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Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2014-09-11 05:15:17 UTC
Update Date2014-12-24 20:26:56 UTC
Accession NumberT3D4760
Identification
Common NameAlpha-Cyclodextrin (Cyclohexa-Amylose)
ClassSmall Molecule
DescriptionAlpha cyclodextrin is a naturally occurring, cyclic oligosaccharide, enzymatically produced from starch. It is a well-defined, chemically pure substance consisting of six linked glucose units. It is a multifunctional, soluble dietary fiber marketed for use as a fiber ingredient, an odor or flavor masking agent as well as for emulsification applications. It is registered as a dietary fiber in the European Union. ‘±-Cyclodextrin is marketed for a range of medical, healthcare and food and beverage applications that rely on its ability to bind to fats and reduce their bioavailability both in the body and in food and beverage products.
Compound Type
  • Food Toxin
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Plant Toxin
Chemical Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC36H60O30
Average Molecular Mass972.844 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass972.317 g/mol
CAS Registry Number10016-20-3
IUPAC Name(1S,3S,5R,6S,8S,10S,11S,13S,15S,16S,18S,20S,21S,23S,25S,26S,28S,30S,31R,32R,33R,34R,35R,36R,37R,38R,39R,40R,41R,42R)-5,10,15,20,25,30-hexakis(hydroxymethyl)-2,4,7,9,12,14,17,19,22,24,27,29-dodecaoxaheptacyclo[26.2.2.2³,⁶.2⁸,¹¹.2¹³,¹⁶.2¹⁸,²¹.2²³,²⁶]dotetracontane-31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42-dodecol
Traditional Name(1S,3S,5R,6S,8S,10S,11S,13S,15S,16S,18S,20S,21S,23S,25S,26S,28S,30S,31R,32R,33R,34R,35R,36R,37R,38R,39R,40R,41R,42R)-5,10,15,20,25,30-hexakis(hydroxymethyl)-2,4,7,9,12,14,17,19,22,24,27,29-dodecaoxaheptacyclo[26.2.2.2³,⁶.2⁸,¹¹.2¹³,¹⁶.2¹⁸,²¹.2²³,²⁶]dotetracontane-31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42-dodecol
SMILES[H][C@]1(CO)O[C@@]2([H])O[C@]3([H])[C@]([H])(CO)O[C@@]([H])(O[C@]4([H])[C@]([H])(CO)O[C@@]([H])(O[C@]5([H])[C@]([H])(CO)O[C@@]([H])(O[C@]6([H])[C@]([H])(CO)O[C@@]([H])(O[C@]7([H])[C@]([H])(CO)O[C@@]([H])(O[C@@]1([H])[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]2([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]7([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]6([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]5([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]4([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]3([H])O
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C36H60O30/c37-1-7-25-13(43)19(49)31(55-7)62-26-8(2-38)57-33(21(51)15(26)45)64-28-10(4-40)59-35(23(53)17(28)47)66-30-12(6-42)60-36(24(54)18(30)48)65-29-11(5-41)58-34(22(52)16(29)46)63-27-9(3-39)56-32(61-25)20(50)14(27)44/h7-54H,1-6H2/t7-,8-,9-,10-,11-,12+,13+,14+,15+,16+,17+,18+,19+,20+,21+,22+,23+,24+,25+,26+,27+,28+,29+,30+,31-,32-,33-,34-,35-,36-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=HFHDHCJBZVLPGP-KREQUGERSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharides. These are carbohydrates made up of 3 to 10 monosaccharide units linked to each other through glycosidic bonds.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentOligosaccharides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginExogenous
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
AppearanceWhite powder.
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
SolubilityNot Available
LogPNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility792 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.4ALOGPS
logP-11ChemAxon
logS-0.09ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.56ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count30ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count18ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area474.9 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity194.48 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability90.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-0000000009-2cfc9c21a1ef88c85d9fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05g0-0000000009-13a322a96410c017c85cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-0000000009-89430c3bf4ae9ef076c6JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00di-0000000009-ee3632412b491eb755c0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00di-0000000009-6901073be74217f433acJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-05fr-0000000009-2b7d7fcc7ccd1d6c8b5eJSpectraViewer
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureNot Available
Mechanism of ToxicityNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)No indication of carcinogenicity to humans (not listed by IARC).
Uses/SourcesAlpha cyclodextrin is a naturally occurring, cyclic oligosaccharide, enzymatically produced from starch.
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsNot Available
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDDB01909
HMDB IDNot Available
PubChem Compound ID46936256
ChEMBL IDNot Available
ChemSpider ID283948
KEGG IDNot Available
UniProt IDNot Available
OMIM ID
ChEBI ID33103
BioCyc IDNot Available
CTD IDNot Available
Stitch IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ACToR IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDST3D4760.pdf
General ReferencesNot Available
Gene Regulation
Up-Regulated GenesNot Available
Down-Regulated GenesNot Available

Targets

General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Ligand-dependent nuclear transactivation involves either direct homodimer binding to a palindromic estrogen response element (ERE) sequence or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors, such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3, to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Ligand binding induces a conformational change allowing subsequent or combinatorial association with multiprotein coactivator complexes through LXXLL motifs of their respective components. Mutual transrepression occurs between the estrogen receptor (ER) and NF-kappa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Decreases NF-kappa-B DNA-binding activity and inhibits NF-kappa-B-mediated transcription from the IL6 promoter and displace RELA/p65 and associated coregulators from the promoter. Recruited to the NF-kappa-B response element of the CCL2 and IL8 promoters and can displace CREBBP. Present with NF-kappa-B components RELA/p65 and NFKB1/p50 on ERE sequences. Can also act synergistically with NF-kappa-B to activate transcription involving respective recruitment adjacent response elements; the function involves CREBBP. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1. Also mediates membrane-initiated estrogen signaling involving various kinase cascades. Isoform 3 is involved in activation of NOS3 and endothelial nitric oxide production. Isoforms lacking one or several functional domains are thought to modulate transcriptional activity by competitive ligand or DNA binding and/or heterodimerization with the full length receptor. Essential for MTA1-mediated transcriptional regulation of BRCA1 and BCAS3. Isoform 3 can bind to ERE and inhibit isoform 1.
Gene Name:
ESR1
Uniprot ID:
P03372
Molecular Weight:
66215.45 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC500.363 uMNVS_NR_hERNovascreen
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Steroid hormone receptors are ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Transcription factor activity is modulated by bound coactivator and corepressor proteins. Transcription activation is down-regulated by NR0B2. Activated, but not phosphorylated, by HIPK3 and ZIPK/DAPK3.
Gene Name:
AR
Uniprot ID:
P10275
Molecular Weight:
98987.9 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC504.88 uMNVS_NR_hARNovascreen
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]