You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Toxin, Toxin Target Database.
NameTumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 13B
Synonyms
  • B lymphocyte stimulator
  • B-cell-activating factor
  • BAFF
  • BLYS
  • Dendritic cell-derived TNF-like molecule
  • TALL-1
  • TALL1
  • TNF- and APOL-related leukocyte expressed ligand 1
  • TNFSF20
  • ZTNF4
Gene NameTNFSF13B
OrganismHuman
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0001989|Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 13B
MDDSTEREQSRLTSCLKKREEMKLKECVSILPRKESPSVRSSKDGKLLAATLLLALLSCC
LTVVSFYQVAALQGDLASLRAELQGHHAEKLPAGAGAPKAGLEEAPAVTAGLKIFEPPAP
GEGNSSQNSRNKRAVQGPEETVTQDCLQLIADSETPTIQKGSYTFVPWLLSFKRGSALEE
KENKILVKETGYFFIYGQVLYTDKTYAMGHLIQRKKVHVFGDELSLVTLFRCIQNMPETL
PNNSCYSAGIAKLEEGDELQLAIPRENAQISLDGDVTFFGALKLL
Number of residues285
Molecular Weight31222.48
Theoretical pI6.15
GO Classification
Functions
  • receptor binding
Processes
  • cell proliferation
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation
  • positive regulation of T cell proliferation
  • T cell costimulation
  • tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway
  • positive regulation of B cell proliferation
  • B cell costimulation
  • B cell homeostasis
  • signal transduction
  • immunoglobulin secretion
  • positive regulation of germinal center formation
  • immune response
Components
  • integral component of membrane
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm
  • cytoplasm
  • extracellular region
  • plasma membrane
  • extracellular space
General FunctionReceptor binding
Specific FunctionCytokine that binds to TNFRSF13B/TACI and TNFRSF17/BCMA. TNFSF13/APRIL binds to the same 2 receptors. Together, they form a 2 ligands -2 receptors pathway involved in the stimulation of B- and T-cell function and the regulation of humoral immunity. A third B-cell specific BAFF-receptor (BAFFR/BR3) promotes the survival of mature B-cells and the B-cell response.Isoform 2 seems to inhibit isoform 1 secretion and bioactivity.Isoform 3: Acts as a transcription factor for its own parent gene, in association with NF-kappa-B p50 subunit, at least in autoimmune and proliferative B-cell diseases. The presence of Delta4BAFF is essential for soluble BAFF release by IFNG/IFN-gamma-stimulated monocytes and for B-cell survival. It can directly or indirectly regulate the differential expression of a large number of genes involved in the innate immune response and the regulation of apoptosis.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions47-67
GenBank Protein ID4761612
UniProtKB IDQ9Y275
UniProtKB Entry NameTN13B_HUMAN
Cellular LocationCell membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010699|Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 13B (TNFSF13B)
ATGGATGACTCCACAGAAAGGGAGCAGTCACGCCTTACTTCTTGCCTTAAGAAAAGAGAA
GAAATGAAACTGAAGGAGTGTGTTTCCATCCTCCCACGGAAGGAAAGCCCCTCTGTCCGA
TCCTCCAAAGACGGAAAGCTGCTGGCTGCAACCTTGCTGCTGGCACTGCTGTCTTGCTGC
CTCACGGTGGTGTCTTTCTACCAGGTGGCCGCCCTGCAAGGGGACCTGGCCAGCCTCCGG
GCAGAGCTGCAGGGCCACCACGCGGAGAAGCTGCCAGCAGGAGCAGGAGCCCCCAAGGCC
GGCCTGGAGGAAGCTCCAGCTGTCACCGCGGGACTGAAAATCTTTGAACCACCAGCTCCA
GGAGAAGGCAACTCCAGTCAGAACAGCAGAAATAAGCGTGCCGTTCAGGGTCCAGAAGAA
ACAGGATCTTACACATTTGTTCCATGGCTTCTCAGCTTTAAAAGGGGAAGTGCCCTAGAA
GAAAAAGAGAATAAAATATTGGTCAAAGAAACTGGTTACTTTTTTATATATGGTCAGGTT
TTATATACTGATAAGACCTACGCCATGGGACATCTAATTCAGAGGAAGAAGGTCCATGTC
TTTGGGGATGAATTGAGTCTGGTGACTTTGTTTCGATGTATTCAAAATATGCCTGAAACA
CTACCCAATAATTCCTGCTATTCAGCTGGCATTGCAAAACTGGAAGAAGGAGATGAACTC
CAACTTGCAATACCAAGAGAAAATGCACAAATATCACTGGATGGAGATGTCACATTTTTT
GGTGCATTGAAACTGCTGTGA
GenBank Gene IDAF136293
GeneCard IDNot Available
GenAtlas IDTNFSF13B
HGNC IDHGNC:11929
Chromosome Location13
Locus13q32-34
References
  1. Shu HB, Hu WH, Johnson H: TALL-1 is a novel member of the TNF family that is down-regulated by mitogens. J Leukoc Biol. 1999 May;65(5):680-3. 10331498
  2. Schneider P, MacKay F, Steiner V, Hofmann K, Bodmer JL, Holler N, Ambrose C, Lawton P, Bixler S, Acha-Orbea H, Valmori D, Romero P, Werner-Favre C, Zubler RH, Browning JL, Tschopp J: BAFF, a novel ligand of the tumor necrosis factor family, stimulates B cell growth. J Exp Med. 1999 Jun 7;189(11):1747-56. 10359578
