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NameProtein kinase C epsilon type
Synonyms
  • 2.7.11.13
  • nPKC-epsilon
  • PKCE
Gene NamePRKCE
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0012401|Protein kinase C epsilon type
MVVFNGLLKIKICEAVSLKPTAWSLRHAVGPRPQTFLLDPYIALNVDDSRIGQTATKQKT
NSPAWHDEFVTDVCNGRKIELAVFHDAPIGYDDFVANCTIQFEELLQNGSRHFEDWIDLE
PEGRVYVIIDLSGSSGEAPKDNEERVFRERMRPRKRQGAVRRRVHQVNGHKFMATYLRQP
TYCSHCRDFIWGVIGKQGYQCQVCTCVVHKRCHELIITKCAGLKKQETPDQVGSQRFSVN
MPHKFGIHNYKVPTFCDHCGSLLWGLLRQGLQCKVCKMNVHRRCETNVAPNCGVDARGIA
KVLADLGVTPDKITNSGQRRKKLIAGAESPQPASGSSPSEEDRSKSAPTSPCDQEIKELE
NNIRKALSFDNRGEEHRAASSPDGQLMSPGENGEVRQGQAKRLGLDEFNFIKVLGKGSFG
KVMLAELKGKDEVYAVKVLKKDVILQDDDVDCTMTEKRILALARKHPYLTQLYCCFQTKD
RLFFVMEYVNGGDLMFQIQRSRKFDEPRSRFYAAEVTSALMFLHQHGVIYRDLKLDNILL
DAEGHCKLADFGMCKEGILNGVTTTTFCGTPDYIAPEILQELEYGPSVDWWALGVLMYEM
MAGQPPFEADNEDDLFESILHDDVLYPVWLSKEAVSILKAFMTKNPHKRLGCVASQNGED
AIKQHPFFKEIDWVLLEQKKIKPPFKPRIKTKRDVNNFDQDFTREEPVLTLVDEAIVKQI
NQEEFKGFSYFGEDLMP
Number of residues737
Molecular Weight83673.2
Theoretical pI7.13
GO Classification
Functions
  • enzyme binding
  • signal transducer activity
  • protein kinase C activity
  • calcium-independent protein kinase C activity
  • ATP binding
  • receptor activator activity
  • actin monomer binding
  • protein serine/threonine kinase activity
  • ethanol binding
  • enzyme activator activity
  • metal ion binding
Processes
  • intracellular signal transduction
  • cell division
  • release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol
  • activation of phospholipase C activity
  • cell cycle
  • cellular response to ethanol
  • lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway
  • platelet activation
  • positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling
  • regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
  • locomotory exploration behavior
  • cellular response to hypoxia
  • regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol
  • signal transduction
  • positive regulation of actin filament polymerization
  • positive regulation of epithelial cell migration
  • positive regulation of cell-substrate adhesion
  • positive regulation of lipid catabolic process
  • cell adhesion
  • peptidyl-serine phosphorylation
  • negative regulation of sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity
  • macrophage activation involved in immune response
  • positive regulation of cellular glucuronidation
  • epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of MAPK cascade
  • positive regulation of fibroblast migration
  • Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis
  • blood coagulation
  • response to morphine
  • positive regulation of mucus secretion
  • innate immune response
  • positive regulation of insulin secretion
  • regulation of insulin secretion involved in cellular response to glucose stimulus
  • apoptotic process
  • positive regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergic
  • TRAM-dependent toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathway
  • fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway
  • cellular response to prostaglandin E stimulus
  • neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of cytokinesis
  • protein phosphorylation
  • positive regulation of wound healing
