Tmic
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NameMyelin basic protein
Synonyms
  • MBP
  • Myelin A1 protein
  • Myelin membrane encephalitogenic protein
Gene NameMBP
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0009023|Myelin basic protein
MGNHAGKRELNAEKASTNSETNRGESEKKRNLGELSRTTSEDNEVFGEADANQNNGTSSQ
DTAVTDSKRTADPKNAWQDAHPADPGSRPHLIRLFSRDAPGREDNTFKDRPSESDELQTI
QEDSAATSESLDVMASQKRPSQRHGSKYLATASTMDHARHGFLPRHRDTGILDSIGRFFG
GDRGAPKRGSGKDSHHPARTAHYGSLPQKSHGRTQDENPVVHFFKNIVTPRTPPPSQGKG
RGLSLSRFSWGAEGQRPGFGYGGRASDYKSAHKGFKGVDAQGTLSKIFKLGGRDSRSGSP
MARR
Number of residues304
Molecular Weight33116.855
Theoretical pINot Available
GO Classification
Functions
  • structural constituent of myelin sheath
Processes
  • myelination
  • substantia nigra development
  • central nervous system development
  • immune response
  • synaptic transmission
  • axon ensheathment
  • membrane organization
  • response to toxic substance
Components
  • neuronal cell body
  • cell periphery
  • nucleus
  • internode region of axon
  • compact myelin
  • plasma membrane
General FunctionStructural constituent of myelin sheath
Specific FunctionThe classic group of MBP isoforms (isoform 4-isoform 14) are with PLP the most abundant protein components of the myelin membrane in the CNS. They have a role in both its formation and stabilization. The smaller isoforms might have an important role in remyelination of denuded axons in multiple sclerosis. The non-classic group of MBP isoforms (isoform 1-isoform 3/Golli-MBPs) may preferentially have a role in the early developing brain long before myelination, maybe as components of transcriptional complexes, and may also be involved in signaling pathways in T-cells and neural cells. Differential splicing events combined with optional post-translational modifications give a wide spectrum of isomers, with each of them potentially having a specialized function. Induces T-cell proliferation.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDP02686
UniProtKB Entry NameMBP_HUMAN
Cellular LocationMyelin membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0013569|Myelin basic protein (MBP)
ATGGCGTCACAGAAGAGACCCTCCCAGAGGCACGGATCCAAGTACCTGGCCACAGCAAGT
ACCATGGACCATGCCAGGCATGGCTTCCTCCCAAGGCACAGAGACACGGGCATCCTTGAC
TCCATCGGGCGCTTCTTTGGCGGTGACAGGGGTGCGCCCAAGCGGGGCTCTGGCAAGGTA
CCCTGGCTAAAGCCGGGCCGGAGCCCTCTGCCCTCTCATGCCCGCAGCCAGCCTGGGCTG
TGCAACATGTACAAGGACTCACACCACCCGGCAAGAACTGCTCACTACGGCTCCCTGCCC
CAGAAGTCACACGGCCGGACCCAAGATGAAAACCCCGTAGTCCACTTCTTCAAGAACATT
GTGACGCCTCGCACACCACCCCCGTCGCAGGGAAAGGGGAGAGGACTGTCCCTGAGCAGA
TTTAGCTGGGGGGCCGAAGGCCAGAGACCAGGATTTGGCTACGGAGGCAGAGCGTCCGAC
TATAAATCGGCTCACAAGGGATTCAAGGGAGTCGATGCCCAGGGCACGCTTTCCAAAATT
TTTAAGCTGGGAGGAAGAGATAGTCGCTCTGGATCACCCATGGCTAGACGCTGA
GenBank Gene IDNot Available
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDNot Available
HGNC IDHGNC:6925
Chromosome Location18
LocusNot Available
References
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