  3. Moore PA, Belvedere O, Orr A, Pieri K, LaFleur DW, Feng P, Soppet D, Charters M, Gentz R, Parmelee D, Li Y, Galperina O, Giri J, Roschke V, Nardelli B, Carrell J, Sosnovtseva S, Greenfield W, Ruben SM, Olsen HS, Fikes J, Hilbert DM: BLyS: member of the tumor necrosis factor family and B lymphocyte stimulator. Science. 1999 Jul 9;285(5425):260-3. 10398604
  4. Gavin AL, Ait-Azzouzene D, Ware CF, Nemazee D: DeltaBAFF, an alternate splice isoform that regulates receptor binding and biopresentation of the B cell survival cytokine, BAFF. J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 3;278(40):38220-8. Epub 2003 Jul 16. 12867412
  5. Lahiri A, Pochard P, Le Pottier L, Tobon GJ, Bendaoud B, Youinou P, Pers JO: The complexity of the BAFF TNF-family members: implications for autoimmunity. J Autoimmun. 2012 Sep;39(3):189-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2012.05.009. Epub 2012 Jun 29. 22749832
  6. Clark HF, Gurney AL, Abaya E, Baker K, Baldwin D, Brush J, Chen J, Chow B, Chui C, Crowley C, Currell B, Deuel B, Dowd P, Eaton D, Foster J, Grimaldi C, Gu Q, Hass PE, Heldens S, Huang A, Kim HS, Klimowski L, Jin Y, Johnson S, Lee J, Lewis L, Liao D, Mark M, Robbie E, Sanchez C, Schoenfeld J, Seshagiri S, Simmons L, Singh J, Smith V, Stinson J, Vagts A, Vandlen R, Watanabe C, Wieand D, Woods K, Xie MH, Yansura D, Yi S, Yu G, Yuan J, Zhang M, Zhang Z, Goddard A, Wood WI, Godowski P, Gray A: The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. Genome Res. 2003 Oct;13(10):2265-70. Epub 2003 Sep 15. 12975309
  7. Dunham A, Matthews LH, Burton J, Ashurst JL, Howe KL, Ashcroft KJ, Beare DM, Burford DC, Hunt SE, Griffiths-Jones S, Jones MC, Keenan SJ, Oliver K, Scott CE, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Andrews DT, Ashwell RI, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Bannerjee R, Barlow KF, Bates K, Beasley H, Bird CP, Bray-Allen S, Brown AJ, Brown JY, Burrill W, Carder C, Carter NP, Chapman JC, Clamp ME, Clark SY, Clarke G, Clee CM, Clegg SC, Cobley V, Collins JE, Corby N, Coville GJ, Deloukas P, Dhami P, Dunham I, Dunn M, Earthrowl ME, Ellington AG, Faulkner L, Frankish AG, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Gilbert JG, Gilson CJ, Ghori J, Grafham DV, Gribble SM, Griffiths C, Hall RE, Hammond S, Harley JL, Hart EA, Heath PD, Howden PJ, Huckle EJ, Hunt PJ, Hunt AR, Johnson C, Johnson D, Kay M, Kimberley AM, King A, Laird GK, Langford CJ, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Lloyd DM, Lloyd C, Loveland JE, Lovell J, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, McLaren SJ, McMurray A, Milne S, Moore MJ, Nickerson T, Palmer SA, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Pelan S, Phillimore B, Porter KM, Rice CM, Searle S, Sehra HK, Shownkeen R, Skuce CD, Smith M, Steward CA, Sycamore N, Tester J, Thomas DW, Tracey A, Tromans A, Tubby B, Wall M, Wallis JM, West AP, Whitehead SL, Willey DL, Wilming L, Wray PW, Wright MW, Young L, Coulson A, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Sulston JE, Beck S, Bentley DR, Rogers J, Ross MT: The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13. Nature. 2004 Apr 1;428(6982):522-8. 15057823
  8. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. 15489334
  9. Yu G, Boone T, Delaney J, Hawkins N, Kelley M, Ramakrishnan M, McCabe S, Qiu WR, Kornuc M, Xia XZ, Guo J, Stolina M, Boyle WJ, Sarosi I, Hsu H, Senaldi G, Theill LE: APRIL and TALL-I and receptors BCMA and TACI: system for regulating humoral immunity. Nat Immunol. 2000 Sep;1(3):252-6. 10973284
  10. Liu Y, Xu L, Opalka N, Kappler J, Shu HB, Zhang G: Crystal structure of sTALL-1 reveals a virus-like assembly of TNF family ligands. Cell. 2002 Feb 8;108(3):383-94. 11853672
  11. Karpusas M, Cachero TG, Qian F, Boriack-Sjodin A, Mullen C, Strauch K, Hsu YM, Kalled SL: Crystal structure of extracellular human BAFF, a TNF family member that stimulates B lymphocytes. J Mol Biol. 2002 Feb 1;315(5):1145-54. 11827482
  12. Oren DA, Li Y, Volovik Y, Morris TS, Dharia C, Das K, Galperina O, Gentz R, Arnold E: Structural basis of BLyS receptor recognition. Nat Struct Biol. 2002 Apr;9(4):288-92. 11862220