Tmic
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Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2014-09-11 05:15:30 UTC
Update Date2014-12-24 20:26:56 UTC
Accession NumberT3D4762
Identification
Common Name1,3-Butanediol
ClassSmall Molecule
Description1,3-Butanediol is found in pepper (c. annuum). 1,3-Butanediol is a solvent for flavouring agents 1,3-Butanediol is an organic chemical, an alcohol. It is commonly used as a solvent for food flavouring agents and is a co-monomer used in certain polyurethane and polyester resins. It is one of four stable isomers of butanediol. In biology, 1,3-butanediol is used as a hypoglycaemic agent. 1,3-Butanediol belongs to the family of Secondary Alcohols. These are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl).
Compound Type
  • Flavouring Agent
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
  • Plant Toxin
  • Solvent
Chemical Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Synonym
(+/-)-1,3-Butanediol
(.+/-.)-1,3-Butanediol
(R)-(-)-Butane-1,3-diol
(R)-1,3-Butanediol
(RS)-1,3-Butandiol
(S)-(+)-1,3-Butanediol
(S)-(+)-Butane-1,3-diol
(S)-1,3-Butanediol
1,3 Butylene glycol
1,3-Butandiol
1,3-Butanodiol
1,3-Butylene glycol
1,3-Butylenglykol
1,3-Dihydroxybutane
1-Methyl-1,3-propanediol
b-Butylene glycol
BD
beta-Butylene glycol
Butane-1,3-diol
Butylene glycol
DL-1,3-butanediol
Methyltrimethylene glycol
Chemical FormulaC4H10O2
Average Molecular Mass90.121 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass90.068 g/mol
CAS Registry Number107-88-0
IUPAC Namebutane-1,3-diol
Traditional Name1,3-butanediol
SMILESCC(O)CCO
InChI IdentifierInChI=1/C4H10O2/c1-4(6)2-3-5/h4-6H,2-3H2,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=PUPZLCDOIYMWBV-UHFFFAOYNA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. Secondary alcohols are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassAlcohols and polyols
Direct ParentSecondary alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginExogenous
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
AppearanceNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting Point< -50°C
Boiling Point207.5°C
Solubility1E+006 mg/L (at 25°C)
LogPNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility742 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.59ALOGPS
logP-0.73ChemAxon
logS0.92ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.41ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.46 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity23.84 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability9.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-002g-9000000000-3c919c2dc91ea11f9690View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0007-9000000000-8ebe37c5aa22df7ae557View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-002g-9000000000-3c919c2dc91ea11f9690View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0007-9000000000-8ebe37c5aa22df7ae557View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00ed-9000000000-c5284fbbfa520bd1fa8bView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0100-9530000000-708a913526afb7cf3b0aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-9bc550078151b0ce685eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05fr-9000000000-6607a8f9c47aca01083aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-5f14358cb649e12c55a7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-79782af5d75d3b8625a1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0abi-9000000000-3fe844f5e373efb7fcd2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9000000000-e0a5ac044021bf9e3e24View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-002g-9000000000-60200c691a2f25ef35caView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureNot Available
Mechanism of ToxicityNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Toxicity ValuesNot Available
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)No indication of carcinogenicity to humans (not listed by IARC).
Uses/Sources1,3-Butanediol is found in pepper (c. annuum). It is commonly used as a solvent for food flavouring agents and is a co-monomer used in certain polyurethane and polyester resins. In biology, 1,3-butanediol is used as a hypoglycaemic agent.
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsNot Available
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDDB02202
HMDB IDHMDB31320
PubChem Compound ID7896
ChEMBL IDNot Available
ChemSpider ID13837670
KEGG IDNot Available
UniProt IDNot Available
OMIM ID
ChEBI ID52683
BioCyc IDNot Available
CTD IDNot Available
Stitch IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ACToR IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link1,3-Butanediol
References
Synthesis Reference

Akinobu Matsuyama, Yoshinori Kobayashi, “Process for producing optically active 1,3-butanediol.” U.S. Patent US5336619, issued January, 1989.

MSDSLink
General References
  1. Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.
Gene Regulation
Up-Regulated GenesNot Available
Down-Regulated GenesNot Available

Targets

General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Ligand-dependent nuclear transactivation involves either direct homodimer binding to a palindromic estrogen response element (ERE) sequence or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors, such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3, to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Ligand binding induces a conformational change allowing subsequent or combinatorial association with multiprotein coactivator complexes through LXXLL motifs of their respective components. Mutual transrepression occurs between the estrogen receptor (ER) and NF-kappa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Decreases NF-kappa-B DNA-binding activity and inhibits NF-kappa-B-mediated transcription from the IL6 promoter and displace RELA/p65 and associated coregulators from the promoter. Recruited to the NF-kappa-B response element of the CCL2 and IL8 promoters and can displace CREBBP. Present with NF-kappa-B components RELA/p65 and NFKB1/p50 on ERE sequences. Can also act synergistically with NF-kappa-B to activate transcription involving respective recruitment adjacent response elements; the function involves CREBBP. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1. Also mediates membrane-initiated estrogen signaling involving various kinase cascades. Isoform 3 is involved in activation of NOS3 and endothelial nitric oxide production. Isoforms lacking one or several functional domains are thought to modulate transcriptional activity by competitive ligand or DNA binding and/or heterodimerization with the full length receptor. Essential for MTA1-mediated transcriptional regulation of BRCA1 and BCAS3. Isoform 3 can bind to ERE and inhibit isoform 1.
Gene Name:
ESR1
Uniprot ID:
P03372
Molecular Weight:
66215.45 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC508.28 uMTox21_ERa_LUC_BG1_AgonistTox21/NCGC
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]