Components
  • cytoplasm
  • mitochondrion
  • cell periphery
  • Golgi apparatus
  • cytosol
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm
  • cytoskeleton
  • nucleus
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • plasma membrane
General FunctionSignal transducer activity
Specific FunctionCalcium-independent, phospholipid- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-dependent serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays essential roles in the regulation of multiple cellular processes linked to cytoskeletal proteins, such as cell adhesion, motility, migration and cell cycle, functions in neuron growth and ion channel regulation, and is involved in immune response, cancer cell invasion and regulation of apoptosis. Mediates cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix via integrin-dependent signaling, by mediating angiotensin-2-induced activation of integrin beta-1 (ITGB1) in cardiac fibroblasts. Phosphorylates MARCKS, which phosphorylates and activates PTK2/FAK, leading to the spread of cardiomyocytes. Involved in the control of the directional transport of ITGB1 in mesenchymal cells by phosphorylating vimentin (VIM), an intermediate filament (IF) protein. In epithelial cells, associates with and phosphorylates keratin-8 (KRT8), which induces targeting of desmoplakin at desmosomes and regulates cell-cell contact. Phosphorylates IQGAP1, which binds to CDC42, mediating epithelial cell-cell detachment prior to migration. In HeLa cells, contributes to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced cell migration, and in human corneal epithelial cells, plays a critical role in wound healing after activation by HGF. During cytokinesis, forms a complex with YWHAB, which is crucial for daughter cell separation, and facilitates abscission by a mechanism which may implicate the regulation of RHOA. In cardiac myocytes, regulates myofilament function and excitation coupling at the Z-lines, where it is indirectly associated with F-actin via interaction with COPB1. During endothelin-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, mediates activation of PTK2/FAK, which is critical for cardiomyocyte survival and regulation of sarcomere length. Plays a role in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy via persistent phosphorylation of troponin I (TNNI3). Involved in nerve growth factor (NFG)-induced neurite outgrowth and neuron morphological change independently of its kinase activity, by inhibition of RHOA pathway, activation of CDC42 and cytoskeletal rearrangement. May be involved in presynaptic facilitation by mediating phorbol ester-induced synaptic potentiation. Phosphorylates gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2 (GABRG2), which reduces the response of GABA receptors to ethanol and benzodiazepines and may mediate acute tolerance to the intoxicating effects of ethanol. Upon PMA treatment, phosphorylates the capsaicin- and heat-activated cation channel TRPV1, which is required for bradykinin-induced sensitization of the heat response in nociceptive neurons. Is able to form a complex with PDLIM5 and N-type calcium channel, and may enhance channel activities and potentiates fast synaptic transmission by phosphorylating the pore-forming alpha subunit CACNA1B (CaV2.2). In prostate