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Record Information
Version2.0
Creation Date2014-09-11 05:16:04 UTC
Update Date2014-12-24 20:26:57 UTC
Accession NumberT3D4775
Identification
Common NameFenofibrate
ClassSmall Molecule
DescriptionAn antilipemic agent which reduces both cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
Compound Type
  • Drug
  • Ester
  • Ether
  • Hypolipidemic Agent
  • Metabolite
  • Organic Compound
  • Organochloride
  • Synthetic Compound
Chemical Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Synonym
2-(4-(4-Chlorobenzoyl)phenoxy)-2-methylpropanoic acid 1-methylethyl ester
Antara
Fenofibrato
Fenofibratum
Fenofibric acid
Fenogal
Fenoglide
FIBRICOR
Finofibrate
FNF
Isopropyl (4'-(P-chlorobenzoyl)-2-phenoxy-2-methyl)propionate
Isopropyl 2-(4-(4-chlorobenzoyl)phenoxy)-2-methylpropionate
Lipanthyl
Lipantil
Lipidil
Lipofen
Lofibra
Procetofen
Tricor
TriCor
Triglide
Trilipix
Chemical FormulaC20H21ClO4
Average Molecular Mass360.831 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass360.113 g/mol
CAS Registry Number49562-28-9
IUPAC Namepropan-2-yl 2-[4-(4-chlorobenzoyl)phenoxy]-2-methylpropanoate
Traditional Nameantara
SMILESCC(C)OC(=O)C(C)(C)OC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(=O)C1=CC=C(Cl)C=C1
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C20H21ClO4/c1-13(2)24-19(23)20(3,4)25-17-11-7-15(8-12-17)18(22)14-5-9-16(21)10-6-14/h5-13H,1-4H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=YMTINGFKWWXKFG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzophenones. These are organic compounds containing a ketone attached to two phenyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzophenones
Direct ParentBenzophenones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Benzophenone
  • Aryl-phenylketone
  • Diphenylmethane
  • Phenoxyacetate
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Aryl ketone
  • Phenol ether
  • Benzoyl
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Halobenzene
  • Aryl chloride
  • Aryl halide
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Ether
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organochloride
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Biological Properties
StatusDetected and Not Quantified
OriginExogenous
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
ApplicationsNot Available
Biological RolesNot Available
Chemical RolesNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
AppearanceWhite powder.
Experimental Properties
PropertyValue
Melting Point80.5°C
Boiling PointNot Available
Solubility0.25mg/ml at 25°C
LogP5.3
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00071 g/LALOGPS
logP4.86ALOGPS
logP5.28ChemAxon
logS-5.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area52.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity97.13 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability38.15 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dl-6390000000-5464dc4b809f70f9340dJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-000i-0122900000-4e3cc64221a0b278b61eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-001i-0090000000-f4e7816cd30c8701cce3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-03di-0029000000-60bbd2de375b9b56ec55JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-001i-0190000000-6e83f7c906eaeb363cafJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-0019-0930000000-fccf28abf1a426a6949bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-07739caadc1c26a7baaaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-5045a0039b18e3d7dd9aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-25a145c2138d34aa4b52JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-03di-0029000000-a98245ce05ccb6a6707eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-001i-0190000000-4e9b3e71fc7960db389eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-0019-0930000000-9d3908b5ee8b5f59218dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-1090af5e239a872654d9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-5dcab26837d06f9756f8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-2663fed5f3ba78d3c7a5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-001i-0090000000-4933bea6ce44715c6172JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-01qi-0595000000-d3c4c1cce3b5e1fbb33fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-01qi-1594000000-9756f301ee5d44577654JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-000i-3920000000-91103d7fd9d1063bae9aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0019-0941000000-27e0cd2c4e952b499a9aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0039000000-944af46f336da55a8475JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-001i-2293000000-4801131855d2da97d5eeJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00ec-5970000000-1378e4f4b3a07ef9697dJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0119000000-2b2235f5a6097ea83d1eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-053r-1297000000-e56c9f467ebb0930e34aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00lr-0970000000-abe9ec8d570cd8856680JSpectraViewer
Toxicity Profile
Route of ExposureFenofibrate is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. After absorption, fenofibrate is mainly excreted in the urine in the form of metabolites, primarily fenofibric acid and fenofibric acid glucuronide
Mechanism of ToxicityFenofibrate exerts its therapeutic effects through activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor a (PPARa). This increases lipolysis and elimination of triglyceride-rich particles from plasma by activating lipoprotein lipase and reducing production of apoprotein C-III. The resulting fall in triglycerides produces an alteration in the size and composition of LDL from small, dense particles, to large buoyant particles. These larger particles have a greater affinity for cholesterol receptors and are catabolized rapidly.
MetabolismRoute of Elimination: Fenofibric acid is primarily conjugated with glucuronic acid and then excreted in urine. Following oral administration in healthy volunteers, approximately 60% of a single dose of radiolabelled fenofibrate appeared in urine, primarily as fenofibric acid and its glucuronate conjugate and 25% was excreted in the feces. Half Life: 20 hours
Toxicity ValuesLD50=1600 mg/kg (Oral, in mice)
Lethal DoseNot Available
Carcinogenicity (IARC Classification)No indication of carcinogenicity to humans (not listed by IARC).
Uses/SourcesFor use as adjunctive therapy to diet to reduce elevated LDL-C, Total-C,Triglycerides and Apo B, and to increase HDL-C in adult patients with primary hypercholesterolemia or mixed dyslipidemia (Fredrickson Types IIa and IIb)
Minimum Risk LevelNot Available
Health EffectsInvestigated as a teratogen and reproductive hazard.
SymptomsNot Available
TreatmentNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
DrugBank IDDB01039
HMDB IDHMDB15173
PubChem Compound ID3339
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL672
ChemSpider ID3222
KEGG IDC07586
UniProt IDNot Available
OMIM ID
ChEBI ID5001
BioCyc IDNot Available
CTD IDNot Available
Stitch IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ACToR IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkFenofibrate
References
Synthesis Reference

