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NameHistone H3-like centromeric protein A
Synonyms
  • CENP-A
  • Centromere autoantigen A
  • Centromere protein A
Gene NameCENPA
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0008859|Histone H3-like centromeric protein A
MGPRRRSRKPEAPRRRSPSPTPTPGPSRRGPSLGASSHQHSRRRQGWLKEIRKLQKSTHL
LIRKLPFSRLAREICVKFTRGVDFNWQAQALLALQEAAEAFLVHLFEDAYLLTLHAGRVT
LFPKDVQLARRIRGLEEGLG
Number of residues140
Molecular Weight15990.395
Theoretical pINot Available
GO Classification
Functions
  • DNA binding
  • chromatin binding
Processes
  • mitotic cell cycle
  • viral process
  • kinetochore assembly
  • nucleosome assembly
  • CENP-A containing nucleosome assembly
  • establishment of mitotic spindle orientation
  • protein localization to chromosome, centromeric region
  • small GTPase mediated signal transduction
Components
  • cytosol
  • nucleoplasm
  • chromosome, centromeric region
  • condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region
  • nucleosome
  • condensed chromosome inner kinetochore
  • condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore
  • nucleus
General FunctionDna binding
Specific FunctionHistone H3-like variant which exclusively replaces conventional H3 in the nucleosome core of centromeric chromatin at the inner plate of the kinetochore. Required for recruitment and assembly of kinetochore proteins, mitotic progression and chromosome segregation. May serve as an epigenetic mark that propagates centromere identity through replication and cell division. The CENPA-H4 heterotetramer can bind DNA by itself (in vitro).
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDP49450
UniProtKB Entry NameCENPA_HUMAN
Cellular LocationNucleus
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0013459|Histone H3-like centromeric protein A (CENPA)
ATGGGCCCGCGCCGCCGGAGCCGAAAGCCCGAGGCCCCGAGGAGGCGCAGCCCGAGCCCG
ACCCCGACCCCCGGCCCCTCCCGGCGGGGCCCCTCCTTAGGCGCTTCCTCCCATCAACAC
AGTCGGCGGAGACAAGGTTGGCTAAAGGAGATCCGAAAGCTTCAGAAGAGCACACACCTC
TTGATAAGGAAGCTGCCCTTCAGCCGCCTGGCAGCAGAAGCATTTCTAGTTCATCTCTTT
GAGGACGCCTATCTCCTCACCTTACATGCAGGCCGAGTTACTCTCTTCCCAAAGGATGTG
CAACTGGCCCGGAGGATCCGGGGCCTTGAGGAGGGACTCGGCTGA
GenBank Gene IDNot Available
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDNot Available
HGNC IDHGNC:1851
Chromosome Location2
LocusNot Available
References
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