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Displaying toxin 3526 - 3550 of 3678 in total
T3DB ID Name
CAS Number
Formula
Weight
StructureTypeMechanism of Toxicity
T3D0191Hydrogen sulfide
7783-06-04
H2S
34.081 g/mol
Thumb
  • Bacterial Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial Precursor/Intermediate
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Lachrymator
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Metal
Although very pungent at first, hydrogen sulfide quickly deadens the sense of smell, so potential victims may be unaware of its presence until it is too late. Hydrogen...more
Number of Targets: 1
T3D0259Phosphine
7803-51-2
H3P
33.998 g/mol
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  • Food Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metabolite
  • Non-Metal
  • Pesticide
  • Pollutant
  • Synthetic Compound
Phosphine inhibits cytochrome c oxidase, preventing mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. This non-competitive inhibition prevents cellular respiration and leads to...more
Number of Targets: 20
T3D0084Hydrazine
302-01-2
H4N2
32.045 g/mol
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  • Cigarette Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Hydrazine
  • Industrial Precursor/Intermediate
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metabolite
  • Non-Metal
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
  • Synthetic Compound
At least two mechanisms of action have been observed. One involves the direct binding of those hydrazines with a free amino group (hydrazine and 1,1-dimethylhydrazine)...more
Number of Targets: 0
T3D0771Methanol
67-56-1
CH4O
32.042 g/mol
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  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
  • Solvent
The target of methanol in the eye is the retina, specifically the optic disk and optic nerve. Muller cells and rod and cone cells are altered functionally and structur...more
Number of Targets: 20
T3D4151Methylamine
74-89-5
CH5N
31.057 g/mol
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  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Uremic Toxin
Uremic toxins such as methylamine are actively transported into the kidneys via organic ion transporters (especially OAT3). Increased levels of uremic toxins can stimu...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D0244Formaldehyde
50-00-0
CH2O
30.026 g/mol
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  • Aldehyde
  • Cigarette Toxin
  • Cosmetic Toxin
  • Disinfectant
  • Fixative
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial Precursor/Intermediate
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Lachrymator
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
It is likely that formaldehyde toxicity occurs when intracellular levels saturate formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity, allowing the unmetabolized intact molecule to ex...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D1502Aluminium hydride
7784-21-6
AlH3
30.005 g/mol
Thumb
  • Aluminum Compound
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Synthetic Compound
The main target organs of aluminum are the central nervous system and bone. Aluminum binds with dietary phosphorus and impairs gastrointestinal absorption of phosphoru...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D0189Carbon monoxide
630-08-0
CO
28.010 g/mol
Thumb
  • Food Toxin
  • Industrial By-product/Pollutant
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
Carbon monoxide possesses a higher affinity than oxygen for hemoglobin, leading to the formation of carboxyhemoglobin, this provoking anoxemia. Carbon monoxide also bi...more
Number of Targets: 30
T3D1651Hydrogen isocyanide
6914-07-4
CHN
27.025 g/mol
Thumb
  • Cyanide Compound
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Nitrile
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
  • Synthetic Compound
Organic nitriles decompose into cyanide ions both in vivo and in vitro. Consequently the primary mechanism of toxicity for organic nitriles is their production of toxi...more
Number of Targets: 39
T3D0133Hydrogen cyanide
74-90-8
CHN
27.025 g/mol
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  • Cyanide Compound
  • Food Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Nitrile
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
Organic nitriles decompose into cyanide ions both in vivo and in vitro. Consequently the primary mechanism of toxicity for organic nitriles is their production of toxi...more
Number of Targets: 44
T3D0187Aluminum
7429-90-5
Al
26.982 g/mol
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  • Aluminum Compound
  • Cosmetic Toxin
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metabolite
  • Metal
  • Natural Compound
The main targets of aluminum are the central nervous system and bones. Aluminum binds to dietary phosphorus and impairs gastrointestinal absorption of phosphorus. The ...more
Number of Targets: 6
T3D0028Cyanide
1957-12-05
CN
26.018 g/mol
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  • Cyanide Compound
  • Food Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Nitrile
