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Displaying toxin 3201 - 3225 of 3678 in total
T3DB ID Name
CAS Number
Formula
Weight
StructureTypeMechanism of Toxicity
T3D4362L-Asparagine
70-47-3
C4H8N2O3
132.118 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Essential Amino Acid
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
Asparagine, a non-essential amino acid is important in the metabolism of toxic ammonia in the body through the action of asparagine synthase which attaches ammonia to ...more
Number of Targets: 6
T3D4363L-Histidine
71-00-1
C6H9N3O2
155.155 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Conditionally Essential Amino Acid
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
Since the actions of supplemental L-histidine are unclear, any postulated mechanism is entirely speculative. However, some facts are known about L-histidine and some o...more
Number of Targets: 5
T3D4364L-Isoleucine
73-32-5
C6H13NO2
131.173 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Amino Acid, Essential
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
(Applies to Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine) This group of essential amino acids are identified as the branched-chain amino acids, BCAAs. Because this arrangement of ca...more
Number of Targets: 6
T3D4365L-Leucine
61-90-5
C6H13NO2
131.173 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Amino Acid, Essential
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
This group of essential amino acids are identified as the branched-chain amino acids, BCAAs. Because this arrangement of carbon atoms cannot be made by humans, these a...more
Number of Targets: 10
T3D4366L-Phenylalanine
63-91-2
C9H11NO2
165.189 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Amino Acid, Essential
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
Extremely high serum levels of phenylalanine are found in patients with the inborn error of metabolism (IEM) called Phenylketonuria (PKU). At pathological concentratio...more
Number of Targets: 10
T3D4367L-Serine
56-45-1
C3H7NO3
105.093 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Essential Amino Acid
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
L-Serine plays a role in cell growth and development (cellular proliferation). The conversion of L-serine to glycine by serine hydroxymethyltransferase results in the ...more
Number of Targets: 8
T3D4368L-Threonine
72-19-5
C4H9NO3
119.119 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Amino Acid, Essential
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
L-Threonine is a precursor to the amino acids glycine and serine. It acts as a lipotropic in controlling fat build-up in the liver. May help combat mental illness and ...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D4369L-Tryptophan
73-22-3
C11H12N2O2
204.225 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Amino Acid, Essential
  • Animal Toxin
  • Antidepressive Agent, Second-Generation
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
A number of important side reactions occur during the catabolism of tryptophan on the pathway to acetoacetate. The first enzyme of the catabolic pathway is an iron por...more
Number of Targets: 7
T3D4370L-Valine
72-18-4
C5H11NO2
117.146 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Amino Acid, Essential
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
(Applies to Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine) This group of essential amino acids are identified as the branched-chain amino acids, BCAAs. Because this arrangement of ca...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D4371L-Tyrosine
60-18-4
C9H11NO3
181.189 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Essential Amino Acid
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
Tyrosine is produced in cells by hydroxylating the essential amino acid phenylalanine. This relationship is much like that between cysteine and methionine. Half of the...more
Number of Targets: 5
T3D4372Hawkinsin
63224-90-8
C11H17NO6S
291.321 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Ether
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Not Available
Number of Targets: 0
T3D4398Saccharopine
997-68-2
C11H20N2O6
276.286 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Mammal Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Not Available
Number of Targets: 1
T3D4404Methylmalonic acid
516-05-2
C4H6O4
118.088 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Methylmalonic acid is a vital intermediate in the metabolism of fat and protein. Abnormalities in methylmalonic acid metabolism lead to methylmalonic aciduria. This me...more
Number of Targets: 0
T3D4405Calcium
7440-70-2
Ca
40.077 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Industrial/Workplace Toxin
  • Inorganic Compound
  • Metabolite
  • Metal
  • Natural Compound
  • Nutraceutical
Calcium plays a vital role in the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of organisms and of the cell, particularly in signal transduction pathways. More than 500 human ...more
Number of Targets: 17
T3D4409Xanthine
69-89-6
C5H4N4O2
152.111 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Xanthine is a poorly soluble compound. As a result high concentrations of serum xanthine can lead to the formation of kidney stones (xanthine kidney stones) which can...more
Number of Targets: 0
T3D4411L-Proline
147-85-3
C5H9NO2
115.131 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Household Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Micronutrient
  • Natural Compound
  • Non-Essential Amino Acid
  • Nutraceutical
  • Organic Compound
  • Supplement
Glycogenic, by L-Proline oxidase in the kidney, it is ring-opened and is oxidized to form L-Glutamic acid. L-Ornithine and L-Glutamic acid are converted to L-Proline v...more
Number of Targets: 23
T3D44134-Hydroxyproline
51-35-4
C5H9NO3
131.130 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Drug
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Not Available
Number of Targets: 1
T3D44243-Methyl-2-oxovaleric acid
1460-34-0
C6H10O3
130.142 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
3-Methyl-2-oxovaleric acid is produced from isoleucine by cytosolic branched chain aminotransferase 1, whereupon it is further degraded by branched chain keto acid deh...more
Number of Targets: 0
T3D4425Alpha-ketoisovaleric acid
759-05-7
C5H8O3
116.115 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Not Available
Number of Targets: 1
T3D4426Ketoleucine
816-66-0
C6H10O3
130.142 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Ketoleucine is a metabolite that accumulates in Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) and shown to compromise brain energy metabolism by blocking the respiratory chain.
Number of Targets: 0
T3D4430Deoxyuridine triphosphate
1173-82-6
C9H15N2O14P3
468.142 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Ether
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) can be misincorporated into DNA and cause DNA damage. The extent of DNA damage caused by dUTP is dependent on the levels of the pyroph...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D4434S-Sulfocysteine
1637-71-4
C3H6NO5S2
200.214 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
S-Sulfocysteine (SSC) is a very potent NMDA-receptor agonist. Electrophysiological studies have shown that SSC displays depolarizing properties similar to glutamate. S...more
Number of Targets: 3
T3D4435Tyramine
51-67-2
C8H11NO
137.179 g/mol
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  • Amine
  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Tyramine is a cholinesterase or acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. A cholinesterase inhibitor (or 'anticholinesterase') suppresses the action of acetylcholinestera...more
Number of Targets: 4
T3D4438Coproporphyrinogen III
2624-63-7
C36H44N4O8
660.757 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Not Available
Number of Targets: 1
T3D4439Protoporphyrinogen IX
7412-77-3
C34H40N4O4
568.706 g/mol
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  • Animal Toxin
  • Food Toxin
  • Metabolite
  • Natural Compound
  • Organic Compound
Not Available
Number of Targets: 0
Displaying toxin 3201 - 3225 of 3678 in total