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NameC-C motif chemokine 2
Synonyms
  • HC11
  • MCAF
  • MCP-1
  • MCP1
  • Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1
  • Monocyte chemotactic and activating factor
  • Monocyte chemotactic protein 1
  • Monocyte secretory protein JE
  • SCYA2
  • Small-inducible cytokine A2
Gene NameCCL2
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010732|C-C motif chemokine 2
MKVSAALLCLLLIAATFIPQGLAQPDAINAPVTCCYNFTNRKISVQRLASYRRITSSKCP
KEAVIFKTIVAKEICADPKQKWVQDSMDHLDKQTQTPKT
Number of residues99
Molecular Weight11024.87
Theoretical pI9.72
GO Classification
Functions
  • heparin binding
  • CCR2 chemokine receptor binding
  • protein kinase activity
  • receptor binding
  • chemokine activity
Processes
  • leukocyte migration involved in inflammatory response
  • cellular response to lipopolysaccharide
  • cellular response to organic cyclic compound
  • aging
  • cellular response to dexamethasone stimulus
  • lymphocyte chemotaxis
  • humoral immune response
  • cytokine-mediated signaling pathway
  • response to gamma radiation
  • G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway
  • maternal process involved in female pregnancy
  • macrophage chemotaxis
  • inflammatory response
  • cellular calcium ion homeostasis
  • positive regulation of synaptic transmission
  • cell surface receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation
  • negative regulation of angiogenesis
  • regulation of cell shape
  • lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway
  • maternal process involved in parturition
  • positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process
  • negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process
  • negative regulation of glial cell apoptotic process
  • chemotaxis
  • cellular response to platelet-derived growth factor stimulus
  • cellular response to macrophage colony-stimulating factor stimulus
  • response to wounding
  • neutrophil chemotaxis
  • organ morphogenesis
  • negative regulation of natural killer cell chemotaxis
  • positive regulation of calcium ion import
  • chemokine-mediated signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production
  • positive regulation of apoptotic cell clearance
  • cellular response to fibroblast growth factor stimulus
  • positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade
  • cytoskeleton organization
  • response to activity
  • JAK-STAT cascade
  • positive regulation of cellular extravasation
  • cellular response to retinoic acid
  • response to mechanical stimulus
  • cellular response to interleukin-1
  • signal transduction
  • G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway, coupled to cyclic nucleotide second messenger
  • monocyte chemotaxis
  • positive regulation of immune complex clearance by monocytes and macrophages
  • cellular response to tumor necrosis factor
  • endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response
  • response to heat
  • positive regulation of leukocyte mediated cytotoxicity
  • cellular protein metabolic process
  • PERK-mediated unfolded protein response
  • astrocyte cell migration
  • cell adhesion
  • cellular response to ATP
  • positive regulation of macrophage chemotaxis
  • MAPK cascade
  • response to amino acid
  • cellular homeostasis
  • positive regulation of GTPase activity
  • positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic process
  • protein phosphorylation
  • cellular response to drug
  • cellular response to high density lipoprotein particle stimulus
  • response to antibiotic
  • protein kinase B signaling
  • organ regeneration
  • positive regulation of T cell activation
  • response to hypoxia
  • positive regulation of monocyte chemotaxis
  • cellular response to interferon-gamma
  • angiogenesis
  • response to progesterone
  • regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway
  • cellular response to interleukin-6
  • eosinophil chemotaxis
  • viral genome replication
  • cellular response to insulin stimulus
  • positive regulation of protein targeting to membrane
  • response to vitamin B3
  • response to ethanol
  • helper T cell extravasation
  • response to bacterium
Components
  • extracellular space
  • synapse
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm
  • perikaryon
  • rough endoplasmic reticulum
  • extracellular region
  • C-fiber
  • axon terminus
  • endocytic vesicle
  • dendrite
General FunctionNot Available
Specific FunctionNot Available
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein ID307163
UniProtKB IDP13500
UniProtKB Entry NameCCL2_HUMAN
Cellular LocationSecreted
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010733|C-C motif chemokine 2 (CCL2)
ATGAAAGTCTCTGCCGCCCTTCTGTGCCTGCTGCTCATAGCAGCCACCTTCATTCCCCAA
GGGCTCGCTCAGCCAGATGCAATCAATGCCCCAGTCACCTGCTGTTATAACTTCACCAAT