cancer cells, interacts with and phosphorylates STAT3, which increases DNA-binding and transcriptional activity of STAT3 and seems to be essential for prostate cancer cell invasion. Downstream of TLR4, plays an important role in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immune response by phosphorylating and activating TICAM2/TRAM, which in turn activates the transcription factor IRF3 and subsequent cytokines production. In differentiating erythroid progenitors, is regulated by EPO and controls the protection against the TNFSF10/TRAIL-mediated apoptosis, via BCL2. May be involved in the regulation of the insulin-induced phosphorylation and activation of AKT1.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDQ02156
UniProtKB Entry NameKPCE_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0012402|Protein kinase C epsilon type (PRKCE)
ATGGTAGTGTTCAATGGCCTTCTTAAGATCAAAATCTGCGAGGCCGTGAGCTTGAAGCCC
ACAGCCTGGTCGCTGCGCCATGCGGTGGGACCCCGGCCGCAGACTTTCCTTCTCGACCCC
TACATTGCCCTCAATGTGGACGACTCGCGCATCGGCCAAACGGCCACCAAGCAGAAGACC
AACAGCCCGGCCTGGCACGACGAGTTCGTCACCGATGTGTGCAACGGACGCAAGATCGAG
CTGGCTGTCTTTCACGATGCCCCCATAGGCTACGACGACTTCGTGGCCAACTGCACCATC
CAGTTTGAGGAGCTGCTGCAGAACGGGAGCCGCCACTTCGAGGACTGGATTGATCTGGAG
CCAGAAGGAAGAGTGTATGTGATCATCGATCTCTCAGGGTCGTCGGGTGAAGCCCCTAAA
GACAATGAAGAGCGTGTGTTCAGGGAACGCATGCGGCCGAGGAAGCGGCAGGGGGCCGTC
AGGCGCAGGGTCCATCAGGTCAACGGCCACAAGTTCATGGCCACCTATCTTCGGCAGCCC
ACCTACTGCTCCCATTGCAGAGACTTCATCTGGGGTGTCATAGGAAAGCAGGGATACCAG
TGTCAAGTCTGCACCTGCGTGGTCCACAAGCGGTGCCACGAGCTCATAATCACAAAGTGT
GCTGGGTTAAAGAAGCAGGAGACCCCCGACCAGGTGGGCTCCCAGCGGTTCAGCGTCAAC
ATGCCCCACAAGTTCGGTATCCACAACTACAAGGTCCCTACCTTCTGCGATCACTGTGGG
TCCCTGCTCTGGGGACTCTTGCGGCAGGGTTTGCAGTGTAAAGTCTGCAAAATGAATGTT
CACCGTCGATGTGAGACCAACGTGGCTCCCAACTGTGGAGTGGATGCCAGAGGAATCGCC
AAAGTACTGGCCGACCTGGGCGTTACCCCAGACAAAATCACCAACAGCGGCCAGAGAAGG
AAAAAGCTCATTGCTGGTGCCGAGTCCCCGCAGCCTGCTTCTGGAAGCTCACCATCTGAG
GAAGATCGATCCAAGTCAGCACCCACCTCCCCTTGTGACCAGGAAATAAAAGAACTTGAG
AACAACATTCGGAAAGCCTTGTCATTTGACAACCGAGGAGAGGAGCACCGGGCAGCATCG
TCTCCTGATGGCCAGCTGATGAGCCCCGGTGAGAATGGCGAAGTCCGGCAAGGCCAGGCC
AAGCGCCTGGGCCTGGATGAGTTCAACTTCATCAAGGTGTTGGGCAAAGGCAGCTTTGGC
AAGGTCATGTTGGCAGAACTCAAGGGCAAAGATGAAGTATATGCTGTGAAGGTCTTAAAG
AAGGACGTCATCCTTCAGGATGATGACGTGGACTGCACAATGACAGAGAAGAGGATTTTG
GCTCTGGCACGGAAACACCCGTACCTTACCCAACTCTACTGCTGCTTCCAGACCAAGGAC
CGCCTCTTTTTCGTCATGGAATATGTAAATGGTGGAGACCTCATGTTTCAGATTCAGCGC
TCCCGAAAATTCGACGAGCCTCGTTCACGGTTCTATGCTGCAGAGGTCACATCGGCCCTC
ATGTTCCTCCACCAGCATGGAGTCATCTACAGGGATTTGAAACTGGACAACATCCTTCTG
GATGCAGAAGGTCACTGCAAGCTGGCTGACTTCGGGATGTGCAAGGAAGGGATTCTGAAT
GGTGTGACGACCACCACGTTCTGTGGGACTCCTGACTACATAGCTCCTGAGATCCTGCAG
GAGTTGGAGTATGGCCCCTCCGTGGACTGGTGGGCCCTGGGGGTGCTGATGTACGAGATG
ATGGCTGGACAGCCTCCCTTTGAGGCCGACAATGAGGACGACCTATTTGAGTCCATCCTC
CATGACGACGTGCTGTACCCAGTCTGGCTCAGCAAGGAGGCTGTCAGCATCTTGAAAGCT
TTCATGACGAAGAATCCCCACAAGCGCCTGGGCTGTGTGGCATCGCAGAATGGCGAGGAC
GCCATCAAGCAGCACCCATTCTTCAAAGAGATTGACTGGGTGCTCCTGGAGCAGAAGAAG
ATCAAGCCACCCTTCAAACCACGCATTAAAACCAAAAGAGACGTCAATAATTTTGACCAA
GACTTTACCCGGGAAGAGCCGGTACTCACCCTTGTGGACGAAGCAATTGTAAAGCAGATC
AACCAGGAGGAATTCAAAGGTTTCTCCTACTTTGGTGAAGACCTGATGCCCTGA
GenBank Gene IDX65293
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDPRKCE
HGNC IDHGNC:9401
Chromosome Location2
LocusNot Available
References
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