  • Organic Compound
  • Pollutant
Organic nitriles decompose into cyanide ions both in vivo and in vitro. Consequently the primary mechanism of toxicity for organic nitriles is their production of toxi...more
Number of Targets: 42
T3D0648Beryllium oxide
1304-56-9
BeO
25.012 g/mol
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  • Beryllium Compound
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Natural Compound
  • Pollutant
Once in the body, beryllium acts as a hapten and interacts with human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DP presenting cells in the lungs, becoming physically associated with a m...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D0247Hydrogen fluoride
7664-39-3
FH
20.006 g/mol
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  • Fluoride Compound
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial By-product/Pollutant
  • Industrial Precursor/Intermediate
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Non-Metal
  • Pollutant
  • Synthetic Compound
In addition to being a highly corrosive liquid, hydrofluoric acid is also a contact poison. As with most acids HF can cause tissue burns through the denaturation of pr...more
Number of Targets: 7
T3D0211Fluorine
7782-41-4
F
18.999 g/mol
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  • Food Toxin
  • Halogen
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Metal
Fluoride ions are incorporated into bone by substituting for hydroxyl groups in the carbonate-apatite structure to produce hydroxyfluorapatite, thus altering the miner...more
Number of Targets: 7
T3D4997Carbon-14
14762-75-5
CH4
18.035 g/mol
Thumb
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Radioactive
Not Available
Number of Targets: 1
T3D0157Ammonia
7664-41-7
H3N
17.031 g/mol
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  • Fertilizer
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial Precursor/Intermediate
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Lachrymator
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Metal
  • Organic Compound
The topical damage caused by ammonia is probably due mainly to its alkaline properties. Its high water solubility allows it to dissolve in moisture on the mucous membr...more
Number of Targets: 2
T3D0066Methane
74-82-8
CH4
16.043 g/mol
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  • Food Toxin
  • Fuel
  • Industrial Precursor/Intermediate
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Methane is an asphyxiant and displaces oxygen in enclosed spaces. At high enough concentrations, oxygen depletion may cause asphyxiation. Low concentrations of surroun...more
Number of Targets: 0
T3D0645Beryllium hydride
7787-52-2
BeH2
11.028 g/mol
Thumb
  • Beryllium Compound
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Pollutant
  • Synthetic Compound
Once in the body, beryllium acts as a hapten and interacts with human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DP presenting cells in the lungs, becoming physically associated with a m...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D0042Beryllium
7440-41-7
Be
9.011 g/mol
Thumb
  • Beryllium Compound
  • Cigarette Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metabolite
  • Metal
  • Natural Compound
  • Pollutant
Once in the body, beryllium acts as a hapten and interacts with human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DP presenting cells in the lungs, becoming physically associated with a m...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D4956Tritium
10028-17-8
H2
6.032 g/mol
Thumb
  • Natural Compound
  • Pollutant
  • Radioactive
Tritium is an isotope of hydrogen, which allows it to readily bind to hydroxyl radicals, forming tritiated water (HTO), and to carbon atoms. Since tritium is a low ene...more
Number of Targets: 1
T3D2519Kurtoxin
820959-57-7
Not Available
7394.400 g/mol
T3d2519
  • Amide
  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Protein
  • Scorpion Toxin
Kurtoxin affects the gating of voltage-gated sodium channels and calcium channels. In calcium channels Kurtoxin binds close to the channel voltage sensor and thereby p...more
Number of Targets: 14
T3D2520Margatoxin
145808-47-5
Not Available
4184.990 g/mol
T3d2520
  • Amide
  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Protein
  • Scorpion Toxin
Margatoxin blocks potassium channels, resulting in a loss of outward current and affecting neurotransmitter release. (L1057)
Number of Targets: 1
T3D2521Maurotoxin
188240-41-7
Not Available
3621.205 g/mol
T3d2521
  • Amide
  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Protein
  • Scorpion Toxin
Maurotoxin acts by blocking several types of voltage-gated potassium channel. (L1059)
Number of Targets: 7
T3D2522Noxiustoxin
85205-49-8
Not Available
4201.920 g/mol
T3d2522
  • Amide
  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Protein
  • Scorpion Toxin
Noxiustoxin blocks voltage-gated non-inactivating potassium channels and unblocks inactivating potassium channels blocked by alpha-dendrotoxin in synaptosomes. It also...more
Number of Targets: 23
Displaying toxin 3526 - 3550 of 3678 in total