You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
NameUroporphyrinogen decarboxylase
Synonyms
  • 4.1.1.37
  • UPD
Gene NameUROD
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0019150|Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase
MEANGLGPQGFPELKNDTFLRAAWGEETDYTPVWCMRQAGRYLPEFRETRAAQDFFSTCR
SPEACCELTLQPLRRFPLDAAIIFSDILVVPQALGMEVTMVPGKGPSFPEPLREEQDLER
LRDPEVVASELGYVFQAITLTRQRLAGRVPLIGFAGAPWTLMTYMVEGGGSSTMAQAKRW
LYQRPQASHQLLRILTDALVPYLVGQVVAGAQALQLFESHAGHLGPQLFNKFALPYIRDV
AKQVKARLREAGLAPVPMIIFAKDGHFALEELAQAGYEVVGLDWTVAPKKARECVGKTVT
LQGNLDPCALYASEEEIGQLVKQMLDDFGPHRYIANLGHGLYPDMDPEHVGAFVDAVHKH
SRLLRQN
Number of residues367
Molecular Weight40786.58
Theoretical pI6.06
GO Classification
Functions
  • ferrous iron binding
  • uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
Processes
  • response to mercury ion
  • heme biosynthetic process
  • porphyrin-containing compound metabolic process
  • protoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process
  • response to iron ion
  • cellular response to arsenic-containing substance
  • response to fungicide
  • uroporphyrinogen III metabolic process
  • small molecule metabolic process
  • response to estradiol
  • liver development
  • response to ethanol
  • response to amine
  • response to methylmercury
Components
  • cytoplasm
  • cytosol
  • nucleoplasm
General FunctionUroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
Specific FunctionCatalyzes the decarboxylation of four acetate groups of uroporphyrinogen-III to yield coproporphyrinogen-III.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID340181
UniProtKB IDP06132
UniProtKB Entry NameDCUP_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0019151|Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD)
ATGGAAGCGAATGGGTTGGGACCTCAGGGTTTTCCGGAGCTGAAGAATGACACATTCCTG
CGAGCAGCCTGGGGAGAGGAAACAGACTACACTCCCGTTTGGTGCATGCGCCAGGCAGGC
CGTTACTTACCAGAGTTTAGGGAAACCCGGGCTGCCCAGGACTTTTTCAGCACGTGTCGC
TCTCCTGAGGCCTGCTGTGAACTGACTCTGCAGCCACTGCGTCGCTTCCCTCTGGATGCT
GCCATCATTTTCTCCGACATCCTTGTTGTACCCCAGGCACTGGGCATGGAGGTGACCATG
GTACCTGGCAAAGGACCCAGCTTCCCAGAGCCATTAAGAGAAGAGCAGGACCTAGAACGC
CTACGGGATCCAGAAGTGGTAGCCTCTGAGCTAGGCTATGTGTTCCAAGCCATCACCCTT
ACCCGACAACGACTGGCTGGACGTGTGCCGCTGATTGGCTTTGCTGGTGCCCCATGGACC
CTGATGACATACATGGTTGAGGGTGGTGGCTCAAGCACCATGGCTCAGGCCAAGCGCTGG
CTCTATCAGAGACCTCAGGCTAGTCACCAGCTGCTTCGCATCCTCACTGATGCTCTGGTC
CCATATCTGGTAGGACAAGTGGTGGCTGGTGCCCAGGCATTGCAGCTGTTTGAGTCCCAT
GCAGGGCATCTTGGCCCACAGCTCTTCAACAAGTTTGCACTGCCTTACATCCGTGATGTG
GCCAAGCAAGTGAAGGCCAGGTTGCGGGAGGCAGGCCTGGCACCAGTGCCCATGATCATC
TTTGCTAAGGATGGGCATTTTGCCCTGGAGGAGCTGGCCCAAGCTGGCTATGAGGTGGTT
GGGCTTGACTGGACAGTGGCCCCAAAGAAAGCCCGGGAGTGTGTGGGGAAGACGGTGACA
TTGCAGGGCAACCTGGACCCCTGTGCCTTGTATGCATCTGAGGAGGAGATCGGGCAGTTG
GTGAAGCAGATGCTGGATGACTTTGGACCACATCGCTACATTGCCAACCTGGGCCATGGG
CTTTATCCTGACATGGACCCAGAACATGTGGGCGCCTTTGTGGATGCTGTGCATAAACAC
TCACGTCTGCTTCGACAGAACTGA
GenBank Gene IDM14016
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDUROD
HGNC IDHGNC:12591
Chromosome Location1
Locus1p34
References
  1. Romeo PH, Raich N, Dubart A, Beaupain D, Pryor M, Kushner J, Cohen-Solal M, Goossens M: Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of a complete human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase cDNA. J Biol Chem. 1986 Jul 25;261(21):9825-31. 3015909
  2. Moran-Jimenez MJ, Ged C, Romana M, Enriquez De Salamanca R, Taieb A, Topi G, D'Alessandro L, de Verneuil H: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase: complete human gene sequence and molecular study of three families with hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Am J Hum Genet. 1996 Apr;58(4):712-21. 8644733
  3. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. 14702039
