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NameHistone H2B type 1-A
Synonyms
  • Histone H2B, testis
  • Testis-specific histone H2B
  • TSH2B
  • TSH2B.1
Gene NameHIST1H2BA
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0013507|Histone H2B type 1-A
MPEVSSKGATISKKGFKKAVVKTQKKEGKKRKRTRKESYSIYIYKVLKQVHPDTGISSKA
MSIMNSFVTDIFERIASEASRLAHYSKRSTISSREIQTAVRLLLPGELAKHAVSEGTKAV
TKYTSSK
Number of residues127
Molecular Weight14167.38
Theoretical pINot Available
GO Classification
Functions
  • DNA binding
Processes
  • nucleosome assembly
  • nucleosome disassembly
  • mononuclear cell migration
  • spermatogenesis, exchange of chromosomal proteins
  • inflammatory response
  • plasminogen activation
  • chromatin organization
  • positive regulation of binding
Components
  • nucleosome
  • nucleus
  • nucleoplasm
  • extrinsic component of plasma membrane
  • nuclear chromosome, telomeric region
  • nuclear nucleosome
General FunctionDna binding
Specific FunctionVariant histone specifically required to direct the transformation of dissociating nucleosomes to protamine in male germ cells. Entirely replaces classical histone H2B prior nucleosome to protamine transition and probably acts as a nucleosome dissociating factor that creates a more dynamic chromatin, facilitating the large-scale exchange of histones. Also expressed maternally and is present in the female pronucleus, suggesting a similar role in protamine replacement by nucleosomes at fertilization (By similarity). Also found in fat cells, its function and the presence of post-translational modifications specific to such cells are still unclear. Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane RegionsNot Available
GenBank Protein IDNot Available
UniProtKB IDQ96A08
UniProtKB Entry NameH2B1A_HUMAN
Cellular LocationNucleus
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0013508|Histone H2B type 1-A (HIST1H2BA)
ATGCCGGAGGTGTCATCTAAAGGTGCTACCATTTCCAAGAAGGGCTTTAAGAAAGCTGTC
GTTAAGACCCAGAAAAAGGAAGGCAAAAAGCGCAAGAGGACCCGTAAGGAGAGTTATTCT
ATTTACATCTACAAAGTGCTAAAGCAGGTCCATCCGGACACTGGCATCTCTTCGAAAGCT
ATGAGCATTATGAATTCCTTCGTCACTGATATCTTTGAGCGTATAGCGAGCGAGGCATCA
CGTTTGGCTCACTACAGCAAGCGCTCCACCATTTCTTCCAGAGAGATTCAGACAGCAGTG
CGCTTGCTACTGCCGGGAGAGCTGGCTAAACATGCTGTGTCTGAGGGCACCAAGGCTGTC
ACTAAGTACACCAGCTCCAAGTAA
GenBank Gene IDNot Available
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDNot Available
HGNC IDHGNC:18730
Chromosome Location6
LocusNot Available
References
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