Jean-Francois Boyer, “Medicine based on fenofibrate, and a method of preparing it.” U.S. Patent US4800079, issued January, 1988.

MSDSLink
General References
  1. Wysocki J, Belowski D, Kalina M, Kochanski L, Okopien B, Kalina Z: Effects of micronized fenofibrate on insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Apr;42(4):212-7. [15124979 ]
  2. Keech A, Simes RJ, Barter P, Best J, Scott R, Taskinen MR, Forder P, Pillai A, Davis T, Glasziou P, Drury P, Kesaniemi YA, Sullivan D, Hunt D, Colman P, d'Emden M, Whiting M, Ehnholm C, Laakso M: Effects of long-term fenofibrate therapy on cardiovascular events in 9795 people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (the FIELD study): randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2005 Nov 26;366(9500):1849-61. [16310551 ]
Gene Regulation
Up-Regulated GenesNot Available
Down-Regulated GenesNot Available

Targets

General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
mmp20
Uniprot ID:
O43923
Molecular Weight:
20353.66 Da
References
  1. Duhaney TA, Cui L, Rude MK, Lebrasseur NK, Ngoy S, De Silva DS, Siwik DA, Liao R, Sam F: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha-independent actions of fenofibrate exacerbates left ventricular dilation and fibrosis in chronic pressure overload. Hypertension. 2007 May;49(5):1084-94. Epub 2007 Mar 12. [17353509 ]
  2. Lebrasseur NK, Duhaney TA, De Silva DS, Cui L, Ip PC, Joseph L, Sam F: Effects of fenofibrate on cardiac remodeling in aldosterone-induced hypertension. Hypertension. 2007 Sep;50(3):489-96. Epub 2007 Jul 2. [17606858 ]
General Function:
Not Available
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
TP53
Uniprot ID:
P04637
Molecular Weight:
43652.79 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC500.919530102 uMAPR_p53Act_72h_dnApredica
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Receptor for bile acids such as chenodeoxycholic acid, lithocholic acid and deoxycholic acid. Represses the transcription of the cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP7A1) through the induction of NR0B2 or FGF19 expression, via two distinct mechanisms. Activates the intestinal bile acid-binding protein (IBABP). Activates the transcription of bile salt export pump ABCB11 by directly recruiting histone methyltransferase CARM1 to this locus.
Gene Name:
NR1H4
Uniprot ID:
Q96RI1
Molecular Weight:
55913.915 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC504.05 uMOT_SRC1_SRC1FXR_1440Odyssey Thera
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety. Receptor for peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Functions as transcription activator for the ACOX1 and P450 genes. Transactivation activity requires heterodimerization with RXRA and is antagonized by NR2C2. May be required for the propagation of clock information to metabolic pathways regulated by PER2.
Gene Name:
PPARA
Uniprot ID:
Q07869
Molecular Weight:
52224.595 Da
Binding/Activity Constants
TypeValueAssay TypeAssay Source
AC509.03 uMATG_PPARa_TRANSAttagene
References
  1. Sipes NS, Martin MT, Kothiya P, Reif DM, Judson RS, Richard AM, Houck KA, Dix DJ, Kavlock RJ, Knudsen TB: Profiling 976 ToxCast chemicals across 331 enzymatic and receptor signaling assays. Chem Res Toxicol. 2013 Jun 17;26(6):878-95. doi: 10.1021/tx400021f. Epub 2013 May 16. [23611293 ]