  4. Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, Jones MC, Gillson C, Searle S, Zhou Y, Kokocinski F, McDonald L, Evans R, Phillips K, Atkinson A, Cooper R, Jones C, Hall RE, Andrews TD, Lloyd C, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Anderson F, Andrew RW, Ashwell RI, Aubin K, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Beasley H, Bethel G, Bird CP, Bray-Allen S, Brown JY, Brown AJ, Buckley D, Burton J, Bye J, Carder C, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clarke G, Clee C, Cobley V, Collier RE, Corby N, Coville GJ, Davies J, Deadman R, Dunn M, Earthrowl M, Ellington AG, Errington H, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Gay L, Ghori MR, Gibson R, Gilby LM, Gillett W, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Griffiths C, Griffiths-Jones S, Grocock R, Hammond S, Harrison ES, Hart E, Haugen E, Heath PD, Holmes S, Holt K, Howden PJ, Hunt AR, Hunt SE, Hunter G, Isherwood J, James R, Johnson C, Johnson D, Joy A, Kay M, Kershaw JK, Kibukawa M, Kimberley AM, King A, Knights AJ, Lad H, Laird G, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Lloyd DM, Loveland J, Lovell J, Lush MJ, Lyne R, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Matthews L, Matthews NS, McLaren S, Milne S, Mistry S, Moore MJ, Nickerson T, O'Dell CN, Oliver K, Palmeiri A, Palmer SA, Parker A, Patel D, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Pelan S, Phelps K, Phillimore BJ, Plumb R, Rajan J, Raymond C, Rouse G, Saenphimmachak C, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Shownkeen R, Sims S, Skuce CD, Smith M, Steward C, Subramanian S, Sycamore N, Tracey A, Tromans A, Van Helmond Z, Wall M, Wallis JM, White S, Whitehead SL, Wilkinson JE, Willey DL, Williams H, Wilming L, Wray PW, Wu Z, Coulson A, Vaudin M, Sulston JE, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Wooster R, Dunham I, Carter NP, McVean G, Ross MT, Harrow J, Olson MV, Beck S, Rogers J, Bentley DR, Banerjee R, Bryant SP, Burford DC, Burrill WD, Clegg SM, Dhami P, Dovey O, Faulkner LM, Gribble SM, Langford CF, Pandian RD, Porter KM, Prigmore E: The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Nature. 2006 May 18;441(7091):315-21. 16710414
  5. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  6. Romana M, Dubart A, Beaupain D, Chabret C, Goossens M, Romeo PH: Structure of the gene for human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Sep 25;15(18):7343-56. 3658695
  7. Garey JR, Harrison LM, Franklin KF, Metcalf KM, Radisky ES, Kushner JP: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase: a splice site mutation causes the deletion of exon 6 in multiple families with porphyria cutanea tarda. J Clin Invest. 1990 Nov;86(5):1416-22. 2243121
  8. Phillips JD, Whitby FG, Kushner JP, Hill CP: Characterization and crystallization of human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Protein Sci. 1997 Jun;6(6):1343-6. 9194196
  9. Gauci S, Helbig AO, Slijper M, Krijgsveld J, Heck AJ, Mohammed S: Lys-N and trypsin cover complementary parts of the phosphoproteome in a refined SCX-based approach. Anal Chem. 2009 Jun 1;81(11):4493-501. doi: 10.1021/ac9004309. 19413330
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. 21269460
  11. Bienvenut WV, Sumpton D, Martinez A, Lilla S, Espagne C, Meinnel T, Giglione C: Comparative large scale characterization of plant versus mammal proteins reveals similar and idiosyncratic N-alpha-acetylation features. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2012 Jun;11(6):M111.015131. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M111.015131. Epub 2012 Jan 5. 22223895
  12. Van Damme P, Lasa M, Polevoda B, Gazquez C, Elosegui-Artola A, Kim DS, De Juan-Pardo E, Demeyer K, Hole K, Larrea E, Timmerman E, Prieto J, Arnesen T, Sherman F, Gevaert K, Aldabe R: N-terminal acetylome analyses and functional insights of the N-terminal acetyltransferase NatB. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 31;109(31):12449-54. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210303109. Epub 2012 Jul 18. 22814378
  13. Whitby FG, Phillips JD, Kushner JP, Hill CP: Crystal structure of human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. EMBO J. 1998 May 1;17(9):2463-71. 9564029
  14. Phillips JD, Parker TL, Schubert HL, Whitby FG, Hill CP, Kushner JP: Functional consequences of naturally occurring mutations in human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Blood. 2001 Dec 1;98(12):3179-85. 11719352
  15. Phillips JD, Whitby FG, Kushner JP, Hill CP: Structural basis for tetrapyrrole coordination by uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. EMBO J. 2003 Dec 1;22(23):6225-33. 14633982
  16. de Verneuil H, Grandchamp B, Beaumont C, Picat C, Nordmann Y: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase structural mutant (Gly281----Glu) in a case of porphyria. Science. 1986 Nov 7;234(4777):732-4. 3775362