AGGAAGATCTCAGTGCAGAGGCTCGCGAGCTATAGAAGAATCACCAGCAGCAAGTGTCCC
AAAGAAGCTGTGATCTTCAAGACCATTGTGGCCAAGGAGATCTGTGCTGACCCCAAGCAG
AAGTGGGTTCAGGATTCCATGGACCACCTGGACAAGCAAACCCAAACTCCGAAGACTTGA
GenBank Gene IDM24545
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDCCL2
HGNC IDHGNC:10618
Chromosome LocationNot Available
Locus17q11.2-q12
References
  1. Furutani Y, Nomura H, Notake M, Oyamada Y, Fukui T, Yamada M, Larsen CG, Oppenheim JJ, Matsushima K: Cloning and sequencing of the cDNA for human monocyte chemotactic and activating factor (MCAF). Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Feb 28;159(1):249-55. 2923622
  2. Rollins BJ, Stier P, Ernst T, Wong GG: The human homolog of the JE gene encodes a monocyte secretory protein. Mol Cell Biol. 1989 Nov;9(11):4687-95. 2513477
  3. Yoshimura T, Yuhki N, Moore SK, Appella E, Lerman MI, Leonard EJ: Human monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Full-length cDNA cloning, expression in mitogen-stimulated blood mononuclear leukocytes, and sequence similarity to mouse competence gene JE. FEBS Lett. 1989 Feb 27;244(2):487-93. 2465924
  4. Chang HC, Hsu F, Freeman GJ, Griffin JD, Reinherz EL: Cloning and expression of a gamma-interferon-inducible gene in monocytes: a new member of a cytokine gene family. Int Immunol. 1989;1(4):388-97. 2518726
  5. Shyy YJ, Li YS, Kolattukudy PE: Structure of human monocyte chemotactic protein gene and its regulation by TPA. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Jun 15;169(2):346-51. 2357211
  6. Yoshimura T, Leonard EJ: Human monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991;305:47-56. 1661560
  7. Li YS, Shyy YJ, Wright JG, Valente AJ, Cornhill JF, Kolattukudy PE: The expression of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1) in human vascular endothelium in vitro and in vivo. Mol Cell Biochem. 1993 Sep 8;126(1):61-8. 8107690
  8. Finzer P, Soto U, Delius H, Patzelt A, Coy JF, Poustka A, zur Hausen H, Rosl F: Differential transcriptional regulation of the monocyte-chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) gene in tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic HPV 18 positive cells: the role of the chromatin structure and AP-1 composition. Oncogene. 2000 Jul 6;19(29):3235-44. 10918580
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  11. Robinson EA, Yoshimura T, Leonard EJ, Tanaka S, Griffin PR, Shabanowitz J, Hunt DF, Appella E: Complete amino acid sequence of a human monocyte chemoattractant, a putative mediator of cellular immune reactions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Mar;86(6):1850-4. 2648385
  12. Decock B, Conings R, Lenaerts JP, Billiau A, Van Damme J: Identification of the monocyte chemotactic protein from human osteosarcoma cells and monocytes: detection of a novel N-terminally processed form. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Mar 30;167(3):904-9. 2322286
  13. Rollins BJ, Morton CC, Ledbetter DH, Eddy RL Jr, Shows TB: Assignment of the human small inducible cytokine A2 gene, SCYA2 (encoding JE or MCP-1), to 17q11.2-12: evolutionary relatedness of cytokines clustered at the same locus. Genomics. 1991 Jun;10(2):489-92. 2071154
  14. Zhang YJ, Rutledge BJ, Rollins BJ: Structure/activity analysis of human monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) by mutagenesis. Identification of a mutated protein that inhibits MCP-1-mediated monocyte chemotaxis. J Biol Chem. 1994 Jun 3;269(22):15918-24. 8195247
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  22. Ueno M, Shen WJ, Patel S, Greenberg AS, Azhar S, Kraemer FB: Fat-specific protein 27 modulates nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 and the cellular response to stress. J Lipid Res. 2013 Mar;54(3):734-43. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M033365. Epub 2012 Dec 11. 23233732
  23. Gronenborn AM, Clore GM: Modeling the three-dimensional structure of the monocyte chemo-attractant and activating protein MCAF/MCP-1 on the basis of the solution structure of interleukin-8. Protein Eng. 1991 Feb;4(3):263-9. 1857712
  24. Handel TM, Domaille PJ: Heteronuclear (1H, 13C, 15N) NMR assignments and solution structure of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) dimer. Biochemistry. 1996 May 28;35(21):6569-84. 8639605
  25. Lubkowski J, Bujacz G, Boque L, Domaille PJ, Handel TM, Wlodawer A: The structure of MCP-1 in two crystal forms provides a rare example of variable quaternary interactions. Nat Struct Biol. 1997 Jan;4(1):64-9. 8989326
  26. Flores-Villanueva PO, Ruiz-Morales JA, Song CH, Flores LM, Jo EK, Montano M, Barnes PF, Selman M, Granados J: A functional promoter polymorphism in monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is associated with increased susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis. J Exp Med. 2005 Dec 19;202(12):1649-58. Epub 2005 Dec 13. 16352737