Tmic
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Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2014-09-08 02:41:39 UTC
Update Date2014-12-24 20:26:54 UTC
Accession NumberT3D4662
Identification
Common NameChloracetone
ClassSmall Molecule
DescriptionChloracetone is lachrymator with an irritating odor. It is used in color photography, insecticides, perfumes, organic synthesis and tear gas, and in the polymerization of vinyl monomers. Chloracetone belongs to the class of organic compounds known as organochlorides. These are compounds containing a chemical bond between a carbon atom and a chlorine atom.
Compound Type
  • Insecticide
  • Lachrymator
  • Organic Compound
  • Organochloride
  • Pesticide
  • Synthetic Compound
Chemical Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Synonym
1-Chloro-2-ketopropane
1-Chloro-2-propanone
3-Chloro-2-propanone
Acetonyl chloride
alpha-Chloroacetone
CHLOROACETONE
Chloromethyl methyl ketone
Chloropropanone
Monochloroacetone
Chemical FormulaC3H5ClO
Average Molecular Mass92.524 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass92.003 g/mol
CAS Registry Number78-95-5
IUPAC Name1-chloropropan-2-one
Traditional Nametonite
SMILESCC(=O)CCl
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C3H5ClO/c1-3(5)2-4/h2H2,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=BULLHNJGPPOUOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-chloroketones. These are organic compounds contaning a chlorine atom attached to the alpha carbon atom relative to C=O group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentAlpha-chloroketones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-chloroketone
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl chloride
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginExogenous
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Appearancecolorless liquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting Point-44.5°C
Boiling PointNot Available
SolubilityNot Available
LogPNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility74.6 g/LALOGPS
logP0.3ALOGPS
logP0.64ChemAxon
logS-0.09ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.13ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity20.95 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.38 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-51ed94dda9939682616fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-e333cd78ea06095c1cc8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-004i-9000000000-239400e17229f0f72667View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-0c381181c593627ade24View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-7a943d47da1cd7ea86b5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-9a65267bed6a81399191View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0006-9000000000-97f0718313c1c834f250View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureNot Available
Mechanism of ToxicityNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)No indication of carcinogenicity to humans (not listed by IARC).
Uses/SourcesUsed as a coupler for color photography, an enzyme inactivator, an intermediate, in insecticides, perfumes, organic synthesis, tear gas, and in the polymerization of vinyl monomers.
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsNot Available
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
PubChem Compound ID6571
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL1231084
ChemSpider ID6323
KEGG IDNot Available
UniProt IDNot Available
OMIM ID
ChEBI ID47220
BioCyc IDNot Available
CTD IDNot Available
Stitch IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ACToR IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDST3D4662.pdf
General ReferencesNot Available
Gene Regulation
Up-Regulated GenesNot Available
Down-Regulated GenesNot Available

Targets

General Function:
Temperature-gated cation channel activity
Specific Function:
Receptor-activated non-selective cation channel involved in detection of pain and possibly also in cold perception and inner ear function (PubMed:25389312, PubMed:25855297). Has a central role in the pain response to endogenous inflammatory mediators and to a diverse array of volatile irritants, such as mustard oil, cinnamaldehyde, garlic and acrolein, an irritant from tears gas and vehicule exhaust fumes (PubMed:25389312, PubMed:20547126). Is also activated by menthol (in vitro)(PubMed:25389312). Acts also as a ionotropic cannabinoid receptor by being activated by delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana (PubMed:25389312). May be a component for the mechanosensitive transduction channel of hair cells in inner ear, thereby participating in the perception of sounds. Probably operated by a phosphatidylinositol second messenger system (By similarity).
Gene Name:
TRPA1
Uniprot ID:
O75762
Molecular Weight:
127499.88 Da
References
  1. Nilius B, Prenen J, Owsianik G: Irritating channels: the case of TRPA1. J Physiol. 2011 Apr 1;589(Pt 7):1543-9. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2010.200717. Epub 2010 Nov 15. [21078588 ]