  17. Garey JR, Hansen JL, Harrison LM, Kennedy JB, Kushner JP: A point mutation in the coding region of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase associated with familial porphyria cutanea tarda. Blood. 1989 Mar;73(4):892-5. 2920211
  18. Romana M, Grandchamp B, Dubart A, Amselem S, Chabret C, Nordmann Y, Goossens M, Romeo PH: Identification of a new mutation responsible for hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Eur J Clin Invest. 1991 Apr;21(2):225-9. 1905636
  19. de Verneuil H, Bourgeois F, de Rooij F, Siersema PD, Wilson JH, Grandchamp B, Nordmann Y: Characterization of a new mutation (R292G) and a deletion at the human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase locus in two patients with hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Hum Genet. 1992 Jul;89(5):548-52. 1634232
  20. Meguro K, Fujita H, Ishida N, Akagi R, Kurihara T, Galbraith RA, Kappas A, Zabriskie JB, Toback AC, Harber LC, et al.: Molecular defects of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase in a patient with mild hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. J Invest Dermatol. 1994 May;102(5):681-5. 8176248
  21. Roberts AG, Elder GH, De Salamanca RE, Herrero C, Lecha M, Mascaro JM: A mutation (G281E) of the human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene causes both hepatoerythropoietic porphyria and overt familial porphyria cutanea tarda: biochemical and genetic studies on Spanish patients. J Invest Dermatol. 1995 Apr;104(4):500-2. 7706766
  22. McManus JF, Begley CG, Sassa S, Ratnaike S: Five new mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene identified in families with cutaneous porphyria. Blood. 1996 Nov 1;88(9):3589-600. 8896428
  23. Mendez M, Sorkin L, Rossetti MV, Astrin KH, del C Batlle AM, Parera VE, Aizencang G, Desnick RJ: Familial porphyria cutanea tarda: characterization of seven novel uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase mutations and frequency of common hemochromatosis alleles. Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Nov;63(5):1363-75. 9792863
  24. McManus JF, Begley CG, Sassa S, Ratnaike S: Three new mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene in familial porphyria cutanea tarda. Mutation in brief no. 237. Online. Hum Mutat. 1999;13(5):412. 10338097
  25. Christiansen L, Ged C, Hombrados I, Brons-Poulsen J, Fontanellas A, de Verneuil H, Horder M, Petersen NE: Screening for mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Identification and characterization of six novel mutations associated with familial PCT. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(3):222-32. 10477430
  26. Brady JJ, Jackson HA, Roberts AG, Morgan RR, Whatley SD, Rowlands GL, Darby C, Shudell E, Watson R, Paiker J, Worwood MW, Elder GH: Co-inheritance of mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase and hemochromatosis genes accelerates the onset of porphyria cutanea tarda. J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Nov;115(5):868-74. 11069625
  27. Cappellini MD, Martinez di Montemuros F, Tavazzi D, Fargion S, Pizzuti A, Comino A, Cainelli T, Fiorelli G: Seven novel point mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD) gene in patients with familial porphyria cutanea tarda (f-PCT). Hum Mutat. 2001 Apr;17(4):350. 11295834
  28. Ged C, Ozalla D, Herrero C, Lecha M, Mendez M, de Verneuil H, Mascaro JM: Description of a new mutation in hepatoerythropoietic porphyria and prenatal exclusion of a homozygous fetus. Arch Dermatol. 2002 Jul;138(7):957-60. 12071824
  29. Armstrong DK, Sharpe PC, Chambers CR, Whatley SD, Roberts AG, Elder GH: Hepatoerythropoietic porphyria: a missense mutation in the UROD gene is associated with mild disease and an unusual porphyrin excretion pattern. Br J Dermatol. 2004 Oct;151(4):920-3. 15491440
  30. Phillips JD, Whitby FG, Stadtmueller BM, Edwards CQ, Hill CP, Kushner JP: Two novel uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (URO-D) mutations causing hepatoerythropoietic porphyria (HEP). Transl Res. 2007 Feb;149(2):85-91. 17240319
  31. To-Figueras J, Phillips JD, Gonzalez-Lopez JM, Badenas C, Madrigal I, Gonzalez-Romaris EM, Ramos C, Aguirre JM, Herrero C: Hepatoerythropoietic porphyria due to a novel mutation in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene. Br J Dermatol. 2011 Sep;165(3):499-505. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10453.x. Epub 2011 Aug 18. 21668429