. Clayton GD and Clayton FE (eds) (1993-1994). Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Volumes 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F: Toxicology. 4th ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  4. Dreisbach, RH (1983). Handbook of Poisoning. Los Altos, California: Lange Medical Publications.
  5. MICROMEDEX Thomson Health Care (2002). USPDI - Drug Information for the Health Care Professional. 22nd ed. Volume 1. Englewood, CO: MICROMEDEX Thomson Health Care. Content Reviewed and Approved by the U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc.
  6. Wikipedia. Pentane. Last Updated 12 July 2009. [Link]
  7. ATSDR - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1999). Toxicological profile for total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). U.S. Public Health Service in collaboration with U.S. [Link]
  8. Wikipedia. Lead telluride. Last Updated 8 May 2009. [Link]
  9. International Agency for Research on Cancer (2014). IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. [Link]
Gene Regulation
Up-Regulated GenesNot Available
Down-Regulated GenesNot Available