You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2014-09-11 05:17:21 UTC
Update Date2014-12-24 20:26:57 UTC
Accession NumberT3D4804
Identification
Common Name2,4,6-Tribromophenol
ClassSmall Molecule
Description2,4,6-Tribromophenol is found in crustaceans. 2,4,6-Tribromophenol is isolated from molluscs and crustaceans. 2,4,6-Tribromophenol is a flavour component of seafood, imparts an intense shrimp-like flavour. 2,4,6-Tribromophenol belongs to the family of Bromobenzenes. These are organic compounds containing a chlorine atom attached to a benzene ring.
Compound Type
  • Animal Toxin
  • Bromide Compound
  • Food Toxin
  • Marine Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Organobromide
Chemical Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Synonym
2,4,6-Tribromo-3-methylphenol
2,4,6-Tribromo-m-cresol
2,4,6-Tribromo-Phenol
2,4,6-Tribromophenol, bismuth (3+) salt
5175-83-7 (Bismuth(3+) salt)
Bismuth tribromophenate
Bromkal Pur 3
Bromol
C6H3Br3O
Flammex 3BP
Great lakes PH-73
Micatex
TBP
Tribromophenol
Xeroform
Chemical FormulaC6H3Br3O
Average Molecular Mass330.799 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass327.773 g/mol
CAS Registry Number118-79-6
IUPAC Name2,4,6-tribromophenol
Traditional Name2,4,6-tribromophenol
SMILESOC1=C(Br)C=C(Br)C=C1Br
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H3Br3O/c7-3-1-4(8)6(10)5(9)2-3/h1-2,10H
InChI KeyInChIKey=BSWWXRFVMJHFBN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as p-bromophenols. These are bromophenols carrying a iodine at the C4 position of the benzene ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassPhenols
Sub ClassHalophenols
Direct ParentP-bromophenols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 4-bromophenol
  • 2-bromophenol
  • Halobenzene
  • Bromobenzene
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl bromide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organobromide
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginEndogenous
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
AppearanceWhite powder.
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting Point95.5°C
Boiling Point286°C
Solubility70 mg/L (at 15°C)
LogP4.13
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.054 g/LALOGPS
logP4.2ALOGPS
logP3.98ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)6.34ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity50.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability19.92 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0059-3329000000-8507237252f6c68a3e56JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0059-3329000000-8507237252f6c68a3e56JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0059-0119000000-1a9e2f72fef4a0ac8111JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-7109000000-97e2aa9549b71aa7b589JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-d4bc5a4018393fbac0ddJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 15V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-005521cf47da21fc692dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 30V, Negativesplash10-004i-4009000000-1059d4513edc2f692cd9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 60V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-edf8868f71d375c66c8fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 45V, Negativesplash10-004i-9001000000-2cb087e2b10227d4bc58JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-c643b3283b22198481e0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 75V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-6b0acd4d149e1fb20f9aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-0009000000-ac0c6cf1e753ce0f5f4cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004i-0019000000-351eee795291f1b9df50JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0002-0093000000-428567fe0f8a5c215407JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-5d313196ac3f5efd612bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-5d313196ac3f5efd612bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-bc986254cad6944c4f3fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-1c737efeb82cd2708038JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-1c737efeb82cd2708038JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-2109000000-b82a427abd657f50a8b5JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-0009000000-0a0c5a8748582063dfc3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004i-0009000000-0a0c5a8748582063dfc3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-002e-0945000000-f1ab499d0d7a288d2114JSpectraViewer
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-01q9-9318000000-c2e1e322c2756de014c5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureNot Available
Mechanism of ToxicityNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)No indication of carcinogenicity to humans (not listed by IARC).
Uses/SourcesThis is an endogenously produced metabolite found in the human body. It is used in metabolic reactions, catabolic reactions or waste generation.
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsNot Available
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDDB02417
HMDB IDHMDB29642
PubChem Compound ID1483
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL220087
ChemSpider ID1438
KEGG IDC14454
UniProt IDNot Available
OMIM ID
ChEBI ID47696
BioCyc IDNot Available
CTD IDC004554
Stitch IDNot Available
PDB IDTBP
ACToR IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
MSDST3D4804.pdf
General References
  1. Oliveira AS, Silva VM, Veloso MC, Santos GV, Andrade JB: Bromophenol concentrations in fish from Salvador, BA, Brazil. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2009 Jun;81(2):165-72. [19488620 ]
  2. Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.
Gene Regulation
Up-Regulated GenesNot Available
Down-Regulated GenesNot Available

Targets

General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Ligand-dependent nuclear transactivation involves either direct homodimer binding to a palindromic estrogen response element (ERE) sequence or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors, such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3, to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Ligand binding induces a conformational change allowing subsequent or combinatorial association with multiprotein coactivator complexes through LXXLL motifs of their respective components. Mutual transrepression occurs between the estrogen receptor (ER) and NF-kappa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Decreases NF-kappa-B DNA-binding activity and inhibits NF-kappa-B-mediated transcription from the IL6 promoter and displace RELA/p65 and associated coregulators from the promoter. Recruited to the NF-kappa-B response element of the CCL2 and IL8 promoters and can displace CREBBP. Present with NF-kappa-B components RELA/p65 and NFKB1/p50 on ERE sequences. Can also act synergistically with NF-kappa-B to activate transcription involving respective recruitment adjacent response elements; the function involves CREBBP. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1. Also mediates membrane-initiated estrogen signaling involving various kinase cascades. Isoform 3 is involved in activation of NOS3 and endothelial nitric oxide production. Isoforms lacking one or several functional domains are thought to modulate transcriptional activity by competitive ligand or DNA binding and/or heterodimerization with the full length receptor. Essential for MTA1-mediated transcriptional regulation of BRCA1 and BCAS3. Isoform 3 can bind to ERE and inhibit isoform 1.
Gene Name:
ESR1
Uniprot ID:
P03372
Molecular Weight:
66215.45 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC506.94 uMATG_ERa_TRANSAttagene
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear receptor that binds and is activated by variety of endogenous and xenobiotic compounds. Transcription factor that activates the transcription of multiple genes involved in the metabolism and secretion of potentially harmful xenobiotics, drugs and endogenous compounds. Activated by the antibiotic rifampicin and various plant metabolites, such as hyperforin, guggulipid, colupulone, and isoflavones. Response to specific ligands is species-specific. Activated by naturally occurring steroids, such as pregnenolone and progesterone. Binds to a response element in the promoters of the CYP3A4 and ABCB1/MDR1 genes.
Gene Name:
NR1I2
Uniprot ID:
O75469
Molecular Weight:
49761.245 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC509.35 uMATG_PXRE_CISAttagene
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]
General Function:
Identical protein binding
Specific Function:
Thyroid hormone-binding protein. Probably transports thyroxine from the bloodstream to the brain.
Gene Name:
TTR
Uniprot ID:
P02766
Molecular Weight:
15886.88 Da
References
  1. Meerts IA, van Zanden JJ, Luijks EA, van Leeuwen-Bol I, Marsh G, Jakobsson E, Bergman A, Brouwer A: Potent competitive interactions of some brominated flame retardants and related compounds with human transthyretin in vitro. Toxicol Sci. 2000 Jul;56(1):95-104. [10869457 ]